Xuanwu District, Beijing

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District of the People's Republic of China
Location of Xuanwu
Location of Xuanwu on Beijing.
 •  Established 1952
 •  Disestablished 2010
Today part of Part of Xicheng District
A hutong in Xuanwu during a Spring Festival Temple fair.

Xuanwu District (simplified Chinese: 宣武区; traditional Chinese: 宣武區; pinyin: Xuānwǔ Qū) is a former district of the Municipality of Beijing. It was located southwest to the city center, outside of Xuanwu Gate. The district was merged into Xicheng District in July 2010.

Located outside the Imperial Inner City and predominantly reserved for the lower class, the district was over 16.5 km² in size. Although historically considered a wealthy area of Beijing as one of the older districts of the former Imperial City, Xuanwu District underwent rapid changes in its recent history leading up its merger into Xicheng District. The area was also the birthplace of Peking Opera and housed the Caishikou Execution Grounds during the Qing Dynasty.

Xuanwu District had a large muslim population.

Popular destinations in Xuanwu District include:


Wenfei Wang, Shangyi Zhou, and C. Cindy Fan, the authors of "Growth and Decline of Muslim Hui Enclaves in Beijing," stated in 2002 that Beijing's economic development was northward oriented and the economic development in the Xuanwu District "lags behind" Dongcheng District and Xicheng District, adjacent districts located towards the north.[1]


Prior to the district's dissolution, The High School Affiliated to Beijing Normal University was located in Xuanwu.[2]

One school in Niujie, the Beijing Xuanwu Huimin Elementary School (Chinese: 北京市宣武回民小学; pinyin: Běijīng Shì Xuānwǔ Huímín Xiǎoxué), serves the Hui people living in Beijing. That was previously in the Xuanwu District.[3]

Xuanwu Normal Experimental Affiliated Number One Primary School (北京市宣武师范学校附属第一小学) is located in the former Xuanwu District.[4]


  1. ^ Wang, Wenfei, Shangyi Zhou, and C. Cindy Fan. "Growth and Decline of Muslim Hui Enclaves in Beijing" (Archived 2014-01-11 at WebCite). Eurasian Geography and Economics, 2002, 43, No. 2, pp. 104-122. Cited page 114.
  2. ^ "Contact Us." The High School Affiliated to Beijing Normal University. Retrieved on October 12, 2012. "Correspondence Address: 100052, No.18 Nan Xin Hua Street , He Ping Men , Xuan Wu District, Beijing, PRC China."
  3. ^ "Home page". Beijing Xuanwu Huimin Elementary School. Retrieved January 10, 2014. 学校地址:北京市西城区牛街西里一区5号(北京市宣武回民小学) (Archive).
  4. ^ "'Knifeman' held after 20 pupils attacked at primary school ." Sky News at MSN. Retriueved on January 9, 2019.

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Coordinates: 39°53′39″N 116°22′57″E / 39.894262°N 116.382425°E / 39.894262; 116.382425