Y-DNA haplogroups in populations of the Near East

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Listed here are notable ethnic groups and populations from Western Asia, North Africa and South Caucasus by human Y-chromosome DNA haplogroups based on relevant studies. The samples are taken from individuals identified with the ethnic and linguistic designations in the first two columns, the third column gives the sample size studied, and the other columns give the percentage of the particular haplogroup. (IE = Indo-European, AA = Afro-Asiatic) Some old studies conducted in the early 2000s regarded several haplogroups as one haplogroup, e.g. I, G and sometimes J were haplogroup 2, so conversion sometimes may lead to unsubstantial frequencies below.

Population Language (if specified) n E(xE1b1b) E1b1b G I  J L N R1a R1b T Reference
Algerians 156 5.7 52.5 0 0 22.4 0 0 0.6 9.6 0 Bekada2013[1]
Arabs (Algeria) AA (Semitic) 35 0 54 0 0 35 0 0 0 13 0 Arredi2004[2]
Arabs (Algeria - Sahara) AA (Semitic) 60 3.3 85 0 0 10 0 0 0 13 0 Bekada2015[3]
Arabs (Algeria - Oran) AA (Semitic) 102 12.8 50.9 0 0 27.4 0 0 1 10.8 0 Robino2008[4]
Arabs (Bedouin) AA (Semitic) 32 0 18.7 0 6.3 65.6 0 0 9.4 0 0 Nebel2001[5]
Arabs (Egypt) AA (Semitic) 147 2.8 36.7 8.8 0.7 32 0 0 2.7 4.1 8.2 Luis2004[6]
Arabs (Iraq) AA (Semitic) 0.9 8.3 0 0 50.6 0 0 0 0 0 Semino2004[7]
Arabs (Tunisia - Djerba) AA (Semitic) 47 0 93.6 0 0 4.3 0 0 0 2.1 0 Manni2005[8]
Arabs (Jordan) AA (Semitic) 146 0 26 4.1 3.4 43.8 0 0 1.4 17.8 0 AbuAmero2009[9]
Arabs (Jordan- Dead Sea) AA (Semitic) 0 31 0 0 9 0 0 0 40 0 Flores2005[10]
Arabs (Kuwait - Bedouin) AA (Semitic) 148 0.6 6 3.4 0 84 0 0 6.7 1.3 0 Mohammad2010[11]
Arabs (Libya) AA (Semitic) 63 0 52 8 1.5 24 1.5 0 1.5 3 5 Immel2006[12]
Arabs (Morocco) AA (Semitic) 49 0 75.5 0 0 20.4 0 0 0 0 0 Semino2004[7]
Arabs (Oman) AA (Semitic) 121 7.4 15.7 1.7 0 47.9 0.8 0 9.1 1.7 8.3 Luis2004[6]
Arabs (Palestine) AA (Semitic) 143 0 20.3 7 6.3 55.2 0 0 1.4 8.4 1.4 Nebel2001[5]
Arabs (Qatar) AA (Semitic) 72 2.8 5.6 2.8 0 66.7 2.8 0 6.9 1.4 0 Cadenas2008[13]
Arabs (Saudi Arabia) AA (Semitic) 157 7.6 7.6 3.2 0 58 1.9 0 5.1 1.9 5.1 AbuAmero2009[9]
Arabs (Syria) AA (Semitic) 20 0 10 0 5 30 0 0 10 15 0 Semino2000[14]
Arabs (Soqotra) AA (Semitic) 63 0 9 [15] 0 0 85.7 0 0 1.6 0 0 Cerny2009[16]
Arabs (Sudan) AA (Semitic) 102 0 16.7 0 3.9 47.1 0 0 0 15.7 0 Hassan2008[17]
Arabs (Tunisia) AA (Semitic) 148 1.4 49.3 0 0 35.8 0 0 0 6.8 0.7 Arredi2004[2]
Arabs (UAE) AA (Semitic) 164 5.5 11.6 4.3 0 45.1 3 0 7.3 4.3 4.9 Cadenas2008[13]
Arabs (Yemen) AA (Semitic) 62 3.2 12.9 1.6 0 82.3 0 0 0 0 0 Cadenas2008[13]
