YU Grupa performing live in Niš in 2007
|Genres||Progressive rock, hard rock, blues rock, folk rock|
|Years active||1970 – 1981
1987 – present
|Labels||PGP-RTB, Jugoton, ZKP RTLJ, PGP-RTS, Croatia Records|
|Associated acts||Džentlmeni, Siluete, Opus, Pop Mašina, Srđan Marjanović, Dah, Zdravo, Zebra, Leb i Sol, Kerber, Hazari, Bjesovi|
|Past members||Miodrag Okrugić
YU Grupa (trans. YU Group) is a Serbian and former Yugoslav rock band. One of the pioneers in combining rock music with the elements of the traditional music of the Balkans, YU Grupa is considered the longest-lasting rock band to come from Serbia.
YU Grupa was formed in the autumn of 1970 by brothers Dragi (vocals, guitar) and Žika Jelić (bass guitar), both former members of Džentlmeni, Miodrag Okrugić (organ) and Velibor Bogdanović (drums). In the beginning the band performed under the name Idejni Posed (Notional Property), given by Korni Grupa leader Kornelije Kovač. In November 1970, on their concert in Sinagoga club in Zemun, disc jockey Zoran Modli asked the audience to suggest a name for the band. The name YU Grupa was suggested by a young man called Miroslav Stanivuk. In accordance with the name, the band continued to hold birthday concerts on November 29, the date of Federal People's Republic of Yugoslavia declaration.
Their first song, "Nona", was recorded at the end of December. The song was inspired by folk music of Kosovo, and recording it YU Grupa became one of the pioneers of combining rock and folk music elements on the Yugoslav rock scene. Their first concert was organised by chess master Nikola Karaklajić and journalist Peca Popović, editors of the Radio Belgrade show Veče uz radio. The concert was held in Dadov theatre on January 21, 1971. During the year they held a great number of concerts, mostly in Serbia. They recorded fourteen songs for the needs of Radio Belgrade, part of those songs later released on their vinyl singles. All the copies of their first single "Nona" were sold immediately after the release, but PGP-RTB refused to release a new number of copies, so YU Grupa moved to Jugoton. The band performed at the Belgrade spring festival with the song "Tajna", also performed by Zdenka Kovačiček. The songs "Drveni most" ("Wooden Bridge"), "Mali medved" ("Little Bear") and "Devojka Džoj" ("Girl Named Joy") were well accepted on all of their concerts. Okrugić's song "Opus 1" was very significant on their live appearances, however, it was never recorded by YU Grupa.
The band spent the summer performing at the prestigious club Lanterna in Rovinj. These concerts brought first conflicts inside the band. After they returned to Belgrade Okrugić left (later forming the band Opus) and guitarist Miodrag "Bata" Kostić joined the band. Kostić was previously involved in the band's activity, as he wrote some of the songs the band performed. Dragi Jelić and Kostić were an effective guitar duo, and Kostić continued to write folk-inspired hits. In March 1972 the band went on Bulgarian tour, during which they held forty concerts. Due to the fact that Veče uz radio show had a cult status in Bulgaria, audience knew all of their songs, but one part of the public was shocked by their appearance. After they returned to Yugoslavia, they performed at the rock evening of Belgrade spring festival, performing at Dom Sindikata Hall with Korni Grupa, Time and Mladi Levi.
The band spent the summer of 1972 playing in Rovinj's Lanterna. The concerts in Rovinj were crucial once again. After returning to Belgrade Kostić and Bogdanović left the band, Kostić joining Jutro, and later forming Opus with Okrugić. YU Grupa continued as a trio, with Ratislav "Raša" Đelmaš, a former Mobi Dik, Pop Mašina and Siluete member, as the new drummer. They spent the next year playing all across Yugoslavia, gaining new fans in Slovenia and Croatia. At the time, the keyboardist Tihomir "Pop" Asanović was approached to become a new member, but refused to join Novi Fosili instead. In February 1973, YU Grupa went to London to purchase new equipment, and the CBS Records producers, who had an opportunity to hear their recordings earlier, organized their concert in The Marquee. Thanks to the concert the band got a term at a studio, recorded demos, and a cooperation with CBS records was planned. The band returned to Yugoslavia to hold a concert at Belgrade's Hala sportova, and holding a high position on Yugoslav rock scene, the band discarded the career in England, also refusing to become the opening band on The Allman Brothers Band tour. In the summer of 1973 their debut self-titled album was released. The album brought numerous hits: "Trka" ("The Race"), "Čudna šuma" ("Strange Forest"), blues-oriented "More" ("The Sea"), and their cult ballad "Crni leptir" ("Black Butterfly"). In November Kostić returned to the band.
