Yūgumo-class destroyer

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Naganami
Naganami in June 1942.
Class overview
Name: Yūgumo-class destroyer
Builders:
Operators: Naval Ensign of Japan.svg Imperial Japanese Navy
Preceded by: Kagerō class
Succeeded by: Matsu class
Built: 1940–1944
In commission: 1941–1945
Planned: 14 (1939) + 16 (1941) + 8 (1942)
Completed: 19
Cancelled: 19
Lost: 19
General characteristics
Displacement:
  • 2,077 tons standard,
  • 2,520 tons battle condition
Length:
  • 119.03 m (390 ft 6 in) overall,
  • 117.00 m (383 ft 10 in) waterline
Beam: 10.80 m (35 ft 5 in)
Draft: 3.76 m (12 ft 4 in)
Propulsion:
  • 3 × Kampon water tube boilers,
  • 2 × Kanpon impulse geared turbines,
  • 52,000 shp (39 MW), 2 shafts
Speed: 35.5 knots (40.9 mph; 65.7 km/h)
Range: 5,000 nmi (9,300 km) at 18 kn (21 mph; 33 km/h)
Complement: 225 (Yūgumo, 1941)
Armament:

The Yūgumo-class destroyers (夕雲型駆逐艦 Yūgumo-gata kuchikukan?) were a group of 19 destroyers built for the Imperial Japanese Navy during World War II. The IJN called them Destroyer Type-A (甲型駆逐艦, Kō-gata Kuchikukan?) from their plan name. No ships of the class survived the war.

Design and description[edit]

The Yūgumo class was a repeat of the preceding Kagerō class with minor improvements that increased their anti-aircraft capabilities. Their crew numbered 228 officers and enlisted men. The ships measured 119.17 meters (391 ft 0 in) overall, with a beam of 10.8 meters (35 ft 5 in) and a draft of 3.76 meters (12 ft 4 in).[1] They displaced 2,110 metric tons (2,080 long tons) at standard load and 2,560 metric tons (2,520 long tons) at deep load.[2] The ships had two Kampon geared steam turbines, each driving one propeller shaft, using steam provided by three Kampon water-tube boilers. The turbines were rated at a total of 52,000 shaft horsepower (39,000 kW) for a designed speed of 35 knots (65 km/h; 40 mph).[3]

The main armament of the Yūgumo class consisted of six Type 3 127-millimeter (5.0 in) guns in three twin-gun turrets, one superfiring pair aft and one turret forward of the superstructure.[2] The guns were able to elevate up to 75° to increase their ability against aircraft, but their slow rate of fire, slow traversing speed, and the lack of any sort of high-angle fire-control system meant that they were virtually useless as anti-aircraft guns.[4] They were built with four Type 96 25-millimeter (1.0 in) anti-aircraft guns in two twin-gun mounts, but more of these guns were added over the course of the war. The ships were also armed with eight 610-millimeter (24.0 in) torpedo tubes in a two quadruple traversing mounts; one reload was carried for each tube. Their anti-submarine weapons comprised two depth charge throwers for which 36 depth charges were carried.[2]

Ships in class[edit]

