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Xyrichtys martinicensis.jpg
Rosy razorfish (X. martinicensis)
Xyrichtys novacula.jpg
Pearly razorfish (X. novacula)
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order: Perciformes
Suborder: Labroidei
Family: Labridae
Genus: Xyrichtys
G. Cuvier, 1814
Type species
Coryphaena novacula
Linnaeus, 1758
  • Hemipteronotus Lacépède, 1801 (officially ruled to not be available)
  • Novacula G. Cuvier, 1815
  • Amorphocephalus S. Bowdich, 1825
  • Xyrula D. S. Jordan, 1890

Xyrichtys is a genus of wrasses native to the Atlantic, Indian and Pacific Oceans, where they are found in sandy-bottomed habitats. They are commonly known as razorfishes, as they are very laterally compressed with a sharp bony ridge at the front of their heads. This adaptation allows them to burrow very quickly into the sand at any sign of danger.


The 12 currently recognized species in this genus are:[1]



  1. ^ Froese, Rainer, and Daniel Pauly, eds. (2013). Species of Xyrichtys in FishBase. October 2013 version.