From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Xymalos monospora, jong loot, Louwsburg.jpg
New foliage of a tree in South Africa
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Tracheophytes
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Magnoliids
Order: Laurales
Family: Monimiaceae
Genus: Xymalos
X. monospora
Binomial name
Xymalos monospora

Toxicodendron acutifolium Benth.
Paxiodendron ulugurense Engl.
Paxiodendron usambarense Engl.
Xymalos mossambicensis Cavaco
Xymalos ulugurensis (Engl.) Engl.
Xymalos usambarensis (Engl.) Engl.
Xylosma monospora Harv.

Xymalos monospora (plant family Monimiaceae),[2] commonly known as lemonwood, is a species of evergreen tree native to Africa, the only species in the genus Xymalos. It is an Afromontane endemic, and can be found from 900–2700 meters elevation in the highlands of Eastern Africa from Sudan to South Africa, as well as on Mount Cameroon and Bioko in west-central Africa.

Lemonwood is commonly found in escarpment forest and regenerated scrub. Its leaves have a strong lemon scent when crushed. Fragrant yellow flowers appear in spring and are followed by small green capsules that take about a year to ripen.



  1. ^ Botanic Gardens Conservation International (BGCI) & IUCN SSC Global Tree Specialist Group (2020). "Xymalos monospora". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 2020: e.T146457882A146457884. Retrieved July 11, 2020.
  2. ^ "Xymalos Baill". Plants of the World Online. The Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. n.d. Retrieved July 8, 2020.
  • Media related to Xymalos at Wikimedia Commons
  • Data related to Xymalos at Wikispecies