Xoşkeşin

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Xoşkeşin
Municipality
Xoşkeşin is located in Azerbaijan
Xoşkeşin
Xoşkeşin
Coordinates: 39°10′07″N 45°41′43″E / 39.16861°N 45.69528°E / 39.16861; 45.69528Coordinates: 39°10′07″N 45°41′43″E / 39.16861°N 45.69528°E / 39.16861; 45.69528
Country  Azerbaijan
Autonomous republic Nakhchivan
Rayon Julfa
Population (2005)[citation needed]
 • Total 383
Time zone AZT (UTC+4)

Xoşkeşin (also, Xoşkeşiş, Khoshkeshin and Koshkesin) is a village and municipality in the Julfa Rayon of Nakhchivan, Azerbaijan. It is located 34 km in the north from the district center, on the left bank of the Alinjachay River, on the slope of the Zangezur ridge. Its population is busy with vine-growing, farming and animal husbandry. There are secondary school, club, two libraries, communication branch, and a medical center in the village. It has a population of 383. The Ilandağ cuneiform inscriptions have been recorded in the vicinity of the village.[1]

Etymology[edit]

The name of the village made out of the words of koş (temporary housing of the shepherds, homeland, stopping place, migration) and kezen (span, mountain crest) phonetic form of the word kesin/keşin in the Turkic languages and means "stopping place of the shepherds on the crest of the mountain".[2]

Historical and archaeological monuments[edit]

Ilandagh cuneiform inscription[edit]

Ilandagh cuneiform inscription - the ancient writing of the 820–810 years of BC which were discovered in the İlandağ (Ilandagh) mountain. The source of cuneiform writing has been the ideographic writing (not the signs, sounds and syllables, but the type of writing which is reflecting the whole words or the morfems). Since the end of the 4th millennium BC, the Sumerians to express certain concepts, have used the combination paintings of the lines of the similar to the nail, by the method of the printing on the stone or mud-clay. From the Ilandagh cuneiform inscription, it becomes clear that the kings of Urartu, Ishpuini and his son Menua, attacked this area in the period of their ruling the state together. In the inscription, mentions the name of the three cities, the country (or place) and reports sacrifice to their gods for victory. The information about this discovered monument, was first time published in Italy in 1989.[1]

Qıtqın (Gytgyn)[edit]

Qıtqın (Gytgyn) - the ancient settlement in the north-east from the Khoshkeshin village of the Julfa rayon, on the left bank of the Alinjachay River. It is surrounded by deep canyon in the east, by the high mountains in the north, by the small hills along Alinjachay in the south and west. Its area is 17600 m2. A large part of the monument is plowed and planted, the cultural layer was destroyed. During the exploration research works were discovered the grain stones made of cobblestone, glazed and unglazed clay pots in the pink colored, burned bricks and etc.. The findings are kept at the History and Ethnography Museum of the Julfa rayon. It is supposed that the place of residence belongs to the 2nd half of the 1st millennium BC - to the first centuries of our era.[1]

Khoshkeshin[edit]

Khoshkeshin - the place of residence of the Middle Ages (14-18 centuries) near the same named village of Julfa rayon. Its slums and cemetery have been found. Archaeological excavations were carried out. The samples of the surface material culture were obtained.[1]

Khoshkeshin Necropolis[edit]

Khoshkeshin Necropolis - the archaeological monument in the east of the Khoshkeshin village of the Julfa rayon, approximately at an altitude of 100 m from the valley of the Alinjachay. During the farm works, the western part of the necropolis were destroyed, beside the human skeletons were found the samples of clay pot in the red and gray colored in here. The pottery product covers the period from the 1st millennium BC up to the beginning of the our era.[1]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e ANAS, Azerbaijan National Academy of Sciences (2005). Nakhchivan Encyclopedia. volume I. Baku: ANAS. p. 255. ISBN 5-8066-1468-9. 
  2. ^ Encyclopedic Dictionary of Azerbaijan Toponyms. In two volumes. Volume I. p. 304. Baku: "East-West". 2007. ISBN 978-9952-34-155-3.