Xinghai Square

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Xinghai Square (simplified Chinese: 星海广场; traditional Chinese: 星海廣場; pinyin: Xīnghǎi Guǎngchǎng), is a city square in Dalian, Liaoning Province, China. It is located to the north of Xinghai Bay. It covers a total area of 110 ha (270 acres),[1] making it the largest city square in the world. Its name literally means "the Sea of Stars".

Location[edit]

Xinghai Square is located in the central part of the southern coast of Shahekou District, Dalian. The square is located about 1 km from Baiyun Mountain in the east, 1 km from Xinghai Park in the west, 1 km from Xinghai Bay Bridge in the south, and 4.5 km from Dalian city center in the north. The main road passing through the square is Zhongshan Road.[2]

History[edit]

  • On July 16, 1993, to commemorate the handover of Hong Kong, the Xinghai Bay Renovation Project started. The Dalian Municipal Government used construction waste to carry out land reclamation projects and planned the construction of Xinghai Square.[3]
  • On June 30, 1997, the Xinghai Square project was completed and the square was opened to the public for free.[3]

Design[edit]

Overall layout[edit]

The landscape of Xinghai Square is divided into four parts: Xinghai Square, Musical Fountain, and Centennial City Sculpture and Central Lawn. There are three circular roads in the middle of Xinghai Square, dividing the landscape into three levels. There are two parallel roads running through the square on the long axis of the square, and there are two X-shaped roads intersecting it and dividing it into six Parts.[2]

Design philosophy[edit]

Xinghai Square encloses a circle in the oval road network. The inner circle has a diameter of 199.9 meters, which symbolizes the 100th anniversary of Dalian in 1999. The outer circle has a diameter of 239.9 meters, which means that Dalian's 500th anniversary of establishment in 2399. The center of the square draws on the design concept of the circular mound altar of the Temple of Heaven in Beijing. It is paved with 999 pieces of Sichuan red marble and the marbles are carved with patterns of the Heavenly Stems and Earthly Branches, the Solar Terms, and the Chinese Zodiac. In addition, there are nine tripods with different patterns, and each tripod has a large character carved on. The nine characters carved on the nine tripods consist of a sentence “中华民族大团结万岁” (English: "Long live the great unity of the Chinese nation" which shows the unity of Chinese people.[2]

Design parameter[edit]

The diameter of the north–south direction is 1010 meters and the diameter of the north-east direction is 630 meters. The total area of the square is 1.76 million square meters. The lawn covers an area of 850,000 square meters, which accounts for 77.3% of the total area of the square.[2]

Landmarks[edit]

Xinghai Square

Surrounding buildings[edit]

Around the square are high-end apartments, restaurants, banks, luxury sports car dealers and an amusement park. Located on the opposite side of the sculpture complex is the Xinghai CBD, which houses among other things Dalian Xinghai Convention & Exhibitions Center, Dalian World Expo Center and the headquarters of Dalian Commodity Exchange.[4]

Huabiao[edit]

A huabiao was once located at the center of the square.[5] It was first built in 1997 to commemorate the handover of Hong Kong. It was the tallest huabiao in China, and became one of the landmarks and symbols of Dalian. It stood at a height of 19.97 meters, and had a diameter of 1.997 metres. It was demolished secretly on August 5, 2016, at midnight, believed to be out of political reasons. Local media remained in silence about this, and reports by mainland media were soon deleted.[6]

Musical fountain[edit]

In 2017-11-26, Xinghai Square opened its new musical fountain at the center of the square, it is known as the largest musical fountain in the north-east of China. Xinghai Square musical fountain is the third musical fountain in Dalian, the other two are in Donggang and Renmin Square.[7]

Dalian Shell Museum

Dalian Shell Museum[edit]

Dalian Shell Museum was officially opened on Xinghai Square in 2015. The shape of the building is a lying shell. There are more than 10,000 kinds and more than 50,000 pieces of exhibits in the museum. Dalian Shell Museum is the one with the largest exhibition area and the most variety on display in the world so far.[8]

Sculpture Landscape[edit]

Xinghai Square has various kinds of sculptures, such as centennial city sculpture, copper sculptures, modern movement sculptures.[3]

Centennial City Sculpture[edit]

The Centennial City Sculpture is located from the center of the square to the south. The sculpture consists of relief and line curving which combines modern Chinese culture and traditional Chinese culture. At the end of the sculpture is a square with an open-book shaped sculpture in the center. The book is faced to the sea, signifying Dalian turning a new page after the Centenary anniversary.[3]

1000 footprints sculpture

The sculpture of 1000 footprints[edit]

The 1000 footprints were stepped by 1000 people of different ages. From the north to the south, footprints were ordered by age from the oldest to the youngest. The footprint in the first line belongs to people who were born in 1899 when Dalian was established, and the one in the last line belongs to people who were born in 1999. The 1000 footprints shows Dalian's century-long history created by its industrious citizens.[3]

