Xylindein

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Xylindein
Xylindein.svg
Xylindein-3D.png
Names
IUPAC name
8,16-Dihydroxy-3,11-dipropyl-3,4,11,12-tetrahydro-pyrano[4,3-h]pyrano[4',3';5,6]xantheno[2,1,9,8-klmna]xanthene-1,7,9,15-tetraone
Other names
Xylindene
(3S,11S)-3,4,11,12-Tetrahydro-8,16-dihydroxy-3,11-dipropyl-1H,7H-dipyrano[4,3-a:4',3'-j]-peri-xanthenoxanthene-1,7,9,15-tetrone

peri-xanthenoxanthene-2,8-dicarboxy-lic acid 4,10-dihydro-3,9-dihydroxy-1,7-bis(2 S-hydroxy-pentyl)-4,10-dioxo-di δ-lactone
Identifiers
3D model (JSmol)
ChemSpider
Properties
C32H24O10
Molar mass 568.53 g·mol−1
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
Infobox references

Xylindein is a quinone pigment, a dimeric naphthoquinone derivative. It is produced by fungi from genus Chlorociboria. This pigment causes green staining of wood infected by the fungi.

Etymology[edit]

This pigment was firstly extracted in 1868 by Paul Thénard from wood and resembled indigo, so he called it xylindéine. Combination of xyl- (wood) and indé (indigo) + -ine.[1][2]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Xylindein at Merriam-Webster dictionary
  2. ^ Thenard, Paul; Alphonse Rommier (1868). "Sur un nouvelle matière colorante appelée xylindeine et extraite de certains bois morts". Comptes rendus hebdomadaires des séances de l’Académie des sciences (in French). Paris. 66: 108–109. ISSN 0001-4036. 

External links[edit]

  • Media related to Xylindein at Wikimedia Commons