Xylophanes cosmius

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Xylophanes cosmius
Xylophanes cosmius MHNT CUT 2010 0 58 Bolivia Male dorsal.jpg
Xylophanes cosmius Dorsal male MHNT
Xylophanes cosmius MHNT CUT 2010 0 58 Bolivia Male ventral.jpg
Xylophanes cosmius Ventral male MHNT
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Clade: Euarthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Lepidoptera
Family: Sphingidae
Genus: Xylophanes
Species: X. cosmius
Binomial name
Xylophanes cosmius
Rothschild & Jordan, 1906[1]
  • Xylophanes agilis Closs, 1916

Xylophanes cosmius is a moth of the family Sphingidae. It is found from Ecuador, Peru and Bolivia to western Brazil.[2]

The wingspan is 40–45 mm. It is similar to Xylophanes amadis, but the outer margin of the forewing is scalloped and more excavate below the apex. The abdomen is lacking subdorsal lines of spots on the posterior margins of the tergites and the lateral patches at the base of the abdomen are more poorly defined. The forewing upperside has the same general pattern but the discal spot is more conspicuous since it is surrounded by a small paler area. Furthermore, the darker cloud distal to discal spot is smaller, subtriangular and more well-defined. The fringes are chequered black and white.

There are at least three generations per year in Peru with adults on wing from January to February, July and October.

The larvae probably feed on Rubiaceae and Malvaceae species.


  1. ^ "CATE Creating a Taxonomic eScience - Sphingidae". Cate-sphingidae.org. Archived from the original on 2012-11-02. Retrieved 2011-10-25. 
  2. ^ "Silkmoths". Silkmoths.bizland.com. Archived from the original on November 12, 2011. Retrieved 2011-10-25.