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|• District||1,354.7149 km2 (523.0583 sq mi)|
|• Land||1,075.24 km2 (415.15 sq mi)|
|• Water||279.48 km2 (107.91 sq mi)|
|• Urban||143.8698 km2 (55.5484 sq mi)|
|• Length||54.5 km (33.9 mi)|
|• Width||48.8 km (30.3 mi)|
|• Density||560/km2 (1,400/sq mi)|
|• Urban density||5,300/km2 (14,000/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+8 (China Standard)|
|Literal meaning||Old Ridge Prefecture|
Xinhui, alternately romanized as Sunwui[a] and also known as Kuixiang, is an urban district of Jiangmen in Guangdong, China. It grew from a separate city founded at the confluence of the Tan and West Rivers. It has a population of about 735,500,[when?] 98% of whom are Han Chinese but many of whom speak a dialect of Cantonese as their first language. Xinhui is best known in China for its chenpi, a kind of dried Mandarin orange peel.
Xinhui is situated at the confluence of the Tan and West Rivers in the southwestern area of the Pearl River Delta. It borders the South China Sea and adjoins Macao and Hong Kong. It comprises a total area of 1,387.02 square meters (14,929.8 sq ft).[verification needed] Geologists have shown that Xinhui originated as a shallow bay at the mouth of the Pearl River about 5000 years ago, with its southeastern portion consisting of a chain of islands. The movement of the Tan and West Rivers eventually formed a delta that became the present alluvial plain over the course of the last nine hundred years.
Most of the present area of the Xinhui district formed during the historical period from silt deposited by the Tan and West Rivers. Some Neolithic artifacts, however, have been found in the district's territory over the last ten years,[when?] including shell mounds and pottery shards.
The former Gugang Prefecture was located in the area. Xinhui County administered the area of Jiangmen Town before being placed under Jiangmen's administration. It was later promoted to an urban district.
Xinhui District now forms a part of downtown Jiangmen. It comprises 10 towns, 239 village commissions, 25 community residents' committees, and 4 agencies.
|Name||Chinese (S)||Hanyu Pinyin||Population (2010)|
|Huicheng Subdistrict||会城街道||Huìchéng Jiēdào||385,177|
|Daze town||大泽镇||Dàzé Zhèn||37,677|
|Siqian town||司前镇||Sīqián Zhèn||69,935|
|Luokeng town||罗坑镇||Luōkēng Zhèn||31,527|
|Shuangshui town||双水镇||Shuāngshuǐ Zhèn||87,295|
|Yamen town||崖门镇||Yámén Zhèn||37,963|
|Shadui town||沙堆镇||Shāduī Zhèn||36,957|
|Gujing town||古井镇||Gǔjǐng Zhèn||42,027|
|Sanjiang town||三江镇||Sānjiāng Zhèn||43,113|
|Muzhou town||睦洲镇||Mùzhōu Zhèn||42,117|
|Da'ao town||大鳌镇||Dà'áo Zhèn||35,367|
Xinhui people are part of the greater Siyi people, in the Greater Siyi Region. Over the last two centuries, more than 600,000 people from Xinhui have migrated overseas (mostly to the Americas, Indonesia, Malaysia, Singapore and Hong Kong), making it one of the largest representative Chinese districts of overseas Chinese.
|Climate data for Xinhui (1981−2010)|
|Record high °C (°F)||27.8
|Average high °C (°F)||18.3
|Daily mean °C (°F)||14.3
|Average low °C (°F)||11.4
|Record low °C (°F)||2.4
|Average precipitation mm (inches)||34.0
|Average relative humidity (%)||71||79||82||84||83||84||82||82||79||72||67||65||78|
|Source: China Meteorological Data Service Center|
Xinhui food exports include rice and fruits, especially oranges. Dried orange peel produced in Xinhui is also used in traditional Chinese cooking.
Dried orange peel produced in Xinhui is world-renowned. It has been used for hundreds years in Chinese cooking and traditional Chinese cooking, adding a pleasant aroma and flavor to food.
Yinzhou Lake (银州湖; 銀州湖), or Yamen Channel (崖门水道; 崖門水道), has an area of 65 km2 (25 sq mi). The average 8–13 m deep river channel and the gentle water current can accommodate vessels up to 10,000 tonnes deadweight (DWT), and is an advantage for port development and in-river transport.
The Yinzhou Lake Economic Area (银州湖经济区; 銀州湖經濟區), which is the key development area, is one of the four main economic areas in Jiangmen city. The Tianma port (天马港; 天馬港), which is located in Yinzhou Lake inside Yamenkou (崖门口; 崖門口), is in a strategic location and is in excellent natural condition for port development in the western Pearl River Delta. Tianma port has designated as a regional hub port, similar to the status of Nansha (南沙港) in Shunde, by the governments of Guangdong, Jiangmen and Xinhui. Harbour industries and logistics services will be developed in the surrounding areas of the port.
Mount Chishi is a famous scenic spot and tourist destination.
- Liang Qichao, known as "The Mind of Modern China", a Chinese scholar, journalist, philosopher, and reformist during the late Qing Dynasty and early Republic of China who inspired Chinese scholars with his writings and reform movements.
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- Kam Nai-wai – is a member of the Legislative Council of Hong Kong (Geographical constituency, Hong Kong Island). He is a founding member of the Democratic Party, and the member of Central and Western District Council. He currently (as of 2009) works as a social worker and a director of an IT company.
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