Modern Movement Sculpture for canoe and kayak

Modern movement sculptures[edit]

Around the outskirt of the square, there are thirty groups of modern movement sculptures, constructed for the 2008 Olympic Games in Beijing. The sculptures are made with white stainless steel mesh, and are hollow. The sculptures vividly shows athletes‘ strong muscles and beautiful movement. The thirty groups of sculptures represent thirty kinds of sports: basketball, volleyball, american football, table tennis, badminton, softball, ice hockey, balance beam, rhythmic gymnastics, swimming, cycling, judo, shooting, windsurfing, canoe and kayak diving, high jump, long jump, pole vault, fencing, racewalking, javelin, figure skating, speed skating, skiing, diving, discus, long-distance running, hurdling, and equestrianism.[9]

Water Landscape[edit]

Musical Fountain

Xinghai Square's water landscape is distributed in the central star-shaped square, the Centennial City Sculpture and along the road in the middle of the square. The water landscape is consist of musical fountain and flowing water.[2]

Musical fountain[edit]

The fountain has a diameter of 140 meters and a maximum spray height of 88 meters. It adopts 8 patented technologies and presents a shocking performance of "sound, light, electricity, and fire".[10]

Flowing water[edit]

The surrounding flowing water is arranged in a circular pattern. There are nine groups of musical fountains. The water landscape of the center has a total of fifty small colorful musical fountains.[2]

Famous Events[edit]

Dalian International Walking Conference[edit]

Since the first Dalian International Walking Conference was successfully held in 2003, the third weekend in May has become a major festival for hiking enthusiasts and citizens in Dalian to go hiking. In 2008, the International Marching League organized more than 600 Dutch hiking enthusiasts to Dalian to participate in the Sino-Dutch Friendship Hiking Conference. Dutch hikers and Dalian hikers walked together on Xinghai Square and Binhai Road.[11]

China International Beer Festival[edit]

In the midsummer of 1999, the first China International Beer Festival was held in the Olympic Sports Center. In 2002, it moved to Dalian, and opened a new chapter in Xinghai Square.[12]

Service Facilities[edit]

Amusement Ride

Xinghai Square provides citizens and visitors many services and facilities:

Kiosk

Transportations[edit]

Bus[edit]

Bus lines
line 16 line 18 line 22 line 901
line 23 line 28 line 37
line 49 line 202 line 406
line 531 line 542 line 808

[13]

Metro[edit]

Xinghai Square station on Line 1 connects to the square, and it has three exits: A1, A2, and C.[14]

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Xinghai Square Tours – Dalian, Liaoning Province, China | Synotrip".
  2. ^ a b c d e f g 刘, 霞 (2014). 东北地区城市广场景观设计研究 (硕士 thesis). 沈阳师范大学.
  3. ^ a b c d e 李, 薇 (2009). "浅析大连星海广场". 创新沈阳文集(D): 3.
  4. ^ "Location of Dalian Commodity Exchange". Official website of Dalian Commodity Exchange. Retrieved 29 November 2014.
  5. ^ "大连星海广场的前世今生". Sohu. 7 Jun 2013. Retrieved 3 Jan 2017.
  6. ^ "网曝大连星海华表遭连夜拆除 建于薄熙来执政期间". 中国数字时代. 4 Aug 2016. Retrieved 3 Jan 2017.
  7. ^ "大连星海广场的喷泉喷了,东港的三座地标却改了姓……". 网易新闻. 26 Nov 2017.
  8. ^ 付, 莹; 吴, 欣蔓 (2015). "大连贝壳博物馆新馆开馆啦". 东北之窗 (19): 62–63. ISSN 1006-3161.
  9. ^ 刘, 少才 (2012). "一种能激发你奋发向上动感的美——记大连星海广场运动雕塑群". 文体用品与科技 (15): 14–15. ISSN 1006-8902.
  10. ^ "东港商务区:8日开始停止表演 星海广场:9日起维修11日恢复表演_喷泉". www.sohu.com. Retrieved 2021-04-21.
  11. ^ "大连徒步网". www.dlwalking.com. Retrieved 2021-04-25.
  12. ^ 付, 莹; 王, 彦堂; 王, 华 (2013). "中国啤酒节·嗨了星海". 东北之窗 (15): 50–51. ISSN 1006-3161.
  13. ^ "星海广场公交车站_大连星海广场公交站点_经过星海广场的公交 - 大连公交查询". dalian.8684.cn. Retrieved 2021-04-23.
  14. ^ "大连地铁星海广场站_星海广场地铁站_星海广场地铁出口". dt.8684.cn. Retrieved 2021-04-23.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 38°52′52″N 121°34′58″E / 38.88111°N 121.58278°E / 38.88111; 121.58278