Xu (surname)

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徐姓 - 楷体.svg
Pronunciation (Mandarin)
Chhî (Hokkien)
Tshêu (Teochew)
Language(s) Mandarin Chinese
Language(s) Chinese
Meaning slowly
Other names
Variant(s) Xu, Hsu, Shyu (Mandarin)
Chui, Tsui, Choi, Tsua (Cantonese)
Su, Chi (Hokkien)
Cher, Cheu (Teochew)
Derivative(s) Seo
許姓 - 楷体.svg
Pronunciation (Mandarin)
Khó (Hokkien)
Heoi2 (Cantonese)
Kóu (Teochew)
Hái (Vietnamese)
Language(s) Mandarin Chinese
Language(s) Chinese
Meaning to allow
Other names
Variant(s) Xu, Hsu (Mandarin)
Hui, Hoi, Hua (Cantonese)
Khor, Khaw, Ko (Hokkien)
Koh, Khoh, Kho (Teochew)
Hii, Hee (Fuzhou)
Hy (Vietnamese)
Derivative(s) Heo
Chinese 許/许

Xu[nb 1] is a surname of Chinese origin. It can be a pinyin transliteration of one of two Chinese surnames, both of which are transliterated as Hsü in the Wade–Giles system, and sometimes spelled without the diaeresis as Hsu.

  1. Chinese: ; pinyin: ; Wade–Giles: Hsü2
  2. simplified Chinese: ; traditional Chinese: ; pinyin: ; Wade–Giles: Hsü3

As of 2007 徐 was listed as the 11th most common surname within the People's Republic of China, and 許/许 was the 26th most common according to the List of common Chinese surnames.

In Cantonese, 許/许 is systemically transcribed in Jyutping as Heoi and in Yale Romanization as Héui; customary spellings include Hui, Hoi, or Hooi; 徐 is often transcribed as Tsui, T'sui, Choi, Chui or even Tsua.

In Southern Min, 許/许 is transcribed in Pe̍h-ōe-jī as Khó, in Teochew as Kóu, and customarily spelled Koh, Khoh, Khor, Khaw, or Ko. In Gan, it can be spelled Hi or Hé. For Hoa people the name is written as Hái or Hy in Vietnamese. Other spellings include Hee and Hu.

In Japanese, the surname 徐 is transliterated as Omomuro, and in Sino-Japanese as Jo. The Korean pronunciation, using the Yale romanization system, is Se. 許/许 in Japanese is transliterated as Yurusu/Bakari/Moto, and in Sino-Japanese as Kyo/Ko. The Korean pronunciation, using the Yale romanization system, is He/Ho.

Chinese immigrants with the surname Xú (Chinese: ) who emigrated to Korea translated the surname to 서 (in Hangul), which is also written as Seo. The Korean name 서, translated to Japanese, is ソ (Romaji: So). Chinese immigrants with the surname Xǔ (simplified Chinese: ; traditional Chinese: ) who emigrated to Korea translated the surname to 허, which is also written as Heo. The Korean name 허 translated to Japanese word is ホ (Romaji: Ho).

Overseas Chinese living in Vietnam (Hoa) with the surname 許/许, had their surnames transliterated as the Hái or Hy for government purposes or when immigrating to English speaking nations, particularly the United States.

Each time the Chinese surname was introduced to another language, the writing and pronunciation also changed. In Vietnamese, 徐 translates as từ and 许 translates as hứa or hử.

Origin of the surname 徐 Xú[edit]

Son of Boyi, has also been great with George Yu, official Yu success for assistants water-control. The Boyi son Xú Ruomu is sealed ancient Xú Guo, Xú Guo has been established. He had been transferred to the 32 king, by his love for common people, benevolence, the result not only Xú Guo, even a few around 30 countries are very popular support him. Because with his wholeheartedly endorsed and also loved every peoples. The Emperor King was informed that he had been so popular and greatly impressed, so they let son of Xú Yan Wang continue manage Xú Guo. Cause seal to the Xú Guo, their posterities will be the same surname with state and known as Xú.

Origin of the surname 許/许 Xǔ[edit]

The surname 許/许 Xǔ has multiple theories regarding its origin.

The most credible one states that the surname Xǔ originated from the feudal state of Xǔ in the area of Xǔchāng in present-day Henan, during the Zhou Dynasty.

A different theory states that the surname originated with the fabled Xǔ You, a sage in the time of the fabled Emperor Yao, not to be confused with the later another Xǔ You who was a military strategist of the warlord Yuan Shao during the late Han Dynasty period. Xǔ You's descendants carried on the surname of their famed ancestor, thereby establishing Xǔ as a surname. Later on in the history of ancient China, it became popular among scholars of the time to postulate that Xǔ You must have been the ancestor of that feudal lord whose surname was Xǔ.

The posterities with state as surname called Xǔ, were authentic known as Xǔ. In tale of Emperor Yao, Xǔ You posterities surname also called Xǔ. Xǔ by handing down was the person of integrity talented person of Yao and Shun time, lives in Jishan. After many years later, the posterity called this mountain as Xǔ Youshan. More than years ago activity near Yu Yingshui the basin under Jishan.

People with surname 徐 Xú[edit]


  • Philip Jaisohn, first Korean to become a U.S. citizen
  • Seo Taiji, South Korean singer, musician, and songwriter
  • Seo In-young, South Korean singer, dancer, model, television host, and actress
  • Seo Taiji, singer, musician, and songwriter
  • Seo Yong-Duk, South Korean football midfielder, who plays for Kataller Toyama
  • Seo Minwoo, South Korean idol singer, member of 100%
  • Seo Ji-hye, South Korean actress
  • Seo Kangjoon, South Korean Actor and idol of 5Suprise
  • Seo EunKwang Southt Korean idol singer, member of BtoB
  • Seo Yuna, South Korean idol singer, member of AOA
  • Seo HyeRin, South Korean idol singer, member of EXID

People with surname 許/许 Xǔ[edit]


  • Heo Jeong, Korean politician and independence activist
  • Heo Nanseolheon, prominent Korean female poet of the mid Joseon dynasty
  • Heo Mok, Korean politician, poet and scholar of the Joseon Dynasty
  • Heo Jang-kang, actor
  • Heo Jin-Ho, South Korean film director and screenwriter
  • Heo Jun, court physician and noted as author of the defining text of traditional Korean medicine
  • Heo Beom-San, South Korean footballer in K-League

See also[edit]

Wiki link[edit]


  1. ^ The approximate pronunciation in English is /ˈʃjuː/.