Y-DNA haplogroups in populations of South Asia

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Listed here are notable groups and populations from South Asia by human Y-chromosome DNA haplogroups based on relevant studies. The samples are taken from individuals identified with linguistic designations (IE=Indo-European, Dr=Dravidian, AA=Austro-Asiatic, ST=Sino-Tibetan), the third column gives the sample size studied, and the other columns give the percentage of the particular haplogroup.

Note: The converted frequencies from some old studies conducted in the first decade of the 21st century may lead to unsubstantial frequencies below. Table below has been sorted in alphabetical order based on the name of the population.

Population Language n C DE E F G H I J K L N O P Q R R1 R1a R1b R2 T Others Reference
Afghanistan (North) IE 44 0 0 0 0 4.6 0 0 4.6 0 25.1 0 0 0 4.5 0 0 50.0 0 11.4 0 Lacau2012[1]
Afghanistan (South) IE 146 3.5 0 0 0 9 4.1 0 6.9 0 4.8 0 0 0 2.8 0 0 65.8 0.7 2.8 0 Lacau2012[1]
Andhra Pradesh Tribals (India) Dr 29 0 10.3 3.4 34.5 3.4 0 6.9 6.9 0 0 27.6 0 6.9 0 Fornarino2009[2]
Balochi (Pakistan) IE 25 8 4 16 24 8 20 8 12 Sengupta2006[3]
Baluchi (Afghanistan) IE 13 7.7 69.3 7.7 15.4 Haber2012[4]
Bengalis (Bangladesh) IE 42 7.14 4.72 35.71 11.9 4.76 9.52 2.38 21.43 7.14 Poznik2016[5]
Bhargavas (India) IE 96 6.3 4.2 16.7 6.3 4.2 2.1 4.2 22.9 1 32.3 Zhao2009[6]
Bihar Paswan (India) IE 27 3.7 11.11 14.81 3.7 7.41 3.7 3.7 11.11 40.74 Sharma2009[7]
Bihar Brahmins (India) IE 38 2.63 2.63 5.26 13.16 5.26 5.26 60.53 5.26 Sharma2009[7]
Brahmins (India) IE 118 10.2 2.5 1.7 11.9 11.9 1.7 2.5 4.2 3.4 28 1.7 20.3 Zhao2009[6]
Brahui (Pakistan) Dr 25 4 16 4 28 8 4 24 12 Sengupta2006[3]
Burusho (Pakistan) Isolate (Burushaski) 97 8.2 1 1 4.1 8.2 16.5 3.1 1 2.1 27.9 14.4 0 Firasat2006[8]
Chamar (India) IE 18 5.6 44.4 38.9 11.1 Sengupta2006[3]
Chaturvedis (India) (India) IE 88 9.1 3.4 6.8 12.5 4.5 2.3 2.3 3.4 23.9 31.8 Zhao2009[6]
Chenchu (India) Dr 41 4.9 36.6 7.3 14.6 26.8 2.4 7.3 Kivisild2003[9]
Dawoodi Bohra (Gujarat) (India) IE 50 2 4 26 8 6 8 30 16 Eaaswarkhanth2009[10]
Dawoodi Bohra (Tamil Nadu) (India) IE 26 38.5 7.7 53.9 Eaaswarkhanth2009[10]
Gujarat Bhils (India) IE 22 9.09 27.27 18.18 18.18 9.09 18.18 Sharma2009[7]
