Y-DNA haplogroups by populations of the Caucasus

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Listed here are notable groups and ethnic groups from Caucasus by human Y-chromosome DNA haplogroups based on relevant studies. The samples are taken from individuals identified with the ethnic and linguistic designations in the first two columns, the third column gives the sample size studied, and the other columns give the percentage of the particular haplogroup. (IE = Indo-European, NEC = Northeast Caucasian, NWC = Northwest Caucasian)

Population Language n E1b1b G I J1 J2 L R1a R1b R2a T Others Reference
Abazinians NWC (Abkhaz-Ubykh) 14 0 29 0 F* 7 K 14 0 0 K K[xP]=14[1]
C*=7 (1/14)
F[xI,G,J2,K]=29
Nasidze 2004a[2]
Abazins NWC (Abkhaz-Ubykh) 88 4.5 40.9 I2*=1.1
I2a=2.3
J1*=2.3
J1e=3.4
M67=1.1
other=10.2
L2=2.3 23.9 3.4 1.1 0.0 Q=3.4 Yunusbayev 2012[3]
Abkhaz NWC (Abkhaz-Ubykh) 12 0 0 33 0 25 0 33.0 8 0 0 Nasidze 2004a[2]
Abkhaz NWC (Abkhaz-Ubykh) 58 1.7 P18=12.1
P303=20.7
other=24.1
0 0 J2*=5.2
J2-M67=8.6
L2=3.4 10.3 12.1 NT 1.7 Balanovsky 2011[4]
Adygei (Kabardin) NWC (Adigei) 59 0 28.8 10.2 F 11.9 K 1.7 1.7 0 K F[xG,I,J2,K]=23.7
K[xP]=15.3
P[xR1,R2]=6.8
Nasidze 2004a[2]
Adygei (Kabardin) NWC (Adygei) 140 2.1 43.6 I1=1.4
I2*=0.7
I2a=2.1
J1e=2.8
J1*=6.4
M67=5.7
J2a*=9.3
J2b=0.7
L3=0.7 15.0 3.6 0.0 0.7 C=2.1, H=0.7
N1c=1.4, Q=0.7
Yunusbayev 2012[3]
Adygei/
"Circassians"[a]
NWC (Adygei) 0.0[5] 31.3[6] I*=1.4
I2a=2.9[7]
various
Adygei/
("Adygea")
NWC (Adygei) 154 0.6 47.4 I2*=1.3
I2a=3.2
J1e=1.3
J1*=1.9
M67=3.2
J2a*=5.8
J2b=1.9
L2=1.9
L1=0.6
14.3 7.1 0.0 0.0 C=2.6
N=0.6
Yunusbayev 2012[3]
Adygei(Shapsugs) NWC (Adygei) 106 81.1 Dibirova 2009[6]
Adygei (Shapsugs) NWC (Adygei) 100 1.0 P303=86.0
other=1.0
0 0 6.0 L*=2.0 4.0 0 NT 0 Balanovsky 2011[4]
Adygei
("Cherkess")[b]
NWC (Adygei) 142 1.4 P16=9.2
P303=29.6
other=1.4
I*=0.7 J1e=0.7
J1*=4.9
J2-M67=7.7
J2b=0.7
other=13.4
L1=0.7 19.7 4.9 NT 0.7 N1*=1.4
N1c1=2.1
Q=0.7
Balanovsky 2011[4]
Adygei
("Cherkess")
NWC (Adygei) 126 0.8 45.2 I1=0.8
I2b=0.8
J1e=4.0
J1*=0.8
M67=13.5
other=11.1
0.0 15.1 1.6 0.8 0.0 C=0.8, K*=1.6
N1c1=2.4, Q=0.8
Yunusbayev 2012[3]
Andis NEC (Avar-Andic, Andic) 49 2.0 6.1 I1=2.0
I2a=24.5
J1*=36.7 M67=14.3
other=4.1
0.0 2.0 6.1 0.0 2.0 Yunusbayev 2006[3][8]