At the beginning of 1974, YU Grupa played on Srđan Marjanović's debut album Srđan Marjanović i prijatelji, and later released their second studio album Kako to da svaki dan? (How Come Every Day...?). The album was musically more diverse, but it did not consist from the numerous hits as the previous one. At the end of the year, Dragi Jelić went to serve the army, and until he returned YU Grupa performed as trio. In 1975, best Yugoslav guitarists took part in Kongres rock majstora (Congress of Rock Masters) concert. The double album Kongres rock majstora was released, on which Žika Jelić and Đelmaš were the support band following Bata Kostić, Vedran Božić and Josip Boček.
Dragi returned in June 1975, and Kostić left the band conventionally. The band negotiated with the keyboard player Oliver Mandić, but the cooperation was not agreed. In 1975, they released YU Grupa, featuring hits "Oprosti ljubavi" ("Forgive Me, My Love"), "Novi zvuk" ("New Sound") and "Ja moram dalje" ("I Have to Move On"). In September 1976, a compilation album YU zlato (YU Gold), which featured their single songs, was released. During the same year, Đelmaš left the band and formed Zebra. Dragan Micić replaced Đelmaš, and at the end of 1976, guitarist Nedžat Maculja joined the band. In 1977, they went on the Soviet Union tour, during which they held sixty-four concerts. During the same year, they released their fourth studio album Među zvezdama (Among the Stars). The album featured Bata Kostić as a guest musician. In 1978, YU Grupa performed at the pop-oriented festival in Opatija, and their song "Spali svoja sećanja" ("Burn Your Memories") was released on the festival album Opatija 78. At the end 1978, Kostić once again became the member of the band, and a former Mama Co Co and Ribeli member Dragoljub Đuričić (drums) and a former Zdravo member Dragan Janković (keyboard) joined YU Grupa. This lineup held another Soviet Union tour.
The next album Samo napred... (Ride On...), released in 1979, featured hits "Identitet ("Identity"), "Udaj se dobro" ("Get Married Well"), "Ideš mi na nerve" ("You're Getting on My Nerves"), "Autobus za raj" ("Bus to Heaven"). The album featured Bebi Dol and Slađana Milošević on backing vocals as guests. At the time of the great popularity of New Wave bands in Yugoslavia, YU Grupa's popularity, alongside the popularity of other bands with similar stylistic orientation, declined. At the end of 1981, their van with a part of the equipment burned down, and Žika Jelić got injured in the fire. After this incident, YU Grupa members decide to end their activity. The Jelić brothers started working as concert organisers, Đuričić became a member of Leb i Sol and Midorag Kostić became a Radio Belgrade editor.
