Description and properties
This perennial tree is very conspicuous in the flowering season owing to its bright yellow flowers.
Xylia xylocarpa produces hardwood, and in Vietnam it is classified as an 'ironwood' with its name referring to use in traditional cart-making. The cross-section of a trunk has a distinctive yellowish-white and thick outer layer, with a crimson-dark core of fine grain and high density (1.15 with 15% moisture content). The wood pulp may be used for making wrapping paper.
Distribution and common names
This tree is found in South and Southeast Asia; it is known as Pyinkado (Burmese: ပျဉ်းကတိုး) in Myanmar, Căm xe in Vietnam, Sokram (សុក្រម) in Cambodia and Jamba" or Jambe in KannadaKarnataka and Maharashtra (India). It has also been planted in certain parts of East Africa.
Xylia xylocarpa (Roxb.) Taub. var. kerrii (Craib & Hutch.) is known as mai deng (ไม้ แดง) in the Thai language. This species, naturally adapted to conditions in Thailand, is used in reforestation at certain denuded or environmentally degraded areas of the country.
- P. Siddhuraju, K. Vijayakumari & K. Janardhanan Nutrient and chemical evaluation of raw seeds of Xylia xylocarpa
- Encyclopedia of Indian medicinal plants
- Thai Scouts celebrate 100th anniversary by planting trees
- Anchalee Sri-ngernyuang, Growth of Seedlings at the Northern 60th Anniversary of Queen Sirikit Botanical Garden, Muang District, Chiang Mai Archived December 11, 2006, at the Wayback Machine(in Thai)