It was the terminus of the second railway to be constructed in China after the abortive Woosung Railway in Shanghai. The six-mile Kaiping Tramway opened to traffic in 1881 and ran from the colleries at Tangshan to Xugezhuang (then known as Hsuokochuang), whence a canal connected it to Lutai and the river network between Beijing and Tianjin. It eventually grew into the Imperial Railways of North China and the modern Jingshan and Jingha Railways.
- Huenemann, Ralph Wm. Harvard East Asian Monographs, No. 109. The Dragon and the Iron Horse: the Economics of Railroads in China, 1876–1937, p. 254. Harvard Univ Asia Center, 1984. ISBN 0-674-21535-4. Accessed 12 October 2011.
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