At the end of the 1980s, Bijelo Dugme had enormous success with their folk-oriented songs, and the band leader Goran Bregović suggested the Jelić brothers, one of the pioneers of Yugoslav folk rock sound, to reunite YU Grupa. Although they occasionally performed during the 1980s, YU Grupa officially reunited in 1987, in the lineup that featured Jelić brothers, Bata Kostić and Velibor Bogdanović. They released their comeback album Od zlata jabuka (Golden Apple), with the title track inspired by folk music as the main hit. YU Grupa performed at the Legende YU rocka (Legends of Yugoslav Rock) concert, alongside Indexi, Drago Mlinarec, Korni Grupa, Time and Radomir Mihajlović Točak. Live versions of YU Grupa's "Čudna šuma", "U tami disko kluba" ("In the Darkness of Discothèque"), "Crni leptir" and a medley compiled of "Nona", "Kosovski božuri" ("Kosovo Peonies") and "Sama" ("Alone") were released on the double live album Legende YU Rocka. In November 1988, YU Grupa released Ima nade (There Is Hope). The album's biggest hits were "Mornar" ("Sailor") and the power ballad "Dunavom šibaju vetrovi" ("Winds Blow by the Danube"). This album was followed by Tragovi (Traces), recorded with Đelmaš on the drums once again, and featuring Pera Joe, Saša Lokner and Nikola Čuturilo as guests.
At the bands 22nd birthday, old members of the band played with YU Grupa, and the band got the new member, Petar Jelić, Dragi and Žika's nephew. The new lineup released album Rim 1994 (Rome 1994). The album was recorded in Italy, and was produced by Dragi Jelić and Mario Zaninni Quirini. The album brought hits "Odlazim" ("I'm Leaving"), "Oluja" ("Storm"), "Dunav" ("Danube"), "Gledaj samo pravo" ("Just Look Straight Ahead"). During the late 1990s, the band rarely performed in Yugoslavia.
In 2005, with Igor Malešević (a former Hazari and Bjesovi member) as the new drummer, YU Grupa released its latest studio album with a symbolic title Dugo znamo se (We've Known Each Other for a Long Time). The album was mostly hard rock-oriented. The lyrics for the song "Pustinja" ("Desert") were written by Bebi Dol, and the lyrics for "Bože, spasi me" ("God, Save Me") and "Tango" were written by Van Gogh frontman Zvonimir Đukić. The album featured Saša Lokner on keyboards, as guest musician. The album was well received, and brought hits "Pustinja", "Zamoliću te" ("I'm Asking You"), "Bože, spasi me", and "Tango". In 2007, the band released its first official live album Live. Some of the tracks featured on the album were recorded in 1996 on YU Grupa unplugged concert in Studio M in Novi Sad, which featured Kornelije Kovač on piano. In 2008, the drummer Slobodan Jurišić replaced Malešević. In 2009, Croatia Records released the double compilation album The Ultimate Collection, which featured 35 songs from the 1972—1977 period.
In December 2010, Žika Jelić announced the release of a new studio album, and a possible release of a video album, with the recording of the band's performance at the 2010 Belgrade Beer Fest, and a box set.
On April 9, 2012, on the band's concert in Foča, Žika Jelić suffered an electric shock, after which he was transported to the hospital. The concert was ended, with a local musician playing the bass guitar.
The musicians which were, by their own words, influenced by YU Grupa include composer and former Bijelo Dugme guitarist Goran Bregović, Divlje Jagode guitarist Sead "Zele" Lipovača, Disciplina Kičme leader and former Šarlo Akrobata member Dušan Kojić "Koja", former Divlje Jagode and Bijelo Dugme vocalist Alen Islamović singer-songwriter and former Riblja Čorba member Nikola Čuturilo and the members of the band Jarboli. Other musicians who praised YU Grupa's work include Kornelije Kovač, Ljuba Ninković, Radomir Mihajlović "Točak", Vlatko Stefanovski, Zdenka Kovačiček and Zoran Kostić "Cane".
The song "Čudna šuma" was covered by the alternative rock band Disciplina Kičme on their 1986 album Svi za mnom!, by the punk rock band Generacija Bez Budućnosti on their 1997 album Spleen, and by the rock band Prljavi Inspektor Blaža i Kljunovi on their 2007 live album Samo Supermen Srbiju Spašava. The song "Noć je moja" was covered by the progressive rock band Frenky on their 1993 album Noć je moja. The song "U tami disko kluba" was covered by pop singer Aleksa Jelić (Dragi Jelić's son) on his 2008 album U tami disko kluba.
