Yadrin

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Yadrin

Ядрин
Other transcription(s)
 • ChuvashЕтĕрне
Flag of Yadrin
Flag
Coat of arms of Yadrin
Coat of arms
Location of Yadrin
Yadrin is located in Russia
Yadrin
Yadrin
Location of Yadrin
Yadrin is located in Chuvash Republic
Yadrin
Yadrin
Yadrin (Chuvash Republic)
Coordinates: 55°56′N 46°12′E / 55.933°N 46.200°E / 55.933; 46.200Coordinates: 55°56′N 46°12′E / 55.933°N 46.200°E / 55.933; 46.200
CountryRussia
Federal subjectChuvashia[1]
Administrative districtYadrinsky District[1]
Urban settlementYadrinskoye
Founded1590
Town status since1781
Area
 • Total55 km2 (21 sq mi)
Elevation
70 m (230 ft)
Population
 • Total9,614
 • Estimate 
(2018)[3]
8,387 (-12.8%)
 • Density170/km2 (450/sq mi)
 • Capital ofYadrinsky District[1], Yadrinskoye Urban Settlement
 • Municipal districtYadrinsky Municipal District[4]
 • Urban settlementYadrinskoye Urban Settlement[4]
 • Capital ofYadrinsky Municipal District[4], Yadrinskoye Urban Settlement[4]
Time zoneUTC+3 (MSK Edit this on Wikidata[5])
Postal code(s)[6]
429060Edit this on Wikidata
OKTMO ID97653101001

Yadrin (Russian: Я́дрин; Chuvash: Етӗрне Jetĕrne) is a town and the administrative center of Yadrinsky District of the Chuvash Republic, Russia, located on the left bank of the Sura River, 86 kilometers (53 mi) southwest of Cheboksary, the capital of the republic. Population: 9,614 (2010 Census);[2] 10,573 (2002 Census);[7] 10,149 (1989 Census).[8]

History[edit]

It was founded in 1590 as a fortified settlement and was granted town status in 1781.[citation needed]

Administrative and municipal status[edit]

Within the framework of administrative divisions, Yadrin serves as the administrative center of Yadrinsky District.[1] As an administrative division, it is incorporated within Yadrinsky District as Yadrinskoye Urban Settlement.[1] As a municipal division, this administrative unit also has urban settlement status and is a part of Yadrinsky Municipal District.[4]

Demography[edit]

The Russian Federation Census 2010 reported a resident population for Yadrin of 9614, a 5 % decline from the 1989 census. The population of Yadrin peaked in 1996 at 11000, and has since declined steadily.

Ethnic composition[edit]

The population of Yadrin consists mainly of the two following ethnic groups; the Chuvash (67%), and ethnic Russians (31%).

Economy[edit]

Yadrin has several factories and development bases of the companies of heavy and food industry (e.g., Yadrin machinery plant, Yadrin factory of metal products, YMZ-Energy, Yadrin garment factory, Yadrin meat-packing plant). The town has branches of the following banks: Sberbank of Russia, Rosselkhozbank, Rosgosstrakh Bank.

Education[edit]

In Yadrin are 3 schools, a sport school and the Palace children's creativity.

Culture[edit]

Museums[edit]

  • Yadrin regional arts and local lore Museum;
  • The House-museum of artist of the USSR N.D.Mordvinov.

Main sights[edit]

  • Holy Trinity Cathedral;
  • The Building of The Provincial Assembly;
  • The house of the merchant Zheleznov.

Notable residents[edit]

Notable people born in Yadrin include:

  • Zinovy Talantsev, businessman, politician and public figure;
  • Nikolay Ashmarin, Russian and Soviet linguist, Turkologist;
  • Nikolay Mordvinov, artist.

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f Law #28
  2. ^ a b Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2011). "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года [2010 All-Russia Population Census] (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service.
  3. ^ "26. Численность постоянного населения Российской Федерации по муниципальным образованиям на 1 января 2018 года". Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved January 23, 2019.
  4. ^ a b c d e Law #37
  5. ^ "Об исчислении времени". Официальный интернет-портал правовой информации (in Russian). June 3, 2011. Retrieved January 19, 2019.
  6. ^ Почта России. Информационно-вычислительный центр ОАСУ РПО. (Russian Post). Поиск объектов почтовой связи (Postal Objects Search) ‹See Tfd›(in Russian)
  7. ^ Russian Federal State Statistics Service (May 21, 2004). "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population of Russia, Its Federal Districts, Federal Subjects, Districts, Urban Localities, Rural Localities—Administrative Centers, and Rural Localities with Population of Over 3,000] (XLS). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года [All-Russia Population Census of 2002] (in Russian).
  8. ^ "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров" [All Union Population Census of 1989: Present Population of Union and Autonomous Republics, Autonomous Oblasts and Okrugs, Krais, Oblasts, Districts, Urban Settlements, and Villages Serving as District Administrative Centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года [All-Union Population Census of 1989] (in Russian). Институт демографии Национального исследовательского университета: Высшая школа экономики [Institute of Demography at the National Research University: Higher School of Economics]. 1989 – via Demoscope Weekly.

Sources[edit]

  • Государственный Совет Чувашской Республики. Закон №28 от 19 декабря 1997 г. «Об административно-территориальном устройстве Чувашской Республики», в ред. Закона №37 от 30 июля 2013 г. «О внесении изменений в отдельные законодательные акты Чувашской Республики и признании утратившим силу Закона Чувашской Республики "О едином балансе активов и пассивов Чувашской Республики"». Вступил в силу со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Ведомости Государственного Совета ЧР", №23, 1998. (State Council of the Chuvash Republic. Law #28 of December 19, 1997 On the Administrative-Territorial Structure of the Chuvash Republic, as amended by the Law #37 of July 30, 2013 On Amending Several Legislative Acts of the Chuvash Republic and on Abrogating the Law of the Chuvash Republic "On Consolidated Balance of Assets and Liabilities of the Chuvash Republic". Effective as of the official publication date.).
  • Государственный Совет Чувашской Республики. Закон №37 от 24 ноября 2004 г. «Об установлении границ муниципальных образований Чувашской Республики и наделении их статусом городского, сельского поселения, муниципального района и городского округа», в ред. Закона №54 от 9 октября 2015 г. «О внесении изменений в Закон Чувашской Республики "Об установлении границ муниципальных образований Чувашской Республики и наделении их статусом городского, сельского поселения, муниципального района и городского округа"». Вступил в силу через 10 дней со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Республика", №49-50, 30 ноября 2004 г. (State Council of the Chuvash Republic. Law #37 of November 24, 2004 On Establishing the Borders of the Municipal Formations of the Chuvash Republic and on Granting Them Status of Urban, Rural Settlement, Municipal District, and Urban Okrug, as amended by the Law #54 of October 9, 2015 On Amending the Law of the Chuvash Republic "On Establishing the Borders of the Municipal Formations of the Chuvash Republic and on Granting Them Status of Urban, Rural Settlement, Municipal District, and Urban Okrug". Effective as of the day which is 10 days after the official publication date.).
  • Ядрин старше и его название не связано с ядрами