Ship # Ship Builder Laid down Launched Completed Fate
115 Akigumo (秋雲?) Built as part of the Kagerō class
116 Yūgumo (夕雲?) Maizuru Naval Arsenal 12-06-1940 16-03-1941 05-12-1941 Sunk 06-10-1943
117 Makigumo (巻雲?) Fujinagata Shipbuilding Yard 13-12-1940 05-11-1941 14-03-1942 Sunk 01-02-1943
118 Kazagumo (風雲?) Uraga Dock Company 23-12-1940 26-09-1941 28-03-1942 Sunk 08-06-1944
119 Naganami (長波?) Fujinagata Shipbuilding Yard 05-04-1941 05-03-1941 30-06-1942 Sunk 11-11-1944
120 Makinami (巻波?) Maizuru Naval Arsenal 11-04-1941 27-12-1941 08-08-1942 Sunk 25-11-1943
121 Takanami (高波?) Uraga Dock Company 29-05-1941 16-03-1942 31-08-1942 Sunk 30-11-1942
122 Ōnami (大波?) Fujinagata Shipbuilding Yard 15-11-1941 13-08-1942 29-12-1942 Sunk 25-11-1943
123 Kiyonami (清波?) Uraga Dock Company 15-10-1941 17-08-1942 25-01-1943 Sunk 20-07-1943
124 Tamanami (玉波?) Fujinagata Shipbuilding Yard 16-03-1942 26-12-1942 30-04-1943 Sunk 07-07-1944
126 Suzunami (涼波?) Uraga Dock Company 27-03-1942 26-12-1942 27-07-1943 Sunk 11-11-1943
127 Fujinami (藤波?) Fujinagata Shipbuilding Yard 25-08-1942 20-04-1943 31-07-1943 Sunk 27-10-1944
128
129
The dummy for the naval budget of the Yamato-class battleships
340 Hayanami (早波?) Maizuru Naval Arsenal 15-01-1942 19-12-1942 31-07-1943 Sunk 7-06-1944
341 Hamanami (濱波?) Maizuru Naval Arsenal 28-04-1942 18-04-1943 15-10-1943 Sunk 11-11-1944
342 Okinami (沖波?) Maizuru Naval Arsenal 05-08-1942 18-07-1943 10-12-1943 Sunk 13 November 1944
343 Kishinami (岸波?) Uraga Dock Company 29-08-1942 19-08-1943 03-12-1943 Sunk 04-12-1944
344 Asashimo (朝霜?) Fujinagata Shipbuilding Yard 21-01-1943 18-07-1943 27-11-1943 Sunk 07-04-1945
345 Hayashimo (早霜?) Maizuru Naval Arsenal 20-01-1943 20-10-1943 20-02-1944 Sunk 26-10-1944
346 Akishimo (秋霜?) Fujinagata Shipbuilding Yard 03-05-1943 05-12-1943 11-03-1944 Sunk 13-11-1944
347 Kiyoshimo (清霜?) Uraga Dock Company 16-03-1943 29-02-1944 15-05-1944 Sunk 26-12-1944
348
349
350
351
352
353
354
355
Umigiri (海霧?)
Yamagiri (山霧?)
Tanigiri (谷霧?)
Kawagiri (川霧?)
Taekaze (妙風?)
Kiyokaze (清風?)
Satokaze (里風?)
Murakaze (村風?)
Cancelled on 11-08-1943
5041
5042
5043
5044
5045
5046
5047
5048
Yamasame (山雨?)
Akisame (秋雨?)
Natsusame (夏雨?)
Hayasame (早雨?)
Takashio (高潮?)
Akishio (秋潮?)
Harushio (春潮?)
Wakashio (若潮?)
Kai-Yūgumo class
Cancelled on 11-08-1943

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Chesneau, p. 195
  2. ^ a b c Whitley, p. 203
  3. ^ Jentschura, Jung & Mickel, p. 150
  4. ^ Campbell, p. 192

References[edit]

  • Campbell, John (1985). Naval Weapons of World War II. Annapolis, Maryland: Naval Institute Press. ISBN 0-87021-459-4. Campbell, John (1985). Naval Weapons of World War II. Annapolis, Maryland: Naval Institute Press. ISBN 0-87021-459-4. 
  • Chesneau, Roger, ed. (1980). Conway's All the World's Fighting Ships 1922–1946. Greenwich, UK: Conway Maritime Press. ISBN 0-85177-146-7. 
  • Jentschura, Hansgeorg; Jung, Dieter & Mickel, Peter (1977). Warships of the Imperial Japanese Navy, 1869–1945. Annapolis, Maryland: United States Naval Institute. ISBN 0-87021-893-X. 
  • Whitley, M. J. (1988). Destroyers of World War 2. Annapolis, Maryland: Naval Institute Press. ISBN 0-87021-326-1. 
  • "Rekishi Gunzō". , History of Pacific War Vol.51 The truth of Imperial Japanese Vessels Histories 2, Gakken (Japan), August 2005, ISBN 4-05-604083-4
  • Collection of writings by Sizuo Fukui Vol.5, Stories of Japanese Destroyers, Kōjinsha (Japan) 1993, ISBN 4-7698-0611-6
  • Model Art Extra No.340, Drawings of Imperial Japanese Naval Vessels Part-1, Model Art Co. Ltd. (Japan), October 1989, Book code 08734-10
  • The Maru Special, Japanese Naval Vessels No.41 Japanese Destroyers I, Ushio Shobō (Japan), July 1980, Book code 68343-42

External links[edit]