Xingya (興雅) (old name)
Xinyi Administration Center Building
|• Total||11.2077 km2 (4.3273 sq mi)|
|Area rank||Ranked 8th of 12|
|• Rank||Ranked 6th of 12|
|• Density||21,000/km2 (53,000/sq mi)|
The Xinyi District (Chinese: 信義區; pinyin: Xìnyì Qū; meaning "honesty") is the seat of the Taipei mayor's office and the Taipei City Government. Key buildings including Taipei 101, Taipei City Council, Taipei International Convention Center, Taipei World Trade Center and various shopping malls and entertainment venues make Xinyi the most modern cosmopolitan district of Taipei. Xinyi District is also considered the financial district of Taipei. The National Sun Yat-sen Memorial Hall is also located in the district.
The district is today a prime shopping area in Taipei, if not all of Taiwan. Xinyi District is anchored by a number of department stores and malls. In addition, numerous restaurants are located in the area, especially American chain restaurants.
History and geography
During Japanese rule (1895-1945) the area served as a prime tea-growing area in northern Taiwan. In 1920 the area's settlements were established as Matsuyama Village (松山庄; Mandarin Chinese: songshan zhuang, retroactively referred to as Songshan Village). The village was named after Matsuyama City (松山市) in Japan (see Taiwan under Japanese rule) and formed part of Shichisei-gun (Qixing District), Taihoku Prefecture (台北州七星郡). Matsuyama was incorporated into Taihoku City (now Taipei) in 1938.
At the outset of one-party rule by the Kuomintang (1945-1990) the Mandarin Chinese reading of the characters 松山 (i.e. Songshan) was adopted as the name of the district which in 1946 officially comprised 26 municipal villages (里). In 1949 the area's tea estates gave way to military housing for lower-income Kuomintang refugee families. The bodies of many residents and political victims from Taiwan's martial law period are buried in hillside cemeteries that now overlook the Taipei 101 shopping district. By 1980 Songshan was the most populous area of the city.
In 1990, as Taiwan began its modern era of multiparty democracy, the district was split into two as part of a city-wide reorganization. The southern half became Xinyi District while the northern half retained Songshan District as its name. The border between the two shifted slightly in May 1994 when the Keelung River was artificially moved slightly to the south. The present border of Xinyi District runs along Civic Boulevard and the Taiwan Railway Administration Western Line. Xinyi District is separated from the Nangang District on the east by Fude St.; from Wenshan District in the south by Baozijiang and Poneikeng Mountains; and from Daan District in the west by the Zhuangjing Tunnel, Keelung Road and Guangfu Road. New development of the area in the 1990s transformed Xinyi District into a modern international shopping area which by 2010 boasted the highest property values in Taiwan.
Places of Interest
- Taipei 101 (台北101)
At 509.2 m (1,671 ft) tall, Taipei 101 is the fifth tallest building in the world. Visitors can visit the 89th floor observatory by means of the world's second fastest elevator (63 km/h or 37.5 mph). In addition, there is the Taipei 101 Mall, which features name brands like Shiatzy Chen, Dolce & Gabbana, Gucci, Coach, Louis Vuitton, and Roots. The mall also has a Page One Bookstore on the 4th floor terrace, along with Häagen-Dazs, Barista Coffee, Dante Coffee, and a handful of fancy restaurants. Also, there is a large food court with McDonald's, KFC, and many more.
- Taipei City Hall (台北市政府)
Taipei City Hall is located on Shifu Rd. (市府路). The plaza outside city hall, Citizen's Square (市民廣場), is often used as a concert venue including the annual New Year's celebrations.
- Shin Kong Mitsukoshi (新光三越)
Shin Kong Mitsukoshi, a high-end Japanese department store, operates four buildings in the district. The buildings are (in order from least floor space to most floor space): A4, which specializes in women's fashion, has, among other retail stores, a Hands Tailung store, a Häagen-Dazs, and a supermarket; A9, which houses expensive international boutiques like Gucci, Chanel, and Coach, and has a large fnac store on B2; A11, which features products for the entire family, a Mister Donut, a food court, a Starbucks, and a supermarket; and A8, which holds just about everything for anyone and a food court featuring Beard Papa, MOS Burger, McDonald's, Au Bon Pain, etc. Each building has a number of restaurants, featuring cuisines from around the world.