The book YU 100: najbolji albumi jugoslovenske rok i pop muzike (YU 100: The Best albums of Yugoslav pop and rock music) features two YU Grupa albums: YU zlato (ranked No. 57) and YU Grupa (ranked No. 62).
The Rock Express Top 100 Yugoslav Rock Songs of All Times list featured four songs by YU Grupa: "Crni leptir" (polled No.18), "Kosovski božuri" (polled No.33), "Čudna šuma" (polled No.50) and "Osveta" (polled No.60). The B92 Top 100 Domestic Songs list features two songs by YU Grupa: "Čudna šuma" (ranked No. 29) and "Crni leptir" (ranked No. 47). In 2011, the song "Mornar" was polled, by the listeners of Radio 202, one of 60 greatest songs released by PGP-RTB/PGP-RTS during the sixty years of the label's existence.
- YU Grupa (1973)
- Kako to da svaki dan? (1974)
- YU Grupa (1975)
- Među zvezdama (1977)
- Samo napred... (1979)
- Od zlata jabuka (1987)
- Ima nade (1988)
- Tragovi (1990)
- Rim 1994 (1995)
- Dugo znamo se (2005)
- Janjatović, Petar (2007). EX YU ROCK enciklopedija 1960-2006. Belgrade: self-released. p. 241.
- "Dragi Jelić: Slučajno smo uveli etnorok", nezavisne.com
- "Bregovićevi uzori opet jašu". Muzika.hr. Retrieved 2011-04-25.
- "Hazardersko upuštanje u životne tokove", interview with Žika Jelić on Popboks.com
- Srpski „Stonsi" rođeni na Dan republike, pressonline.rs
- "Jubilej YU Grupe: Pola veka u rokenrolu", vreme.rs
- Dejan Cukić - "Dok se još sećam: London", popboks.com
- YU Grupa (1973) at Discogs
- Srđan Marjanović i prijatelji at Discogs
- Kako to da svaki dan? at Discogs
- Kongres rock majstora at Discogs
- YU Grupa (1975) at Discogs
- YU zlato at Discogs
- Među zvezdama at Discogs
- Opatija 78 at Discogs
- Samo napred... at Discogs
- Legende YU Rocka at Discogs
- Ima nade at Discogs
- Tragovi at Discogs
- Rim 1994 at Discogs
- Dugo znamo se at Discogs
- Live at Discogs
- "Bregovićevi uzori opet jašu", Muzika.hr
- "Žiku Jelića udarila struja", popboks.com
- Janjatović, Petar (2007). EX YU ROCK enciklopedija 1960-2006. Belgrade: self-released. p. 31.
- "Zele Lipovača (Divlje Jagode): “Pjesme moraju imati ‘nešto’ da bi pronašle put do publike”", balkanrock.com
- Emisija Rockovnik - ( Zele Lipovača, Goran Bregović & Alen Islamović), YouTube
- "Jarboli - Zabava još traje", aleksandararezina.blogspot.com
- "Intervju – Zoran Kostić Cane, Partibrejkers): Zabavu još kvarimo", vreme.com
- Svi za mnom at Discogs
- Janjatović, Petar (2007). EX YU ROCK enciklopedija 1960-2006. Belgrade: self-released. p. 265.
- Samo Supermen Srbiju Spašava at Discogs
- Noć je moja at Discogs
- U tami disko kluba at Discogs
- Antonić, Duško; Štrbac, Danilo (1998). YU 100: najbolji albumi jugoslovenske rok i pop muzike. Belgrade: YU Rock Press. p. 39.
- Antonić, Duško; Štrbac, Danilo (1998). YU 100: najbolji albumi jugoslovenske rok i pop muzike. Belgrade: YU Rock Press. p. 41.
- "100 najboljih pesama svih vremena YU rocka". Rock Express (in Serbian) (Belgrade: Rock Express) (25).
- The B92 Top 100 Domestic Songs list at B92 official site
- 60 хитова емисије ПГП на 202!, facebook.com
- EX YU ROCK enciklopedija 1960-2006, Janjatović Petar; ISBN 978-86-905317-1-4