Armenians IE (Armenian) 89 0 3.4 0 0 29.2 0 3.4 5.6 24.7 0 Rosser2000[18]
Armenians IE (Armenian) 100 0 6 11 5 24 0 0 6 19 0 Nasidze2004[19]
Armenians IE (Armenian) 734 0 5.4 0 0 0 1.6 0 5.3 32.4 0 Weale2001[20]
Ashkenazi Jews IE (Germanic) 79 0 22.8 3.8 6.3 43 0 0 12.7 11.4 0 Nebel2001[5]
Ashkenazi Jews IE (Germanic) 442 0.2 19.7 9.7 4.1 38 0.2 0.2 0 0 0 Behar2004[21]
Assyrians (Iran) AA (Semitic) 48 0 4.2 8.3 0 29.2 0 0 8.3 29.2 8.3 Grugni 2012[22]
Azerbaijanis Turkic 72 0 6 18 3 31 0 0 7 11 0 Nasidze2004[19]
Azerbaijanis Turkic 97 0 4.1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Cruciani2004[23]
Baloch IE (Iranian, NW) 25 0 8 0 0 16 24 0 28 8 0 Sengupta2006[24]
Berbers (Moyen Atlas) AA (Berber) 69 0 87.1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Cruciani2004[23]
Berbers (Marrakesh) AA (Berber) 29 0 92.9 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Cruciani2004[23]
Berbers (Mozabite) AA (Berber) 20 10 80 0 0 0 0 0 0 10 0 Cruciani2004[23]
Berbers (Chaoui) AA (Berber) 218 4.6 85.3 0 0 5.5 0 0 0 0.5 0 Abdeli&Benhassine2019[25]
Berbers (Morocco) AA (Berber) 64 4.7 79.6 0 0 6.3 0 0 0 0 0 Semino2004[7]
Berbers (central Morocco) AA (Berber) 187 0 89.8[26] 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Reguig2014[27]
Berbers (northern Morocco) AA (Berber) 43 0 79.1[26] 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Reguig2014[27]
Berbers (north-central Morocco) AA (Berber) 63 9.5 74.6 0 0 3.2 0 0 0 0 0 Bosch2001[28]
Berbers (southern Morocco) AA (Berber) 40 2.5 85 0 0 2.5 0 0 0 0 0 Bosch2001[28]
Berbers (southern Morocco) AA (Berber) 65 0 98.5[26] 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Reguig2014[27]
Berbers (Northern Tunisia) AA (Berber) 32 0 100 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Fadhlaoui-Zid2011[29]
Berbers (Southern Tunisia) AA (Berber) 27 0 100 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Fadhlaoui-Zid2011[29]
Berbers (Tunisia - Djerba) AA (Berber) 46 0 80.4 0 0 0 0 0 4.4 2.2 0 Manni2005[8]
Copts (Sudan) AA (Semitic) 33 0 21.2 0 0 45.5 0 0 0 15.2 0 Hassan2008[17]
Cypriots IE (Greek) 45 0 27 0 0 0 0 0 2 9 0 Rosser2000[18]
Druze AA (Semitic) 28 0 14.3 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Cruciani2004[23]
Egyptians AA (Semitic) 370 2.9 43.7 5.6 0.5 25.4 0.8 0 2.1 5.9 6.2 Bekada2013[1]
Egyptians AA (Semitic) 92 3.3 43.5 2.2 1.1 22.8 0 0 0 5.4 7.6 Wood2005[30]
Egyptians AA (Semitic) 147 2 36 9 1 31 0 0 3 2 8 AbuAmero2009[9]
Egyptians (North) AA (Semitic) 43 0 53.5 7 0 18.2 0 0 2.3 9.3 2.3 Zalloua2008[31]
Egyptians (South) AA (Semitic) 29 0 31 17.2 3.4 24.1 0 0 0 13.8 10.3 Zalloua2008[31]
Georgians Caucasian (South) 63 0 0 30.1 0 36.5 1.6 0 7.9 14.3 1.6 Semino2000[14]
