Y Felinheli

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Y Felinheli
Road Bridge at The Marina, Y Felinheli - geograph.org.uk - 227475.jpg
Road bridge at Y Felinheli marina
Y Felinheli is located in Gwynedd
Y Felinheli
Y Felinheli
Y Felinheli shown within Gwynedd
Area2.28 sq mi (5.9 km2)
Population2,284 (2011)
• Density1,002/sq mi (387/km2)
LanguageWelsh
English
OS grid referenceSH525675
Community
  • Y Felinheli
Principal area
Ceremonial county
CountryWales
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townY FELINHELI
Postcode districtLL56
Dialling code01248
PoliceNorth Wales
FireNorth Wales
AmbulanceWelsh
EU ParliamentWales
UK Parliament
Welsh Assembly
Websitehttp://felinheli.org/
List of places
UK
Wales
Gwynedd
53°10′59″N 4°12′36″W / 53.183°N 4.210°W / 53.183; -4.210Coordinates: 53°10′59″N 4°12′36″W / 53.183°N 4.210°W / 53.183; -4.210
St Mary's Church

Y Felinheli, formerly known in English as Port Dinorwic, is a village, community and electoral ward beside the Menai Strait (Welsh: Y Fenai or Afon Menai) between Bangor and Caernarfon in Gwynedd, north-west Wales. The population of the village was 2,284 at the 2011 Census.[1]

History[edit]

Toponymy[edit]

Etymologically, its name comes from the Welsh y meaning the, melin meaning mill and heli, meaning brine/salt-water/sea. An alternative interpretation is from Y Felin Heulyn, "the mill on the River Heulyn", which refers to the river that runs into the village.

Origins[edit]

Y Felinheli has its origins in two hamlets, Tafarngrisiau near St Mary's Church and Aberpwll to the north-east where there was a mill on the Afon Heulyn. The mill was rebuilt closer to the sea in 1633 and gave its name to the settlement.[2] The area was largely agricultural until the area was transformed by slate quarrying in the 19th century. A new dock was built in 1828 when lime was extracted at Brynadda and slate and lime were loaded and culm (coal dust or anthracite slack) was brought in to fire the lime kilns.[3]

The owners of the Vaynol Estate, the Assheton Smiths, owned most of the land in Y Felinheli and developed the Dinorwic Quarry[4] in the late 18th century, They also built the harbour to export slate transported to the quay by the Dinorwic Railway, a narrow gauge railway that was subsequently replaced by the Padarn Railway. Industrial expansion gave Y Felinheli (Felin-hely, 1838) the alternative name Port Dinorwig or Port Dinorwic.

Harbour[edit]

The harbour is a centre for pleasure boating and sailing. It has moorings, a marina and yacht support businesses, including rigging, sail making and boatyards.[5] The boatyard was constructed before the Second World War for building landing craft. Its slipway, probably the largest in North Wales is in private ownership, is usable at most states of tide. The local sailing club[6] organizes dinghy racing.

Demographics[edit]

Languages[edit]

Welsh[edit]

According to the United Kingdom Census 2011, 64.3% of all usual residents aged 3+ in Y Felinheli could speak Welsh.[7] 89.4% of all usual residents aged 3+ who were born in Wales could speak Welsh.[8] The percentages of Y Felinheli residents having Welsh-language skills are as follows:

Welsh language skill[9][10] No. of persons Percentage of persons aged 3+
Can understand spoken Welsh 1,431 65.4%
Can speak, read or write Welsh 1,429 65.3%
Can speak Welsh 1,407 64.3%
Can read Welsh 1,275 58.3%
Can write Welsh 1,213 55.4%
Can speak, read and write Welsh 1,196 54.6%

As of January 2018, 82.9% of pupils aged 5 or over in the village's primary school (Ysgol Y Felinheli) spoke Welsh at home.[11]

Other languages[edit]

According to the 2011 Census, 6% of Y Felinheli's population spoke a language other than English or Welsh as their main language. The most common was Arabic, with 2.92% speaking it as their main language.[12]

Identity[edit]

According to the 2011 Census, 59.7% of the population noted that they had Welsh-only national identity, with 35.6% noting that they had no Welsh national identity at all.[13]

Transport[edit]

The A487 road by-pass, completed in 1994, has removed much traffic congestion from the main street. The nearest railway station as the crow flies is across the Menai Strait at Llanfairpwll (2 miles (3.2 km)). The next nearest (not involving travelling by boat) is at Bangor (4 miles (6.4 km)).[14]

Historically, there was a passenger railway station named Port Dinorwic which was open between 1852 and 1960. There was also a narrow gauge railway running from the town to Dinorwic Quarry on the Dinorwic Railway (later Padarn Railway) to carry slate.