Gujarat Brahmins (India) IE 64 3.33 3.33 10.94 1.56 15.63 3.13 7.81 3.13 9.38 32.81 9.38 Sharma2009[7]
Gujarati Indians (USA) IE 58 20.69 3.45 20.69 8.62 8.62 27.59 1.72 8.62 Poznik2016[5]
Gujaratis (India) IE 29 17.2 13.8 20.7 10.4 3.5 3.5 24.1 3.5 3.5 Kivisild2003[9]
Hazara (Afghanistan) IE 60 33.3 5 3.3 3.3 3.33 26.7 1.7 1.7 1.7 6.7 6.7 B=5 M=1.7 Haber2012[4]
Hazara (Pakistan) IE 25 40 4 4 8 8 32 4 Sengupta2006[3]
Himachal Brahmin (India) IE 19 5.26 15.79 10.53 5.26 5.26 5.26 47.37 5.26 Sharma2009[7]
India IE, Dr, AA, ST 728 1.8 5.2 1.2 26.4 9.3 18.7 23.9 0 0.4 27.3 0.5 9.3 0 Sengupta2006[3]
India IE, Dr, AA, ST 1152 1.4 3 0.1 23 9.1 17.5 18 2.7 28.3 0.5 13.5 3.1 Trivedi2007[11]
India IE, DR, AA, ST 1,615 1.3 Sharma2007[12]
India (Central) IE, Dr 50 0 4 2 20 4 4 8 0 0 50 0 6 0 Sahoo2006[13]
India (East) IE, AA, Dr 367 0.8 2.7 0 19.3 4.1 1.9 20.7 2.7 0 23.2 15.5 3.8 Sahoo2006[13]
India (West) IE 204 5.4 0.5 0 33.3 11.3 11.8 0 2.5 0 35 6.4 0.5 Sahoo2006[13]
India (North) IE, ST 180 0 1.1 0.6 24.5 7.8 1.7 2.3 0 48.9 0.6 11.1 0 Trivedi2007[11]
India (Northeast) ST 108 0 0 0 0.9 0 0 79.7 4.6 1.9 0 0 0 Trivedi2007[11]
India (S. Gujarat tribals) IE 284 8.5 4.2 0 40.1 10.2 2.8 3.2 0 0 2.8 18.7 0 9.5 0 Khurana2014[14]
India (South) Dr 372 1.9 4 0 27.5 19.7 10.8 0 1.6 26.7 1.3 21.5 5.1 Trivedi2007[11]
India Shia (India) IE 161 3.7 1.9 5.6 5 8.6 28.7 0.6 5 3.7 27.9 9.3 Eaaswarkhanth2009[10]
Indian Dravidians Dr 353 1.7 9.3 2.3 32.9 19.7 11.6 13.6 0.3 26.7 0.3 6.2 Sengupta2006[3]
Indian Indo-Europeans IE 205 2.4 2.4 0.5 28.8 11.3 3.9 4.9 1 48.9 1.5 13.7 Sengupta2006[3]
Indian Munda AA 892 4 23.1 3.9 0 57.2 1.8 5.4 4.4 Kumar2007[15]
Indian Sunni (India) IE 129 3.1 2.3 14 20.1 2.3 3.1 1.5 2.3 39.5 11.6 Eaaswarkhanth2009[10]
Indian tribes Dr, IE, AA, ST 505 2.2 2 0.2 21.2 2.6 3.2 40.6 3.2 7.9 1 6.1 4.2 Trivedi2007[11]
Indian Sino-Tibetans ST 87 1.1 0 0 2.3 0 0 86.2 0 4.6 0 5.7 Sengupta2006[3]
Indian Telugus (UK) Dr 60 1.67 26.67 6.67 1.67 1.67 1.67 26.67 20 Poznik2016[5]
India's Lower Castes Dr, IE 261 0.8 4.6 0 27.6 3.1 5.4 0.4 2.3 15.7 0 27.6 4.6 Trivedi2007[11]
India's Middle Castes IE, Dr 175 0.6 5.1 0 21.1 9.7 5.7 0 2.9 26.3 0 18.9 1.7 Trivedi2007[11]
India's Upper Castes IE, Dr 211 0.9 1.9 0 23.3 10 11.4 0 1.9 30.5 0.5 9 0 Trivedi2007[11]
Indo-Aryan Castes (India) IE 29 5.3 0 3.6 0.6 6.5 0 16.6 1.2 11.2 1.2 4.1 40.2 8.9 Cordaux2004[16]
