Ya (Javanese)

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Aksara nglegena Aksara pasangan
Javanese script
Latin orthography ya
Phoneme [y]
Unicode U+A9AA

is one of syllable in Javanese script that represent the sound /yɔ/, /ya/. It is transliterated to Latin as "ya", and sometimes in Indonesian orthography as "yo". It has another form (pasangan), which is ◌꧀ꦪ, but represented by a single Unicode code point, U+A9AA.[1][2][3]


It's pasangan form ◌꧀ꦪ, is located on the bottom side of the previous syllable. The pasangan only occurs if a word is ended with a consonant, and the next word starts with 'y', for example ꦲꦤꦏ꧀ꦪꦸꦪꦸ - anak yuyu (little crab). If it is located between a consonant and a vocal, it didn't form a pasangan, instead it uses a special panjingan called a pengkal (), for example ꦲꦩ꧀ꦥꦾꦁ - ampyang (a kind of snack).


The letter ꦪ doesn't have a murda form.


Nglegena forms Pasangan forms
 ya ꦪꦃ yah ꦪꦁ yang ꦪꦂ yar ◌꧀ꦪ -ya ◌꧀ꦪꦃ -yah ◌꧀ꦪꦁ -yang ◌꧀ꦪꦂ -yar
ꦪꦺ ye ꦪꦺꦃ yeh ꦪꦺꦁ yeng ꦪꦺꦂ yer ◌꧀ꦪꦺ -ye ◌꧀ꦪꦺꦃ -yeh ◌꧀ꦪꦺꦁ -yeng ◌꧀ꦪꦺꦂ -yer
ꦪꦼ yê ꦪꦼꦃ yêh ꦪꦼꦁ yêng ꦪꦼꦂ yêr ◌꧀ꦪꦼ -yê ◌꧀ꦪꦼꦃ -yêh ◌꧀ꦪꦼꦁ -yêng ◌꧀ꦪꦼꦂ -yêr
ꦪꦶ yi ꦪꦶꦃ yih ꦪꦶꦁ ying ꦪꦶꦂ yir ◌꧀ꦪꦶ -yi ◌꧀ꦪꦶꦃ -yih ◌꧀ꦪꦶꦁ -ying ◌꧀ꦪꦶꦂ -yir
ꦪꦺꦴ yo ꦪꦺꦴꦃ yoh ꦪꦺꦴꦁ yong ꦪꦺꦴꦂ yor ◌꧀ꦪꦺꦴ -yo ◌꧀ꦪꦺꦴꦃ -yoh ◌꧀ꦪꦺꦴꦁ -yong ◌꧀ꦪꦺꦴꦂ -yor
ꦪꦸ yu ꦪꦸꦃ yuh ꦪꦸꦁ yung ꦪꦸꦂ yur ◌꧀ꦪꦸ -yu ◌꧀ꦪꦸꦃ -yuh ◌꧀ꦪꦸꦁ -yung ◌꧀ꦪꦸꦂ -yur
ꦪꦿ yra ꦪꦿꦃ yrah ꦪꦿꦁ yrang ꦪꦿꦂ yrar ◌꧀ꦪꦿ -yra ◌꧀ꦪꦿꦃ -yrah ◌꧀ꦪꦿꦁ -yrang ◌꧀ꦪꦿꦂ -yrar
ꦪꦿꦺ yre ꦪꦿꦺꦃ yreh ꦪꦿꦺꦁ yreng ꦪꦿꦺꦂ yrer ◌꧀ꦪꦿꦺ -yre ◌꧀ꦪꦿꦺꦃ -yreh ◌꧀ꦪꦿꦺꦁ -yreng ◌꧀ꦪꦿꦺꦂ -yrer
