YZ Ceti

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YZ Ceti
YZ Ceti.png
Location of YZ Ceti, click for larger image.
Observation data
Epoch J2000      Equinox J2000
Constellation Cetus
Right ascension 01h 12m 30.64s[1]
Declination −16° 59′ 56.3″[1]
Apparent magnitude (V) 12.03 - 12.18[2]
Characteristics
Spectral type M4.0Ve[3]
U−B color index +1.430[4]
B−V color index +1.811[4]
Variable type Flare star[5]
Astrometry
Radial velocity (Rv) +28.09[6] km/s
Proper motion (μ) RA: 1208.53 ± 5.57[1] mas/yr
Dec.: 640.73 ± 3.71[1] mas/yr
Parallax (π) 271.01 ± 8.36[1] mas
Distance 12.0 ± 0.4 ly
(3.7 ± 0.1 pc)
Absolute magnitude (MV) 15.48[3]
Details[7]
Mass 0.130 M
Radius 0.168 R
Temperature 3,056 K
Metallicity [Fe/H] −0.26 dex
Age 5.0 Gyr
Other designations
GCTP 248.01, GJ 54.1, G 268-135, LHS 138, LTT 670, L 725-32, HIP 5643.
Database references
SIMBAD data

YZ Ceti is a red dwarf star in the constellation Cetus. Although it is relatively close to the Sun at just 12 light years,[1] this star cannot be seen with the naked eye. It is classified as a flare star that undergoes intermittent fluctuations in luminosity. YZ Ceti is about 13 percent the mass of the Sun and 17% of its radius.

This star is unusually close to Tau Ceti, a star of spectral class G8. The two are only about 1.6 light years apart,[8] a little more than a third of the distance from the Sun to the Solar System's nearest neighbor, Proxima Centauri.

Variability[edit]

YZ Ceti is a variable star designation: the star shows occasional rapid and brief increases in brightness, sometimes reaching magnitude 12.03, caused by eruptions from the surface. This type of variable star is known as a UV Ceti star after its first member, or more colloquially as a flare star. It also shows small periodic variations in brightness caused by starspots or chromospheric features moving as the star rotates. This class of variable stars are known as BY Draconis variables.[2] The periodic variations allow the rotational period of the star to be measured at 68.3 days, although modelling of its planetary system gives a rotational period for the star of 83 days.[9]

Planetary system[edit]

On 10 August 2017 three planets were announced to have been discovered around YZ Ceti and a possible fourth sub-Earth planet candidate, still needing confirmation, with 0.472±0.096 Earth masses at an orbital period of 1.04 days.[7]

The YZ Ceti planetary system
Companion
(in order from star)
Mass Semimajor axis
(AU)
Orbital period
(days)
Eccentricity Inclination Radius
e (unconfirmed) 0.472 M 0.01018 1.04 ~0
b 0.75 ± 0.13 M 0.01557 ± 0.00052 1.96876 ± 0.00021 0.00 ± 0.12
c 0.98 ± 0.14 M 0.02090 ± 0.00070 3.06008 ± 0.00022 0.04 ± 0.11
d 1.14 ± 0.17 M 0.02764 ± 0.00093 4.65627 ± 0.00042 0.129 ± 0.096

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f van Leeuwen, F. (2007). "HIP 5643". Hipparcos, the New Reduction. Retrieved 2010-08-22. 
  2. ^ a b Watson, C. L. (2006). "The International Variable Star Index (VSX)". The Society for Astronomical Sciences 25th Annual Symposium on Telescope Science. Held May 23–25. 25: 47. Bibcode:2006SASS...25...47W. 
  3. ^ a b Davison, Cassy L; White, R. J; Henry, T. J; Riedel, A. R; Jao, W.-C; Bailey, J. I; Quinn, S. N; Cantrell, J. R; Subasavage, J. P; Winters, J. G (2015). "A 3D Search for Companions to 12 Nearby M Dwarfs". The Astronomical Journal. 149 (3): 106. arXiv:1501.05012Freely accessible. Bibcode:2015AJ....149..106D. doi:10.1088/0004-6256/149/3/106. 
  4. ^ a b Koen, C; Kilkenny, D; Van Wyk, F; Marang, F (2010). "UBV(RI)C JHK observations of Hipparcos-selected nearby stars". Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society. 403 (4): 1949. Bibcode:2010MNRAS.403.1949K. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2966.2009.16182.x. 
  5. ^ Samus, N. N.; Durlevich, O. V.; et al. (2009). "VizieR Online Data Catalog: General Catalogue of Variable Stars (Samus+ 2007-2013)". VizieR On-line Data Catalog: B/gcvs. Originally published in: 2009yCat....102025S. 1. Bibcode:2009yCat....102025S. 
  6. ^ Nidever, David L; Marcy, Geoffrey W; Butler, R. Paul; Fischer, Debra A; Vogt, Steven S (2002). "Radial Velocities for 889 Late-Type Stars". The Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series. 141 (2): 503. Bibcode:2002ApJS..141..503N. doi:10.1086/340570. 
  7. ^ a b Astudillo-Defru, N; Díaz, R. F; Bonfils, X; Almenara, J. M; Delisle, J.-B; Bouchy, F; Delfosse, X; Forveille, T; Lovis, C; Mayor, M; Murgas, F; Pepe, F; Santos, N. C; Ségransan, D; Udry, S; Wünsche, A (2017). "The HARPS search for southern extra-solar planets. XLII. A system of Earth-mass planets around the nearby M dwarf YZ Ceti". Astronomy & Astrophysics. 605: L11. arXiv:1708.03336Freely accessible. Bibcode:2017A&A...605L..11A. doi:10.1051/0004-6361/201731581. 
  8. ^ Page of Tau Ceti, see the chapter of Closest Neighbors, for YZ Ceti.
  9. ^ Jayasinghe, T; Stanek, K. Z; Kochanek, C. S; Holoien, T. W.-S; Shields, J. V; Thompson, T. A; Shappee, B. J; Prieto, J. L; Dong, Subo (2017). "ASAS-SN V-band Light Curve of Multi-Planet M-dwarf Host YZ Cet Reveals a Rotation Period of 68 Days". The Astronomer's Telegram. 0643. Bibcode:2017ATel10643....1J. 

External links[edit]