Armenians IE (Armenian) 89 3.4 29.2 5.6 24.7 3.4 Rosser 2000[9]
Armenians IE (Armenian) 47 4.3 F* 4.3 F* 21.3 4.3 8.5 36.2 0 6.4 F[xI,J2,K]=12.8
N=2
Wells 2001[10]
Armenians IE (Armenian) 100 6.0 11.0 5.0 F 24.0 K 6.0 19.0 2.0 4.0[1] F[xI,G,J2,K]=18.0
K[xT,P]=3.0[1]
P[xR1a,R1b,R2]=2.0
Nasidze 2004a[2]
Armenians IE (Armenian) 734 5.4 5.3 32.4 1.6 Weale 2001[11]
Armenians
(TOTAL)
IE (Armenian) 413 5.1 P16= 0.5
G2a*= 8.2
G1=0.7
I2= 3.6 J1e= 4.4
J*=6.3
M67= 10.7
J2a* = 13.3
J2b= 1.5
1.9 1.7 29.1 4.6 8.5 N=0.2
Q=0.2
Herrara2012
Armenians
(Ararat Valley)
IE (Armenian) 110 5.5 P16=0
G2a*=9.1
G1=1.8
I2=2.7 J1e=6.4
J1*=8.2
M67=12.7
J2a*=10.0
J2b=0.9
0.9 0.9 37.3 0.0 3.6 0.0 Herrara2012
Armenians (Sason) IE (Armenian) 104 2.9 P16= 1.9
G2a*=10.6
0.0 J1e= 2.9
J1* = 6.7
M67= 7.7
J2a* = 9.6
J2b = 0
3.8 1.0 15.4 17.3 20.2 Herrara2012
Avars NEC (Avar-Andic, Avar) 42 7.1 0.0 0.0 66.7 4.8 9.5 2.4 2.4 2.4 4.8 Yunusbayev 2006[8]
Avars NEC (Avar-Andic, Avar) 115 0.0 P18=.9
P303=9.6
I*=.9
I2a=.9
J1e=.9
J1*=58.3
M67=.9
other=5.2
L2=2.6 1.7 14.8 .9 0.0 N=1.7 Balanovsky 2011[4]
Avars
(West)[c]
NEC (Avar-Andic) 20 0 G[xG1,G2a,
G2b]=5
0 J1*=60
J1e=20
10 0 0 5 Caciagli 2009[12]
Azeris
(Azerbaijan)
Altaic (Turkic)[d] 72 5.6 18.1 2.8 F 30.6 6.9[1] 6.9 11.1 2.8 4.2[1] F[xG,I,J2,K]=11 Nasidze 2004a[2]
Azerbaijanis Altaic (Turkic)[d] v 4.1[5] 15.2[13] 23.9[13] various
Bagvalins NEC (Avar-Andic, Andic) 28 0.0 0.0 I2b1=7.1 21.4 0.0 0.0 3.6 67.9 0.0 0.0 Yunusbayev 2006[8]
Balkars Altaic (Turkic)[e] 38 2.6 28.9 I2*=2.6 0 M67=5.3
J2b=2.6
other=15.8
L2=5.3 13.2 13.2 7.9 0.0 H=2.6 Battaglia 2009[14]
Chamalins NEC (Avar-Andic, Andic) 27 0.0 18.5 0.0 66.7 3.7 3.7 7.4 0.0 0.0 0.0 Yunusbayev 2006[8]
Chechens
(East Chechnya)
NEC (Nakh) 19 0 5 0 F 26 5 5 0 16 5[1] F[xG,I,J2,K]=32 Nasidze 2004a[2]
Akki Chechens[f] NEC (Nakh) 20 0 5 0 60 25 10 0 0 NT 0 Caciagli 2009[12]
Chechens Total[g] NEC (Nakh) 330 0.0 P18=3.0
P303=2.4
I2=.3 J1*=20.9 M67=55.2
J2b=.3
other=1.2
L3=7.0 3.9 1.8 3.3 0.0 Balanovsky 2011[4]
Chechens (Achxoi-Martan, Chechnya) NEC (Nakh) 118 0 P303=0.8 I2=0.8 J1*=24.6 M67=56.8
other=0.8
L3=6.8 2.5 3.4 3.4 0 Balanovsky 2011[4]
Chechens
(Malgobek, Ingushetia)
NEC (Nakh) 112 0 P18=3.6
P303=5.4
0 21.4 M67=50.9
J2b=0.9
other=1.8
L3=0.9 8.0 0.9 6.3 0 Balanovsky 2011[4]
Chechens
(mainly Akkis, in Dagestan)
