Y-DNA haplogroups in populations of Oceania

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Listed here are notable ethnic groups and native populations from the Oceania (Pacific Islands and Australia) by human Y-chromosome DNA haplogroups based on relevant studies.

Population Language n C2 C K M O S Others Reference
Australian Aboriginal peoples Australian Aboriginal languages 108 0 C*=6
C4=60.2
22.2 0 0.9 0 R=8, F=3 Hudjashov 2007[1]
Arnhem Land peoples Arnhem Land languages 60 0 C4=63.3 30.0 0 0 0 5.0 Kayser 2002[2]
Western Desert peoples Wati languages 35 0 C4=68.7 17.1 0 3.0 0 8.6 Kayser 2002[2]
Bali Austronesian 551 -- 1.8 1.1 0.7 83.8 0.4 12.2 Karafet 2005[3]
Bougainville Oceanic, Papuan 75 1.3 -- 36.0 41.3 14.7 1.3 F=5.3 Scheinfeldt 2006[4]
Cook Polynesian 70 83.3 -- 7.5 0 4.6 0 R=2.8 Cox 2006[5]
Fiji Fijian–Polynesian 55 -- 3 41 15 15 -- Capelli 2001[6]
Fiji Fijian–Polynesian 107 21.5 0.9 25.2 35.5 13.1 0 3.7 Kayser 2006[7]
Flores Austronesian 71 39.4 23.9 11.3 2.8 8.5 12.7 NO=1.4 Mona 2009[8]
French Polynesia Polynesian 87 -- 53 8 0 37 -- Capelli 2001[6]
East Indonesia Austronesian, Papuan 344 47.7 14.2 10.5 4.4 11.6 11.0 0.6 Mona 2009[8]
Maori Polynesian 54 42.6 -- 1.9 -- 5.6 -- 51.9 Underhill 2001[9]
Melanesia Papuan, Oceanic 342 -- 17.2 32.5 25.4 6.4 -- -- Capelli 2001[6]
Melanesia Papuan, Oceanic 400 12.5 0.2 8.7 57.0 8.7 12.5 0.2 Kayser 2006[7]
Melanesia Oceanic, Papuan 1272 -- 9.4 33.1 42.1 7.4 6.2 1.9 Scheinfeldt 2006[4]
Micronesia Micronesian
Polynesian
32 -- 18.7 65.6 0 9.4 -- 6.2 Hurles 2005[10]
Moluccas Papuan 34 14.7 8.8 17.6 20.6 17.7 20.6 0 Kayser 2002[2]
New Britain Oceanic, Papuan 395 2.3 0 K*=23.5
K3=23.3
39.0 7.1 4.6 0 Scheinfeldt 2006[4]
New Guinea Papuan, Austronesian 439 24.6 0.2 12.5 48.7 2.0 11.6 0.2 Mona 2007[11]
Eastern New Guinea Papuan 62 12.9 1.6 11.3 32.2 6.4 33.8 1.6 Kayser 2002[2]
Western New Guinea Papuan 183 16.9 -- 5.5 76.0 0.5 1.1 0 Kayser 2002[2]
New Ireland Oceanic, Papuan 109 8.3 0 29.4 48.6 8.3 5.5 0 Scheinfeldt 2006[4]
PNG coast Papuan 56 28.6 1.8 16.1 23.2 5.4 23.2 1.8 Scheinfeldt 2006[4]
PNG highlands Papuan 38 3 0 10 32 3 53 0 Scheinfeldt 2006[4]
PNG islands Oceanic, Papuan 685 4.5 0 K*=21.9
K3=18.1
41.3 7.4 6.0 0 Scheinfeldt 2006[4]
Polynesia Polynesian 282 -- 53.5 4.6 1.4 26.6 -- 13.8 Scheinfeldt 2006[4]
Polynesia Polynesian 441 37.2 0.2 17.9 11.6 27.9 0.2 5.0 Kayser 2006[7]
Samoa Polynesian 25 -- 60 4 0 36 -- 0 Hurles 2005[10]
Samoa Polynesian 62 61.3 -- 3.2 3.2 25.8 1.6 4.8 Kayser 2006[7]
Solomon Oceanic 32 0 0 59.4 9.4 28.1 3.1 0 Cox 2006[5]
East Timor Austronesian, Papuan 39 61.5 7.7 17.9 7.7 17.9 12.8 -- Mona 2009[8]
Tonga Polynesian 55 -- 23 1 8 60 -- Capelli 2001[6]
Trobriands Oceanic 53 9.4 -- 22.6 30.2 37.7 0 0 Kayser 2002[2]
Tuvalu Polynesian 100 17 -- 36 0 45 0 F=2 Kayser 2006[7]
Vanuatu Oceanic 234 -- 17.5 40.6 29.5 4.3 6.4 R=1.7 Cox 2006[5]
West Papua (province) Papuan, Austronesian 133 44.4 -- 23.3 29.3 3.0 0 0 Mona 2007[11]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Hudjashov, G.; Kivisild, T.; Underhill, P. A.; Endicott, P.; Sanchez, J. J.; Lin, A. A.; Shen, P.; Oefner, P.; Renfrew, C.; Villems, R.; Forster, P. (2007). "Revealing the prehistoric settlement of Australia by Y chromosome and mtDNA analysis". Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. 104 (21): 8726–30. doi:10.1073/pnas.0702928104. PMC 1885570. PMID 17496137.
