Xiping Stone Classics

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A fragment of the Xiping Stone Classics

The Xiping Stone Classics (Chinese: 熹平石經) are a collection of Han dynasty stone carved books on various Confucian classics. They were set up at the Imperial Academy outside Luoyang in 175–183. The Classics were created by Cai Yong and a group of affiliated scholars who "petitioned the emperor to have the Confucian classics carved in stone in order to prevent their being altered to support particular points of view."[1]

Around 200,000 characters were inscribed on 46 stelae of the seven classics recognized at the time: the Book of Changes, Book of Documents, Book of Songs, Book of Rites, Spring and Autumn Annals, Classic of Filial Piety and Analects. Only a few fragments of these tablets have survived.[2][3][4]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "The Xiping Stone Classics from the National Library of China". World Digital Library. 
  2. ^ Wilkinson, Endymion (2000). Chinese history: a manual (2nd ed.). Harvard Univ Asia Center. pp. 439, 475. ISBN 978-0-674-00249-4. 
  3. ^ "Remains of the Old Luoyang". CCTV-9. 26 August 2011. 
  4. ^ Xiping Stone Classics (熹平石经) (in Chinese)

External links[edit]