Xuanhua District

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Xuanhua
宣化区
District
Country People's Republic of China
Province Hebei
Prefecture-level city Zhangjiakou
Time zone China Standard (UTC+8)
Website www.zjkxuanhua.gov.cn

Xuanhua (Chinese: 宣化; pinyin: Xuānhuà) is a district in Zhangjiakou prefecture-level city in Hebei Province, China.

Xuanhua is 180 km (112 mi) north-west of Beijing. It has a population of 274,000 people. Xuanhua is a very old city with a rich military and agricultural history. In modern times it has also become an industrial area, and now contains a high-tech development zone where new developments are being promoted by the government of Hebei Province.

History[edit]

Zhu Di, prior to becoming the Yongle Emperor, was the Prince of Yan, ruling in Xuanhua.

Xuanhua is home to a Liao dynasty (960-1127) tomb with a colored star atlas painted with 268 stars including the sun, the moon and five planets—Mercury, Venus, Mars, Jupiter and Saturn.

In January 2016, the former rural Xuanhua County surrounding the urban Xuanhua merged with the urban Xuanhua District to established Greater Xuanhua District with both rural and urban area combined.

Military[edit]

Historically, Xuanhua has been the "Gateway to Beijing," a city with a large garrison that was close enough to the capital to be strategically vital.

Xuanhua was also the garrison headquarters for the soldiers on the Xuanda-Shanxi Military Area, commanding Xuanfu Zhen, Datong Zhen and ShanxiZhen of the Great Wall, one of the three military governorships of the great wall in the Ming Dynasty.

Xuanhua has a set of city walls built in the Ming Dynasty which are still partly intact.

Agriculture[edit]

Known in ancient times as "The Grape Town," Xuanhua farmers grow a wide variety of grapes. Some grapes are used for wine production, but much of the crop is sold as fruit. In autumn, a large number of farmers sell grapes on streetsides out of hand-carts or trucks.

Industry[edit]

Xuanhua contains

and other mineral resources.

Its key industries are

and

  • brewing - the locally produced beer is "Zhōnglóu Píjiǔ" (钟楼 啤酒)or Bell-tower Beer.

Administrative Divisions[1][edit]

Subdistricts:

Towns:

Townships:

References[edit]

Coordinates: 40°035′N 115°02′E / 40.583°N 115.033°E / 40.583; 115.033