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Xinhui, formerly romanized as Sunwui[a] and also known as Kuixiang, is an urban district of Jiangmen in Guangdong, China. It grew from a separate city founded at the confluence of the Tan and West Rivers. It has a population of about 735,500,[when?] 98% of whom are Han Chinese but many of whom speak a dialect of Cantonese as their first language. Xinhui is best known in China for its chenpi, a kind of dried Mandarin orange peel.
Xinhui is situated at the confluence of the Tan and West Rivers in the southwestern area of the Pearl River Delta. It borders the South China Sea and adjoins Macao and Hong Kong. It comprises a total area of 1,387.02 square meters (14,929.8 sq ft).[verification needed] Geologists have shown that Xinhui originated as a shallow bay at the mouth of the Pearl River about 5000 years ago, with its southeastern portion consisting of a chain of islands. The movement of the Tan and West Rivers eventually formed a delta that became the present alluvial plain over the course of the last nine hundred years.
Most of the present area of the Xinhui district formed during the historical period from silt deposited by the Tan and West Rivers. Some Neolithic artifacts, however, have been found in the district's territory over the last ten years,[when?] including shell mounds and pottery shards.
The former Gugang Prefecture was located in the area. Xinhui County administered the area of Jiangmen Town before being placed under Jiangmen's administration. It was later promoted to an urban district.
Xinhui District now forms a part of downtown Jiangmen. It comprises 10 towns, 239 village commissions, 25 community residents' committees, and 4 agencies.
|Name||Chinese (S)||Hanyu Pinyin||Population (2010)|
|Huicheng Subdistrict||会城街道||Huìchéng Jiēdào||385,177|
|Daze Town||大泽镇||Dàzé Zhèn||37,677|
|Siqian Town||司前镇||Sīqián Zhèn||69,935|
|Luokeng Town||罗坑镇||Luōkēng Zhèn||31,527|
|Shuangshui Town||双水镇||Shuāngshuǐ Zhèn||87,295|
|Yamen Town||崖门镇||Yámén Zhèn||37,963|
|Shadui Town||沙堆镇||Shāduī Zhèn||36,957|
|Gujing Town||古井镇||Gǔjǐng Zhèn||42,027|
|Sanjiang Town||三江镇||Sānjiāng Zhèn||43,113|
|Muzhou Town||睦洲镇||Mùzhōu Zhèn||42,117|
|Da'ao Town||大鳌镇||Dà'áo Zhèn||35,367|
Xinhui people are part of the greater Siyi people, in the Greater Siyi Region. Over the last two centuries, more than 600,000 people from Xinhui have migrated overseas (mostly to the Americas, Indonesia and Hong Kong), making it one of the largest representative Chinese districts of overseas Chinese.
Xinhui food exports include rice and fruits, especially oranges. Dried orange peel produced in Xinhui is also used in traditional Chinese cooking.
Dried orange peel produced in Xinhui is world-renowned. It has been used for hundreds years in Chinese cooking and traditional Chinese cooking, adding a pleasant aroma and flavor to food.
Yinzhou Lake (银州湖; 銀州湖), or Yamen Channel (崖门水道; 崖門水道), has an area of 65 km². The average 8–13 m deep river channel and the gentle water current can accommodate vessels up to 10,000 tonnes deadweight (DWT), and is an advantage for port development and in-river transport.
The Yinzhou Lake Economic Area (银州湖经济区; 銀州湖經濟區), which is the key development area, is one of the four main economic areas in Jiangmen city. The Tianma port (天马港; 天馬港), which is located in Yinzhou Lake inside Yamenkou (崖门口; 崖門口), is in a strategic location and is in excellent natural condition for port development in the western Pearl River Delta. Tianma port has designated as a regional hub port, similar to the status of Nansha (南沙港) in Shunde, by the governments of Guangdong, Jiangmen and Xinhui. Harbour industries and logistics services will be developed in the surrounding areas of the port.
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- Gigi Lai – She is popularly nicknamed by the Hong Kong media as the "Goddess of Beauty"
- Gillian Chung -s a Hong Kong singer and actress. She is a member of Cantopop group Twins,
- Bondy Chiu – is an actress and singer with Television Broadcasts Limited (TVB)
- Leo Fong – Martial arts instructor and filmmaker. Friend and sparring partner of Bruce Lee.
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- Liang Caixia – Chinese modern pentathlete. She finished 29th in the Olympics
- Wan Chi Keung – was a known as "Asia's top striker". Wan was a key player for the Hong Kong national football team in the 1970s and 1980s. Played for South China and Japan club seiko. After retired, he became an actor.
- Yu Zhuocheng – Yu won a silver medal in the 3 metre springboard diving at the 1996 Summer Olympic Games.
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- Gutzlaff (1838), p. 442.
- Bolton & al. (1941), p. 262.
- Gutzlaff (1838), p. 565.
- Encyclopædia Britannica, 9th ed. (1878), Vol. V, "China".
- Official map. (in Chinese)
- shi, Guo wu yuan ren kou pu cha ban gong; council, Guo jia tong ji ju ren kou he jiu ye tong ji si bian = Tabulation on the 2010 population census of the people's republic of China by township / compiled by Population census office under the state; population, Department of; statistics, employment statistics national bureau of (2012). Zhongguo 2010 nian ren kou pu cha fen xiang, zhen, jie dao zi liao (Di 1 ban. ed.). Beijing Shi: Zhongguo tong ji chu ban she. ISBN 978-7-5037-6660-2.
- "Contact Us Archived July 10, 2014, at the Wayback Machine.." Vinda International. Retrieved on April 10, 2014. "Donghou Industrial Development Zone, Huicheng Town, Xinhui District, Jiangmen City, Guangdong" – Address in Simplified Chinese Archived April 13, 2014, at the Wayback Machine.: "江门市新会区东侯工业区" – Address in Traditional Chinese Archived April 13, 2014, at the Wayback Machine.: "江門市新會區東侯工業區"
- Bolton, Kingsley; et al. (1941), Triad Societies, Vol. 5, Abingdon: Routledge, reprinted 2000.
- Gutzlaff, Charles (1838), China Opened, or, A Display of the Topography, History, Customs, Manners, Arts, Manufactures, Commerce, Literature, Religion, Jurisprudence, Etc. of the Chinese Empire, Vol. II, London: Smith, Elder, & Co..
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Xinhui.|
- City of Xinhui official website (in Chinese)