From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Grape (Vitis)
Color of berry skinBlack
SpeciesVitis vinifera
Also calledXynomavro, Mavro Naoussis, Popolka
Notable regionsNaousa, Goumenissa, Amyntaio
VIVC number13284
Wine characteristics
GeneralHigh tannins, medium-high acidity
Vineyard in Naoussa, that produces the xinomavro grape.

Xinomavro (Greek: Ξινόμαυρο [ksiˈno̞mavro̞], lit. 'sour black') is the principal red wine grape of the uplands of Naousa in the regional unit of Imathia, and around Amyntaio, in Macedonia, Greece.[1][2] This grape is primarily cultivated in Naousa, Goumenissa, Amyntaio, Rapsani, Trikomo, Siatista, Velventos, and, on a lesser scale, on Mount Athos, at Ossa, Ioannina, Magnesia, Kastoria and Trikala. In 2010, the total global cultivated area was 1,971 hectares (4,870 acres)[3] and was entirely in Greece, but by 2013 this had grown to 2,239 hectares (5,530 acres) worldwide, with some initial plantings in Gansu, China.[4]

Wine regions[edit]

Red wine made from Xinomavro in the Naousa region has become one of Greece's most important and well regarded wines. The Naousa Protected Designation of Origin (PDO) was established in 1971 and mandates the use of 100% Xinomavro grapes. Good examples age well due to the wine's high acidity and tannin content, and can be similar enough to wines made from Nebbiolo grapes that comparisons are often made to Italy's highly regarded Barolo.[5] In Goumenissa the grape is often blended with Negoska to produce very fruity wines with high alcohol levels.[6]


  1. ^ Xinomavro, Vitis International Variety Catalogue, accessed 2018-12-04.
  2. ^ McWeeney, Myles (August 17, 2004). "Best cellars: A Greek odyssey". The Independent.
  3. ^ Anderson, K and Aryal, NR (2013). Which Winegrape Varieties are Grown Where? A Global Empirical Picture. University of Adelaide Press. doi:10.20851/winegrapes. ISBN 978-1-922064-67-7.{{cite book}}: CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
  4. ^ Robinson, J, ed. (2015). The Oxford Companion To Wine (4th ed.). Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0-198705-38-3.
  5. ^ "Xynomavro Wine". Wine-Searcher. Retrieved 2017-11-21.
  6. ^ J. Robinson Jancis Robinson's Guide to Wine Grapes pg 127 Oxford University Press 1996 ISBN 0198600984