Iranian Shia (India) IE 25 16 8 4 24 28 4 16 Eaaswarkhanth2009[10]
Jats IE 302 1 3.6 3.6 1 9.6 36.8 15.6 28.5 0.3 Mahal2017[17]
J&K Kashmir Gujars (India) IE 49 2.04 4.08 10.2 6.12 8.16 16.33 2 2.04 40.86 8.16 Sharma2009[7]
J&K Kashmiri Pandits (India) IE 51 1.96 3.92 1.96 9.8 9.8 9.8 5.88 5.88 1.96 11.76 23.53 13.73 Sharma2009[7]
Kalash (Pakistan) Isolate Kalasha, IE 44 0 0 18.2 20.5 9.1 25 0 0 0 18.2 0 0 Firasat2006[8]
Kathmandu (Nepal) IE, ST 77 7.8 0 0 11.7 10.4 0 20.8 0 1.3 35.1 0 10.4 0 Gayden2007[18]
Khasi (India) AA 92 10.9 6.5 0 0 72.8 4.4 0 Kumar2007[15]
Kodava (India) Dr 50 2 2 8 16 18 38 16 NI-Shodhganga[19]
Kokanastha Brahmin (India) IE 25 12 28 4 40 20 Sengupta2006[3]
Konkanastha Brahmins (India) IE 43 2.3 2.3 9.3 14 2.3 18.6 41.9 9.3 Kivisild2003[9]
Koraga Tribal (India) Dr 33 0 6.1 0 0 87.9 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 6.1 Cordaux2004[16]
Koya (India) Dr 41 26.8 70.7 2.4 Kivisild2003[9]
Lambadi (India) IE 35 17.1 2.9 8.6 5.7 17.1 2.9 8.6 37.1 Kivisild2003[9]
Madhya Pradesh Brahmins (India) IE 42 2.38 7.14 23.81 7.14 2.38 2.38 4.76 38.1 Sharma2009[7]
Madhya Pradesh Gonds (India) Dr 64 62.5 6.25 6.25 6.25 18.75 Sharma2009[7]
Madhya Pradesh Saharia (India) AA 57 5.27 33.33 3.51 1.75 50.87 5.3 Sharma2009[7]
Maharashtra Brahmins (India) IE 30 3.33 3.33 10 16.67 3.33 10 3.33 3.33 0 43.33 3.33 Sharma2009[7]
Mappila (India) Dr 40 27.5 20 5 10 32.5 5 Eaaswarkhanth2009[10]
Mundari (India) AA 789 3.3 25.4 4.4 0 55 1.5 4.9 Kumar2007[15]
New Delhi Hindus (India) IE 49 0 0 2 18.3 8.1 0 4.1 2 0 6.1 34.7 0 20.4 0 Fornarino2009[2]
Pakistan IE 176 7.4 0 6.2 6.2 15.3 13.1 2.3 3.4 24.4 7.4 7.4 0 Sengupta2006[3]
Pakistan 638 3 0.8 2.7 2.5 20.2 11.6 0.5 0 2.2 37.1 7.8 0 Firasat2006[8]
Pashtun (Afghanistan) IE 49 2 0 6.1 6.1 2 12.2 0 0 18.4 51 0 2 0 Haber2012[4]
Pashtun (Pakistan) IE 96 0 2.1 11.5 4.2 6.2 12.5 5.2 0 5.2 44.8 0 1 Firasat2006[8]
Pathan (Pakistan) IE 21 4.8 9.5 14.3 9.5 9.5 4.8 38.1 9.5 9.5 Sengupta2006[3]
Punjab Brahmin (India) IE 28 3.58 3.57 3.57 21.43 7.14 35.71 25 Sharma2009[7]
Punjabi (India) IE 66 3 4.6 21.2 12.1 47 7.6 4.6 Kivisild2003[9]
Punjabis (Pakistan) IE 48 2.08 8.33 6.25 27.08 4.17 4.17 35.42 12.5 Poznik2016[5]
Rajput (India) IE 29 3.4 3.4 20.7 17.2 6.9 3.4 31 13.8 Sengupta2006[3]
Shia (India) IE 154 9.1 11 3.3 9.7 7.8 19.5 3.3 3.9 2 2 15.6 13 Zhao2009[6]
