The summit as seen from the east peak
|Elevation||3,886 m (12,749 ft) |
|Prominence||1,932 m (6,339 ft) |
100 Peaks of Taiwan
|Location||Heping District, Taichung/|
Tai'an, Miaoli County, Taiwan
|Parent range||Xueshan Range|
|Easiest route||Maintained trail, snow/ice climb during some winter months|
|Literal meaning||Snowy Mountain|
|Literal meaning||3-Prong Mountain|
|Literal meaning||Next-Highest Mountain|
Xueshan, formerly known as Mount Sylvia and by other names, is a mountain in the Heping District of Taichung, Taiwan. It is the 2nd-highest mountain in Taiwan and in East Asia, at 3,886 m (12,749 ft) above sea level. It is located in the Shei-Pa National Park and is visible in good weather from hills near Taiwan's capital Taipei.
During the Qing Dynasty, the mountain was known to Westerners as Mount Sylvia. It was also known as Shan-chas-shan (properly, Sānchàshān) from a Chinese name meaning "3-Forked" or "3-Prong Mountain". During Japan's occupation of Taiwan, improved surveys showed that Xueshan was shorter than Yushan on Taiwan but taller than Mount Fuji in the Japanese Islands. Its name was accordingly changed to Tsugitakayama, meaning "Next-" or "Second-Highest Mountain", in 1923.
Xueshan is a part of the Shei-Pa National Park and so climbers are required to apply for a park entry permit. This can be done 7–30 days in advance. After that a police mountain entry permit must be applied for. This can be done at the police station in Wuling Farm on the spot.
There are two cabins on the trail. The first, Qika Cabin, is at the 2.0 kilometres (1.2 mi) mark. The second, 369 Cabin, is at the 6.9 kilometres (4.3 mi) mark. Both cabins are very basic containing bunker style beds. Hikers must bring their own sleeping and cooking gear.
The peak is at the 10.9 kilometres (6.8 mi) mark.
- 100 Peaks of Taiwan
- List of mountains in Taiwan
- List of Ultras of Tibet, East Asia and neighbouring areas
- Shei-Pa National Park
- Taroko National Park
- Xueshan Range
- Xueshan Tunnel
- Encyclopaedia Britannica, 9th ed., Vol. IX, New York: Charles Scribner's Sons, 1879, pp. 415–17. ,
- Campbell, William (1896). "The Island of Formosa: Its Past and Future". Scottish Geographical Magazine. Vol. 12 (No. 8): 385–399. doi:10.1080/00369229608732903.
- Davidson, James W. (1903). The Island of Formosa, Past and Present: History, People, Resources, and Commercial Prospects: Tea, Camphor, Sugar, Gold, Coal, Sulphur, Economical Plants, and Other Productions. London and New York: Macmillan. OL 6931635M.
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