  2. ^ a b c d e f Kayser, M; Brauer, Silke; Weiss, Gunter; Schiefenhövel, Wulf; Underhill, Peter; Shen, Peidong; Oefner, Peter; Tommaseo-Ponzetta, Mila; Stoneking, Mark (2003). "Reduced Y-Chromosome, but Not Mitochondrial DNA, Diversity in Human Populations from West New Guinea". The American Journal of Human Genetics. 72 (2): 281–302. doi:10.1086/346065. PMC 379223. PMID 12532283.
  3. ^ Karafet, TM; Lansing, JS; Redd, AJ; Reznikova, S; Watkins, JC; Surata, SP; Arthawiguna, WA; Mayer, L; et al. (2005). "Balinese Y-chromosome perspective on the peopling of Indonesia: genetic contributions from pre-neolithic hunter-gatherers, Austronesian farmers, and Indian traders". Human biology; an international record of research. 77 (1): 93–114. doi:10.1353/hub.2005.0030. PMID 16114819.
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h Scheinfeldt, L.; Friedlaender, F; Friedlaender, J; Latham, K; Koki, G; Karafet, T; Hammer, M; Lorenz, J (2006). "Unexpected NRY Chromosome Variation in Northern Island Melanesia". Molecular Biology and Evolution. 23 (8): 1628–41. doi:10.1093/molbev/msl028. PMID 16754639.
  5. ^ a b c Cox, Murray P.; Mirazón Lahr, Marta (2006). "Y-chromosome diversity is inversely associated with language affiliation in paired Austronesian- and Papuan-speaking communities from Solomon Islands". American Journal of Human Biology. 18 (1): 35–50. doi:10.1002/ajhb.20459. PMID 16378340.
  6. ^ a b c d Capelli, C; Wilson, J; Richards, M; Stumpf, M; Gratrix, F; Oppenheimer, S; Underhill, P; Pascali, V; Ko, T; Goldstein, David B. (2001). "A Predominantly Indigenous Paternal Heritage for the Austronesian-Speaking Peoples of Insular Southeast Asia and Oceania". The American Journal of Human Genetics. 68 (2): 432–43. doi:10.1086/318205. PMC 1235276. PMID 11170891.
  7. ^ a b c d e Kayser, M.; Brauer, S; Cordaux, R; Casto, A; Lao, O; Zhivotovsky, LA; Moyse-Faurie, C; Rutledge, RB; et al. (2006). "Melanesian and Asian Origins of Polynesians: mtDNA and Y Chromosome Gradients Across the Pacific". Molecular Biology and Evolution. 23 (11): 2234–44. doi:10.1093/molbev/msl093. PMID 16923821.
  8. ^ a b c Mona, S.; Grunz, K. E.; Brauer, S.; Pakendorf, B.; Castri, L.; Sudoyo, H.; Marzuki, S.; Barnes, R. H.; et al. (2009). "Genetic Admixture History of Eastern Indonesia as Revealed by Y-Chromosome and Mitochondrial DNA Analysis". Molecular Biology and Evolution. 26 (8): 1865–77. doi:10.1093/molbev/msp097. PMID 19414523.
  9. ^ Underhill, Peter A.; Passarino, Giuseppe; Lin, Alice A.; Marzuki, Sangkot; Oefner, Peter J.; Cavalli-Sforza, L. Luca; Chambers, Geoffrey K. (2001). "Maori origins, Y-chromosome haplotypes and implications for human history in the Pacific". Human Mutation. 17 (4): 271–80. doi:10.1002/humu.23. PMID 11295824.
  10. ^ a b Hurles, M; Sykes, B; Jobling, M; Forster, P (2005). "The Dual Origin of the Malagasy in Island Southeast Asia and East Africa: Evidence from Maternal and Paternal Lineages". The American Journal of Human Genetics. 76 (5): 894–901. doi:10.1086/430051. PMC 1199379. PMID 15793703.
  11. ^ a b Mona, S.; Tommaseo-Ponzetta, M.; Brauer, S.; Sudoyo, H.; Marzuki, S.; Kayser, M. (2007). "Patterns of Y-Chromosome Diversity Intersect with the Trans–New Guinea Hypothesis". Molecular Biology and Evolution. 24 (11): 2546–55. doi:10.1093/molbev/msm187. PMID 17846104.

External links[edit]