ꦪꦽ yrê ꦪꦽꦃ yrêh ꦪꦽꦁ yrêng ꦪꦽꦂ yrêr ◌꧀ꦪꦽ -yrê ◌꧀ꦪꦽꦃ -yrêh ◌꧀ꦪꦽꦁ -yrêng ◌꧀ꦪꦽꦂ -yrêr
ꦪꦿꦶ yri ꦪꦿꦶꦃ yrih ꦪꦿꦶꦁ yring ꦪꦿꦶꦂ yrir ◌꧀ꦪꦿꦶ -yri ◌꧀ꦪꦿꦶꦃ -yrih ◌꧀ꦪꦿꦶꦁ -yring ◌꧀ꦪꦿꦶꦂ -yrir
ꦪꦿꦺꦴ yro ꦪꦿꦺꦴꦃ yroh ꦪꦿꦺꦴꦁ yrong ꦪꦿꦺꦴꦂ yror ◌꧀ꦪꦿꦺꦴ -yro ◌꧀ꦪꦿꦺꦴꦃ -yroh ◌꧀ꦪꦿꦺꦴꦁ -yrong ◌꧀ꦪꦿꦺꦴꦂ -yror
ꦪꦿꦸ yru ꦪꦿꦸꦃ yruh ꦪꦿꦸꦁ yrung ꦪꦿꦸꦂ yrur ◌꧀ꦪꦿꦸ -yru ◌꧀ꦪꦿꦸꦃ -yruh ◌꧀ꦪꦿꦸꦁ -yrung ◌꧀ꦪꦿꦸꦂ -yrur
ꦪꦾ yya ꦪꦾꦃ yyah ꦪꦾꦁ yyang ꦪꦾꦂ yyar ◌꧀ꦪꦾ -yya ◌꧀ꦪꦾꦃ -yyah ◌꧀ꦪꦾꦁ -yyang ◌꧀ꦪꦾꦂ -yyar
ꦪꦾꦺ yye ꦪꦾꦺꦃ yyeh ꦪꦾꦺꦁ yyeng ꦪꦾꦺꦂ yyer ◌꧀ꦪꦾꦺ -yye ◌꧀ꦪꦾꦺꦃ -yyeh ◌꧀ꦪꦾꦺꦁ -yyeng ◌꧀ꦪꦾꦺꦂ -yyer
ꦪꦾꦼ yyê ꦪꦾꦼꦃ yyêh ꦪꦾꦼꦁ yyêng ꦪꦾꦼꦂ yyêr ◌꧀ꦪꦾꦼ -yyê ◌꧀ꦪꦾꦼꦃ -yyêh ◌꧀ꦪꦾꦼꦁ -yyêng ◌꧀ꦪꦾꦼꦂ -yyêr
ꦪꦾꦶ yyi ꦪꦾꦶꦃ yyih ꦪꦾꦶꦁ yying ꦪꦾꦶꦂ yyir ◌꧀ꦪꦾꦶ -yyi ◌꧀ꦪꦾꦶꦃ -yyih ◌꧀ꦪꦾꦶꦁ -yying ◌꧀ꦪꦾꦶꦂ -yyir
ꦪꦾꦺꦴ yyo ꦪꦾꦺꦴꦃ yyoh ꦪꦾꦺꦴꦁ yyong ꦪꦾꦺꦴꦂ yyor ◌꧀ꦪꦾꦺꦴ -yyo ◌꧀ꦪꦾꦺꦴꦃ -yyoh ◌꧀ꦪꦾꦺꦴꦁ -yyong ◌꧀ꦪꦾꦺꦴꦂ -yyor
ꦪꦾꦸ yyu ꦪꦾꦸꦃ yyuh ꦪꦾꦸꦁ yyung ꦪꦾꦸꦂ yyur ◌꧀ꦪꦾꦸ -yyu ◌꧀ꦪꦾꦸꦃ -yyuh ◌꧀ꦪꦾꦸꦁ -yyung ◌꧀ꦪꦾꦸꦂ -yyur

Unicode block[edit]

Javanese script was added to the Unicode Standard in October, 2009 with the release of version 5.2.

Official Unicode Consortium code chart (PDF)
  0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 A B C D E F
U+A9Bx ꦿ
1.^ As of Unicode version 10.0
2.^ Grey areas indicate non-assigned code points


  1. ^ Campbell, George L. Compendium of the World's Languages. Vol. 1. New York: Routledge, 2000.
  2. ^ Soemarmo, Marmo. "Javanese Script." Ohio Working Papers in Linguistics and Language Teaching 14.Winter (1995): 69-103.
  3. ^ Daniels, Peter T and William Bright. The World's Writing Systems. Ed. Peter T Daniels and William Bright. New York: Oxford University Press, 1996.