Xin-She Yang

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Xin-She Yang is a Senior Research Scientist at National Physical Laboratory, best known as a developer of various heuristic algorithms for engineering optimization. He obtained a DPhil in applied mathematics from Oxford University.[1] He has given invited keynote talks at SEA2011,[2] SCET2012, BIOMA2012[3] and Mendel Conference on Soft Computing (Mendel 2012).


He created the firefly algorithm[4] (2008), cuckoo search (2009),[5][6][7] bat algorithm (2010),[8] and flower pollination algorithm (2012).

These algorithms have become important tools in artificial intelligence,[9] machine learning, neural computing and engineering applications.[10][11] Since 2009, more than 1,000 peer-reviewed research papers cited the firefly algorithm and/or cuckoo search. In addition, the Van Flandern–Yang hypothesis was derived from his collaboration with Tom Van Flandern to explain the gravity variations during the 1997 solar eclipse,[12][13] and this theory is related to the well-known Allais effect[14] and other phenomena.[15]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Oxford University Gazette". Archived from the original on 28 September 2012. Retrieved 4 January 2011.
  2. ^ "SEA 2011 - 10th International Symposium on Experimental Algorithms". Retrieved 14 May 2013.
  3. ^ "BIOMA 2012". Retrieved 14 May 2013.
  4. ^ Yang, X.-S. (2008). Nature-Inspired Metaheuristic Algorithms. Luniver Press.
  5. ^ Yang, X.-S.; Deb, S. (2009). Cuckoo search via Lévy flights, in: World Congress on Nature & Biologically Inspired Computing (NaBIC 2009). IEEE Publication, USA. pp. 210–214.
  6. ^ "Novel 'cuckoo search algorithm' beats particle swarm optimization in engineering design". 28 May 2010. Retrieved 14 May 2013.
  7. ^ Tue, 06/01/2010 - 12:07pm. "Novel 'Cuckoo Search Algorithm' Beats Particle Swarm Optimization". Archived from the original on 11 March 2012. Retrieved 14 May 2013.
  8. ^ Yang X.-S., A New Metaheuristic Bat-Inspired Algorithm, in: Nature Inspired Cooperative Strategies for Optimization (NISCO 2010) (Eds. J. R. Gonzalez et al.), Studies in Computational Intelligence, Springer Berlin, 284, Springer, 65–74 (2010)
  9. ^ Yang X. S., Artificial Intelligence, Evolutionary Computing and Metaheuristics, Springer, (2013)
  10. ^ Yang X. S. et al., Metaheuristics in Water, Geotechnical and Transport Engineering, Esleveir, (2012).
  11. ^ Yang X. S. and Koziel S., Computational Optimization and Applications in Engineering and Industry, Springer, (2011).
  12. ^ "What's the matter with gravity?". 18 August 2000. doi:10.1038/news000824-1.
  13. ^ Yang X. S. and Wang Q. S., Gravity anomaly during the Mohe total solar eclipse and new constraint on gravitational shielding parameter, Astrophysics and Space Science, Vol. 282, 245–253 (2002).
  14. ^ Duif C. P.,
  15. ^ G. Schilling, New Scientist, Vol. 184, No. 2475, Page 28, "Shadow over gravity" (27 Nov 2004)[permanent dead link]

Further reading[edit]