NEC (Nakh) 100 0 P18=6.0
P303=1.0
0 16.0 M67=58.0
other=1.0
L3=14.0 1.0 1.0 0 0 N=2.0 Balanovsky 2011[4]
Dargins NEC (Dargin) 68 0 2.9 0 91.2 2.9 0.0 0.0 2.9 0.0 0.0 Yunusbayev 2006[8]
Dargins NEC (Dargin) 26 4 4 58 see F 4 0 0 4 0 0 F[xG,I,J2,K]=27 Nasidze 2004a[2]
Dargins (Dargwa) NEC (Dargin) 101 0 P303=1.0
other=1
0 J1*=69.3
J1e=1
M67=1.0 0 21.8 2.0 0 0 O3=3 Balanovsky 2011[4]
Dargins (Kaitaks) NEC (Dargin) 33 0 0 0 J1*=84.8 3.3 0 3.3 6.7 3.3 0 Balanovsky 2011[4]
Dargins (Kubachis) NEC (Dargin) 65 0 0 I2a=1.5 J1*=98.5 0 0 0 0 0 0 Balanovsky 2011[4]
Georgians SC (Karto-Zan) 63 2.0 30.1 0.0 J=36.5 1.6 7.9 14.3 6.3 1.6 Semino 2000[15]
Georgians SC (Karto-Zan) 66 3.0 31.8 I1*=1.5 4.5 M67=18.2
other=13.6
L3=1.6 10.6 9.1 4.5 1.6 Battaglia 2009[14]
Georgians SC (Karto-Zan) 77 2.6 31.2 3.9 F 20.8 2.6[1] 10.4 10.4 1.3 2.6[1] K[xP]=2.6
P[xR1,R2]=2.6
F[xG,I,J2,K]=14.3
Nasidze 2004a[2]
Svans SC (Svan) 25 0 F* 0 F* 0 0 8 0 0 0 F[xG,I,J2,K]= 92% Wells 2001[10]
Georgians (Kazbegis) SC (Karto-Zan)[h] 25 0 F 4 F 72 0 4 8 0 0 F[xG,I,J2,K]=12 Wells 2001[10]
Ingush NEC (Nakh) 143 0 P18=1.4 0.7 2.8 M67=87.4
other=1.4
L3=2.8 3.5 0 NT 0 Balanovsky 2011[4]
Ingush NEC (Nakh) 22 0 5.0 5 32 5 0 0 0 0 F[xG,I,J2,K]=27
P[xR1,R2]=4.5(1/22)
Nasidze 2004a[2]
Kumyks Altaic (Turkic)[e] 76 2.6 11.8 0.0 21.1 25.0 0.0 13.2 19.7 3.9 1.3 J*=1.3
O=1.3
Yunusbayev 2006[8]
Laks NEC (Lak) 21 9.5 4.8 14.3 42.9 14.3 0.0 9.5 4.8 0.0 0.0 Caciagli 2009[12]
Lezgins (Azerbaijan) NEC (Lezgic) 12 17 F* 0 F* 0 8 17 0 F[xI,J2,K]=58 Wells 2001[10]
Lezgins (Dagestan) NEC (Lezgic) 25 0 36 0 F* 0 NT 0 4 0 K* F[xI,G,J2,K]=32
K[xR]=28
Nasidze 2003[1]
Lezgins NEC (Lezgic) 31 6.5 9.7 9.7 58.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 16.1 0.0 0.0 Yunusbayev 2006[8]
Lezgins (Axtynskiy District) NEC (Lezgic) 81 1.2 13.5
(P18=1.2%)
0 44.4 J1* 2.5 1.2 L2 3.7 29.6 0 2.5 1.2 N1c1 Balanovsky 2011[4]
Nogai Altaic (Turkic) 77 0 0 0 2.6 10.4 0 9.1 0  ? 0 C=10.4
N=16.3
Yunusbayev 2006[8]
Ossetes IE (Iranian, NE) 47 6.4 J=34.0 2.1 42.6 Rosser 2000[9]
North Ossetians IE (Iranian, NE) 129 0 57.4 10.1 F* 14.0 –- 0.8 0.8 1.6 K* F[xI,G,J2,K]=3.9
K[xP]=9.3
P[xR1,R2]=2.3
Nasidze 2004b[16]
North Ossetians (Iron) IE (Iranian, NE) 230 0.4 P16=73.0
P303=1.3
0 1.3 M67=11.3
other=7.0
L2=0.9 0.4 3.0 NT 0 N=0.4