- Eslite Bookstore (誠品信義店)
Eslite Bookstore, Taiwan's premier bookstore, opened their flagship store in the district in early 2006. Spanning over 7 floors, this bookstore is the largest in Taiwan. The bookstore has an expansive magazine collection (especially foreign magazines), a floor dedicated to children's books, a Japanese bookstore, art bookstore, Simplified Chinese book collection, and more. There are event halls where authors address their articles or topics related to their books. In addition to books, the bookstore also offers clothing and accessories (with brands like fcuk, Lacoste, and Adidas), stationery, CDs, a Starbucks, an Apple retailer, and a food court.
Neo19, located on Songshou Rd. (松壽路), houses a number of restaurants, a health club, a nightclub and lounge bar. The restaurants at Neo 19 include Chili's, Romano's Macaroni Grill, Azabusabo, Mo-Mo-Paradise, Gloucester, and Watami. The nightclub is Room18, renowned for hosting international DJs and local celebrities. The lounge bar is BarCode, located on the 5th floor which features an open-air patio, and an exclusive VIP area, named The Den.
- Vieshow Cinemas (威秀影城)
With 17 screens, this megaplex is a popular place in Taipei to see films from all over the world, often released on the same day as the country of origin. The complex also has a food court that includes outlets of Burger King, Häagen-Dazs, etc., Sasa, and an arcade.
- ATT 4 Fun (信義) (formerly New York New York ((紐約紐約))
Located at 12, Songshou Rd (台北市松壽路12號9樓), this building was formerly called New York New York. After ATT Group bought the mall in 2010 it was closed, remodeled, and opened under the name ATT 4 Fun in the second half of 2011. The mall features 11 floors of shopping, restaurants, and clubs. Among the many attractions are a Starbucks, McDonald's, Mister Donut, and Myst Club.
- Martial Law Era Political Victim Memorial Park
This historic cemetery is located on a hillside overlooking the present Taipei 101 shopping district.
Xinyi District is served by the Taipei Metro's Nangang Line in the north and Wenshan Line in the south. When completed in 2012, the Taipei Metro Xinyi Line will serve the district at Taipei 101/World Trade Center and Elephant Mountain. In addition, the north of the district is served by the Taiwan Railway Administration Songshan Station.
Buses to Xinyi District are also plentiful from all parts of Taipei, with a major bus terminal at Taipei City Hall Bus Station. There are also many arteries and freeways in the area, including as Zhongxiao E. Rd. (Sec. 4), Keelung Rd., Xinyi Rd. (Sec. 2), Ren'ai Rd. (Sec. 3), Provincial Highway No. 5, and the Civic Blvd Expressway.
Shin Kong Mitsukoshi (all buildings), Vieshow Cinemas, ATT 4 Fun, and Taipei 101 Mall are interconnected by an elevated walkway.
- Taipei Municipal Fude Elementary School (台北市立福德國民小學)
- Taipei Municipal Bo'ai Elementary School (台北市立博愛國民小學)
- Taipei Municipal Sanxing Elementary School (台北市立三興國民小學)
- Taipei Municipal Liugong Junior High School(台北市立瑠公國民中學)
- Taipei Municipal Xin'Yi Junior High School (台北市立信義國民中學)
- Taipei Municipal Xingya Junior High School (台北市立興雅國民中學)
- Taipei Municipal Songshan Senior High School (台北市立松山高級中學)
- Taipei Municipal Yongchun Senior High School (台北市立永春高級中學)
- Songshan High School of Agriculture and Industry (台北市立松山高級工農職業學校)
- Taipei Medical University (台北醫學大學)
- http://www.att4fun.com.tw/ ATT 4 Fun Web site
- About Xinyi District - Taipei City
- Xinyi District Office, Taipei City (Chinese)
- Shin Kong Mitsukoshi official website (Chinese)
- Taipei 101 Mall official website (English)
- Vieshow Cinemas official website (Chinese)
- Eslite official website (Chinese)
- Room18 official website (English) (Chinese)
- BarCode official website (English) (Chinese)