Young Mania Rating Scale

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The Young Mania Rating Scale (YMRS), developed by Vincent E Ziegler, M.D., and popularized by Robert Young, is an eleven-item multiple choice diagnostic questionnaire which psychiatrists use to measure the severity of manic episodes in children and young adults.[1] The scale was originally developed for use in the evaluation of adult patients with bipolar disorder, but has since been modified for use in pediatric patients. A similar scale was then developed to allow clinicians to interview parents about their children's symptoms, in order to ascertain a better diagnosis of mania in children. This parent version (P-YMRS) can be completed by a parent or a teacher to determine whether a child should receive further evaluation from a psychologist or psychiatrist.[2] Clinical studies have demonstrated the reliability and validity of the parent version of the scale, which has been found to provide “clinically meaningful information about mood disorders in youth." The P-YMRS does succeed in identifying most cases of childhood bipolar disorder, and it has an extremely high false positive rate.[2][3]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Young RC, Biggs JT, Ziegler VE, Meyer DA (Nov 1978). "A rating scale for mania: reliability, validity and sensitivity". Br J Psychiatry. 133 (5): 429–35. doi:10.1192/bjp.133.5.429. PMID 728692. 
  2. ^ a b Gracious, BL; Youngstrom, EA; Findling, RL; Calabrese, JR (November 2002). "Discriminative validity of a parent version of the Young Mania Rating Scale.". Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry. 41 (11): 1350–9. doi:10.1097/00004583-200211000-00017. PMID 12410078. 
  3. ^ Marchand, WR; Clark, SC; Wirth, L; Simon, C (March 2005). "Validity of the parent young mania rating scale in a community mental health setting.". Psychiatry (Edgmont (Pa. : Township)). 2 (3): 31–35. PMID 21179627. 

External Links[edit]

  1. ^ Young, R (1978). "A Rating Scale for Mania: Reliability, Validity and Sensitivity". Br J Psychiatry. 133: 429–435. PMID 728692. Retrieved 20 November 2016. 
  2. ^ "Parent Version of the Young Mania Rating Scale (P-YMRS)." (PDF). The Balanced Mind: Parent Network. Depression and Bipolar Support Alliance. Retrieved 14 September 2015. 
  3. ^ "Parent Version of the Young Mania Rating Scale (P-YMRS) Instructions." (PDF). HMSA. Retrieved 14 September 2015.