The county's area is approximately 600 km2. It is bordered by Wenxi County to the east and Jishan County to the west. Xiangning County to the northwest, Xiangfen County to the northeast, and Houma City to the east are all in Linfen Municipality.
Until recently, its industry was dominated by the production of handicrafts, including lacquerware, embroidery, and leather goods, as well as the manufacture of drugs.
Xinjiang is known for its folk opera performances.
The county is the home of the Jiangzhou Drum Troupe (山西绛州鼓乐团, also known as Shanxi Jiangzhou Drum Art Ensemble, 山西绛州鼓乐艺术团), China's most famous traditional percussion ensemble, which was founded in 1987.
- The Chan Buddhist monk Yaoshan Weiyan (药山惟俨, 751-834)
- The Ming scholar-official and Roman Catholic Thomas Han (韓霖, Han Lin, 1601-1649)
- Farmers from Northwest China to present the quintessentially Chinese folk art, China Daily.
- Han Lin Archived March 13, 2007, at the Wayback Machine.
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