Xinhua Bookstore (in Chinese: 新华书店) was originally established as Guanghua Bookstore (in Chinese: 光华书店) in 1937 in Yan'an under the Propaganda Department of the Communist Party of China. In 1942, Guanghua Bookstore changed its name to Xinhua Bookstore.
The four Chinese letter "Xin-hua Shu-dian" logo was made in brush writing in 1948 by Chairman Mao Zedong. In 1951, during the First All-China Publishing Administration Conference, it was decided to divide the vertically integrated operation into the People's Publishing House, Xinhua Publishing Plant, and the Xinhua Bookstore.
In 2003, Xinhua Bookstore was reorganized, coming under the China Publishing Group (in Chinese: 中国出版集团), and owns the largest chain of bookstores in China. As China's only country-wide distribution channel for magazines, and CDs and DVDs, it plays an important role in mass media, in addition to its dominant position as a bookstore.
Multiple distribution channels
In the larger cities in China, Xinhua Bookstore has opened "Foreign Language Bookstores" (in Chinese: 外文书店) which sell books and CDs for learning foreign languages. Books published in foreign countries are not sold in China because of the price reasons, and magazine from foreign countries are prohibited for distribution for political reasons.
Xinhua Bookstore's Provincial Publishing Companies have recently begun opening different distribution channels, such as the Northern Book Town (in Chinese: 北方图书城) in Liaoning Province and Boku Book Town Chinese: 博库书城 in Zhejiang Province.
- Local and university bookstores which mainly sell textbooks
- Xinhua Bookstore (Baidu Encyclopedia) in Chinese
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