Sindhi (Pakistan) IE 21 33.3 4.8 4.8 52.4 4.8 Sengupta2006[3]
Sinhalese (Sri Lanka) IE 39 10.3 10.3 10.3 18 12.8 38.5 Kivisild2003[9]
Sri Lanka IE 74 9 15 14 1 19 3 27 12 Mustak2019[20]
Sourashtrians (India) IE, Dr 46 6.5 0 4.4 15.2 0 2.2 0 26.1 2.2 0 39.1 4.3 Cordaux2004[16]
South Indian Tribals (India) Dr, AA 315 8.6 0.6 18.1 0 31.1 0 2.9 7 6.7 6 8.9 4.4 Cordaux2004[16]
South castes (India) Dr 447 5.1 11.9 14.1 0 9.8 5.6 21.9 1.6 1.9 13.6 10.6 Cordaux2004[16]
Sri Lanka IE, Dr 91 3.3 9.9 5.5 25.3 19.8 15.4 1.1 3.3 13.2 Karafet2005[21]
Sri Lankan Tamils (UK) Dr 55 5.45 29.01 14.55 18.19 3.64 27.27 5.45 Poznik2016[5]
Sunni (India) IE 104 7.7 2 5.8 10.6 15.4 2 3.8 2.9 2 28.8 19.2 Zhao2009[6]
Tajik (Afghanistan) IE 56 3.6 5.4 7.1 1.8 17.9 8.9 1.8 8.9 1.8 1.8 30.4 3.6 3.6 3.6 Haber2012[4]
Terai Hindus (Nepal) IE 26 11.5 0 0 3.8 3.8 0 0 3.8 0 0 69.2 0 3.8 0 Fornarino2009[2]
Tharu (Nepal) IE 171 0.6 0 0 25.7 14 2.3 36.8 0 1.2 8.8 0 4.7 0 Fornarino2009[2]
Uttar Pradesh (South) Kols (India) AA 54 11.11 33.34 40.74 14.81 Sharma2009[7]
Uttar Pradesh (South) Gonds (India) Dr 37 59.46 18.92 10.81 2.7 8.11 Sharma2009[7]
Uttar Pradesh Brahmin (India) IE 31 16.13 3.23 3.21 6.46 67.74 3.23 Sharma2009[7]
Uzbek (Afghanistan) IE 17 41.2 5.9 5.9 5.9 5.9 17.6 17.6 Haber2012[4]
West Bengal Brahmins (India) IE 18 5.56 72.22 22.22 Sharma2009[7]
West Bengalis (India) IE 31 3.2 3.2 3.2 9.7 9.7 3.2 38.7 6.5 22.6 Kivisild2003[9]

Y Haplogroup Q distribution of India[7][edit]

India Regions Social Category Linguistic Category No. of Samples No. of Q(xQ5) No. of Q5-ss4 bp -
North(11)
J&K Kashmiri Pandits Caste high IE 51 3
J&K Kashmiri Gujars Tribe IE 61 1(M120)
Uttar Pradesh Brahmin Caste high IE 14 1(M346) (Q4)Sengupta2006[3]
Uttar Pradesh Brahmin Caste high IE 31 1 1
Himachal Rajputs Caste high IE 35 1
Central (8)
Madhya Pradesh Brahmins Caste high IE 42 1 1
Madhya Pradesh Gonds Tribe DR 17 1
Madhya Pradesh Saharia Tribe IE 89 1 2
Halba Tribe IE 21 1(M346) (Q4)Sengupta2006[3]
East(11)
Bihar Brahmins Caste high IE 38 1 1
West(5)
Northeast(7)
South(15)
Yadhava Caste DR 129 3
Vellalar Caste middle DR 31 1(M346) (Q4)Sengupta2006[3]
Total (57 regions) 1,615 16 5

See also[edit]

References[edit]

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External links[edit]