Education[edit]

Welsh language parent-and-toddler group Cylch Ti a Fi Y Felinheli and a Welsh-language playgroup Cylch Meithrin Y Felinheli currently serves the community with the support of Mudiad Ysgolion Meithrin.

Ysgol Gynradd Y Felinheli provides Welsh-medium primary education to the village and the surrounding area.[15] The village is in the catchment area of three secondary schools, namely Ysgol Tryfan, Ysgol Syr Hugh Owen and Ysgol Friars.

Governance[edit]

Local Government[edit]

Y Felinheli ward is currently represented in Gwynedd Council by Plaid Cymru councillor Gareth Wyn Griffith.[16]

National Assembly for Wales[edit]

The village is currently represented in the National Assembly for Wales by Arfon constituency member Siân Gwenllian (Plaid Cymru).

It is also respresented by four North Wales regional assembly members, namely Michelle Brown (UKIP), Mandy Jones (UKIP), Mark Isherwood (Welsh Conservatives) and Llyr Huws Gruffydd (Plaid Cymru).

House of Commons[edit]

The village is currently represented in the House of Commons by Arfon constituency member Hywel Williams (Plaid Cymru).

Culture[edit]

The local carnival committee organises the annual Gŵyl Felin.[17]

Sport[edit]

There is a local football team called Clwb Peldroed Y Felinheli, which celebrated its 40th anniversary in 2017.[18][19]

A private members sailing club, Clwb Hwylio Y Felinheli, has been based in the village on the banks of the Menai Strait since 1947. As of 2015, it has 136 youth members who have been trained at the club.[20]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Community/Ward population 2011". Retrieved 18 May 2015.
  2. ^ Jones 1992, p. 9
  3. ^ Jones 1992, p. 10
  4. ^ Jones 1992, p. 13
  5. ^ Dinas Boat Yard
  6. ^ Port Dinorwic Sailing Club
  7. ^ "Comisiynydd y Gymraeg - 2011 Census results by Community". www.comisiynyddygymraeg.cymru. Retrieved 2017-11-03.
  8. ^ "LC2206WA (Welsh language skills by country of birth by age) - Nomis - Official Labour Market Statistics". www.nomisweb.co.uk. Retrieved 2017-10-27.
  9. ^ Sillitoe, Neighbourhood Statistics - Neil (2008-04-14). "Detect browser settings". www.neighbourhood.statistics.gov.uk. Retrieved 2017-02-26.
  10. ^ Sillitoe, Neighbourhood Statistics - Neil (2008-04-14). "Detect browser settings". www.neighbourhood.statistics.gov.uk. Retrieved 2017-02-26.
  11. ^ "Children speaking Welsh at home". gov.wales. 2018-08-22. Retrieved 2018-08-24.
  12. ^ Rogers, Simon (2013-01-30). "Languages mapped: what do people speak where you live?". the Guardian. Retrieved 2017-10-27.
  13. ^ "Ward Profile - Y Felinheli" (PDF). Gwynedd Council. Retrieved 29 July 2018.
  14. ^ [1]
  15. ^ "Ysgol Gynradd Y Felinheli | Estyn". www.estyn.gov.wales. Retrieved 2017-09-20.
  16. ^ "Councillor details - Gareth Wyn Griffith". democracy.cyngor.gwynedd.gov.uk. Retrieved 2017-10-02.
  17. ^ Gŵyl y Felinheli
  18. ^ Jones, Dave (2017-08-08). "Happy 40th birthday to CPD Y Felinheli". northwales. Retrieved 2017-10-02.
  19. ^ Y Felinheli Club Information
  20. ^ Butler, Ben (2015-11-26). "Gwynedd sailors challenge bid to create Menai Strait shellfish fishery". northwales. Retrieved 2018-07-11.

Bibliography[edit]

  • Jones, Reg Chambers (1992), Felinheli A Personal History of the Port of Dinorwic, Bridge Books, ISBN 1-872424-26-0

External links[edit]