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Município de Xique-Xique
Flag of Xique-Xique
Official seal of Xique-Xique
Xique-Xique in the state of Bahia
Xique-Xique in the state of Bahia
Xique-Xique is located in Brazil
Location in Brazil
Coordinates: 10°49′49″S 42°43′51″W / 10.83028°S 42.73083°W / -10.83028; -42.73083
Country  Brazil
Region Nordeste
State Bahia
 • Mayor Alfredo Ricardo Bessa Magalhães (PT, 2013-2016)
 • Total 2,124 sq mi (5,502 km2)
Elevation 1,319 ft (402 m)
Population (2014)
 • Total 48,210
 • Density 22.7/sq mi (8.76/km2)
Time zone UTC -3

Xique-Xique is a municipality in the state of Bahia in the North-East region of Brazil. Its estimated population in 2014 was 48,210 inhabitants.[1][2][3][4] It is situated on the right bank of São Francisco River and is a regional economic center. Xique-Xique takes its name from a cactus, Pilosocereus polygonus, common to the region.

The first exploratory expedition to the region was in 1545, and carried out by the administration of Tomé de Souza (1503-1579), the first governor-general of the Portuguese colony of Brazil. A fazenda, or large-scale plantation, was established Cabo da Ipueira in the 17th century by the Portuguese Theobaldo Miranda Pires de Carvalho. Before ending the seventeenth century a gold-mining group called the Sierra Assuruá settled in Belvedere Island created the 1st core population inhabited by Europeans.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Divisão Territorial do Brasil" (in Portuguese). Divisão Territorial do Brasil e Limites Territoriais, Instituto Brasileiro de Geografia e Estatística (IBGE). July 1, 2008. Retrieved December 17, 2009. 
  2. ^ "Estimativas da população para 1º de julho de 2009" (PDF) (in Portuguese). Estimativas de População, Instituto Brasileiro de Geografia e Estatística (IBGE). August 14, 2009. Retrieved December 17, 2009. 
  3. ^ "Ranking decrescente do IDH-M dos municípios do Brasil" (in Portuguese). Atlas do Desenvolvimento Humano, Programa das Nações Unidas para o Desenvolvimento (PNUD). 2000. Retrieved December 17, 2009. 
  4. ^ "Produto Interno Bruto dos Municípios 2002-2005" (PDF) (in Portuguese). Instituto Brasileiro de Geografia e Estatística (IBGE). December 19, 2007. Archived from the original (PDF) on October 2, 2008. Retrieved December 17, 2009.