Georgians Caucasian (South) 66 0 3 31.8 1.5 36.4 1.5 0 10.6 9.1 1.5 Battaglia2008[32]
Iranians (North Iran) IE (Iranian, West) 33 0 0 15.2 0 33.3 3 6.1 6.1 15.2 0 Regueiro2006[33]
Iranians (South Iran) IE (Iranian, West) 117 1.7 5.1 12.8 0 35 6 0.9 16.2 6 3.4 Regueiro2006[33]
Iranians IE (Iranian, West) 130 0 4.6 5.4 24.6 13.8 0 0 19.2 4.6 0 Nasidze2004[19]
Iranians IE 938 1.8 7 11.7 0.5 31.4 5 0.1 14.3 10.1 3.4 Grugni 2012[22]
Iraqis 203 1 10.8 2.5 0.5 57.6 1 1 6.9 10.8 5.9 Abu A. 2009[9]
Kurdish Jews AA (Semitic) 95 0 12.1 19.2 6.1 37.4 1 0 4 20.2 0 Nebel2001[5]
Kurds (Muslim)(Northern Iraq) IE (Iranian, NW) 95 0 7.4 4.2 16.8 40 3.2 0 11.6 16.8 0 Nebel2001[5]
Lebanese AA (Semitic) 916 1.4 17.6 6.6 4.8 44.1 5.2 0.1 2.5 8.3 4.7 AbuAmero2009[9]
Lebanese AA (Semitic) 31 0 18.8 3.2 3.2 52.2 3.2 0 9.7 6.4 0 Semino2000[14]
Libyans 89 38.5 53 0 0 0 0 0 0 6 0 Bekada2013[1]
Moroccans 760 6 79 0.6 0.1 7.6 0 0 0 4.4 0 Bekada2013[1]
Nubians (Sudan) Nilo-Saharan (Eastern Sudanic) 39 0 23.1 0 5.1 43.6 0 0 0 10.3 0 Hassan2008[17]
Palestinians (Palestine) AA (Semitic) 44 0 31.8 11.3 0 9 0 0 0 0 0 Fernandes2011[34]
Sahrawi (Morocco-Mauretania) 189 12.7 66.6 0 0 13.2 0 0 0 7.4 0 Bekada2013[1]
Sahrawi (Morocco) 29 3.4 79.3 0 0 17.2 0 0 0 0 0 Semino2004[7]
Sephardic Jews 78 0 19.2 7.7 11.5 28.2 0 0 3.9 29.5 0 Nebel2001[5]
Tunisians 601 1.1 70.5 0.1 0.1 17.9 0 0 0.5 2.1 1.1 Bekada2013[1]
Turks Turkic 523 0.2 11.3 10.9 5.4 33.3 [35] 4.2 3.8 6.9 16.1 2.5 Cinnioglu2004[36]
Turks Turkic 741 0 0 0 5.1 0 [37] 0 0 0 0 0 Rootsi2004[38]
Turks Turkic 167 0 10.2 0 0 32.9 0 2.4 4.8 20.4 0 Rosser2000[18]
Turks Turkic 59 0 13.6 8.5 6.8 30.5 0 0 11.9 20.3 1.7 Sanchez2005[39]
Turks (Central Anatolia) Turkic 61 0 6.6 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Pericic2005[40]
Turks (Istanbul) Turkic 0 13 0 0 24.7 0 0 0 0 0 Semino2004[7]
Turks (Konya) Turkic 0 14.5 0 0 31.8 0 0 0 0 0 Semino2004[7]
Turks (Cypriot) Turkic 46 0 13 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Cruciani2004[23]
Turks (Southeastern) Turkic 24 0 4.2 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Cruciani2004[23]
Turks (Erzurum) Turkic 25 0 4 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Cruciani2004[23]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

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  26. ^ a b c Only include E-M81.
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  35. ^ Haplogroup J1 = 9.0; Haplogroup J2 = 24.3.
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  37. ^ Haplogroup J1 = 9.0; Haplogroup J2 = 24.3.
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External links[edit]