Q=0.9
Balanovsky 2011[4]
North Ossetians (Digor) IE (Iranian, NE) 127 0.8 P16=55.9
P303=4.7
0 3.9 M67=5.5
other=6.3
L1=0.8 0.8 16.5 NT 0.8 Q=3.9 Balanovsky 2011[4]
Russians (Adygea IE (Slavic, East) 78 24.4 Rootsi 2004[7]
Rutuls NEC (Lezgic) 24 0.0 37.5 0.0 F 4.2 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 F[xG,I,J2,K]=58 Nasidze 2004a[2]
Tabassarans NEC (Lezgic) 43 0.0 0.0 0.0 48.8 2.3 0.0 2.3 39.5 0.0 0.0 C=7.0 Yunusbayev 2006[8]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ despite the fact that Shapsugs were also technically "Circassian", Dibirova labels this population "Circassians". In Rootsi, they are called "Adygei", or some variation of the word.
  2. ^ These are labeled "Circassians" (at least in the English version), but the sample was taken from the Karacheyo-Cherkess Republic, so they are labeled "Cherkess" here.
  3. ^ This is significant, as in Western Avaria, where the population was sampled, there are large number of non-Avars- Andic and Dido peoples- who are in fact ethnically misclassified as Avars by the Dagestani census.
  4. ^ a b Azeris speak an Oghuz Turkic language, but they are thought to be descended from either Lezgic-speaking Caucasian peoples, Iranian-speaking peoples, or both. See Origin of the Azeris for more information.
  5. ^ a b These groups speak Turkic languages, but are theorized by many to be descended from non-Turkic peoples (variously Circassian-like peoples, Nakh peoples or Scythians/Sarmatians) who were linguistically Turkified
  6. ^ Dagestani Chechens; Caciagli's study[12] may not be authoritative for this population because she took it from a highly multiethnic region of Dagestan, with Laks, Chechens, Kumyks and Avars all mixed together at high densities, possibly accounting for the high J1 value.
  7. ^ Made by combining the Malgobek, Achkoi-Martan and Khasavyurt Chechen populations
  8. ^ Although the Kazbegi Georgians speak Georgian, and have most likely done so for centuries, it is theorized by some that their (possible) ancestors, the Tzanars, who inhabited the region in Medieval and Ancient times, were a Nakh-speaking people, like Chechens and Ingush, possibly accounting for their large frequencies of J2

References[edit]

Sources[edit]

External links[edit]