Yad Mordechai

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Yad Mordechai
יַד מָרְדְּכַי
Memorial to Mordechai Anielewicz next to the destroyed Water tower at Yad Mordechai
Memorial to Mordechai Anielewicz next to the destroyed Water tower at Yad Mordechai
Yad Mordechai is located in Israel
Yad Mordechai
Yad Mordechai
Coordinates: 31°35′19″N 34°33′30″E / 31.58861°N 34.55833°E / 31.58861; 34.55833Coordinates: 31°35′19″N 34°33′30″E / 31.58861°N 34.55833°E / 31.58861; 34.55833
District Southern
Council Hof Ashkelon
Affiliation Kibbutz Movement
Founded 1936 (as Mitzpe Yam)
1943 (as Yad Mordechai)
Founded by Hashomer Hatzair members
Population (2015) 678[1]
Website www.yadmor.org.il
Yad Mordechai Museum

Yad Mordechai (Hebrew: יַד מָרְדְּכַי‎, lit. Memorial of Mordechai) is a kibbutz in southern Israel. Located 10 km south of Ashkelon, it falls under the jurisdiction of Hof Ashkelon Regional Council. In 2015 it had a population of 678.[1]

History[edit]

The community was founded in the 1930s by Hashomer Hatzair members from Poland and initially organized themselves in a kibbutz called Mitzpe Yam close to Netanya, which was founded in 1936. However, the 14 dunams allocated to the kibbutz were insufficient to develop the kibbutz. As part of settlement in the Negev, the community moved to its site near Ashkelon in December 1943. The kibbutz was renamed in memorial to Mordechai Anielewicz, who was the first commander of the Jewish Fighting Organization in the Warsaw Ghetto Uprising. During the 1948 Arab–Israeli War, the kibbutz was attacked by Egypt in the Battle of Yad Mordechai.

Among the many Holocaust memorials in Israel, the “From Holocaust to Revival Museum" especially commemorates Jewish resistance against the Nazis as well as the 1948 Battle of Yad Mordechai.[2] The statue of Anielewicz by Nathan Rapoport[3] clutching a grenade, next to the water tower which was destroyed by the Egyptians in May 1948, is a noted symbol of the kibbutz.[4]

After 1948, Yad Mordechai expanded on the land of the Palestinian village of Hiribya, which was depopulated during the 1948 Arab–Israeli War.[5]

Economy[edit]

The Yad Mordechai honey, jam and olive oil brands have been partnered with the Strauss food concern.[6][7]

Notable residents[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "List of localities, in Alphabetical order" (PDF). Israel Central Bureau of Statistics. Retrieved 16 October 2016. 
  2. ^ ""From Holocaust to Revival Museum" in Kibbutz Yad Mordechai". 
  3. ^ Yaffe, Richard, Nathan Rapoport: Sculptures and Monuments, Shengold Publishers, New York, 1980.
  4. ^ Sixty years of Middle East division BBC News, 7 May 2008
  5. ^ Khalidi, Walid (1992). All That Remains: The Palestinian Villages Occupied and Depopulated by Israel in 1948. Washington D.C.: Institute for Palestine Studies. p. 102. ISBN 0-88728-224-5. 
  6. ^ "Strauss Group -- Yad Mordechai". 
  7. ^ "Yad Mordechai food products (Heb.)". Retrieved 11 July 2015. 

Further reading[edit]

  • Larkin, Margaret (1968) The Hand of Mordechai New York/South Brunswick; originally published as "The Six Days of Yad Mordechai" by the Yad Mordechai Museum in Hebrew in 1963, and in English in 1965.

External links[edit]