Yadukulakamboji

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Yadukulakamboji
ArohanamS R₂ M₁ P D₂ 
Avarohanam N₂ D₂ P M₁ G₃ R₂ S

Yadukulakamboji or Yadukulakambodi (yadukulakāmbhōji) is a rāgam in Carnatic music (musical scale of South Indian classical music). It is a janya rāgam (derived scale) from the 28th melakarta scale Harikambhoji, and is sometimes spelled as Yadukulakambhoji or Yadukulakambhodi. It is a janya scale, as it does not have all the seven swaras (musical notes) in the ascending scale. It is a combination of the pentatonic scale Shuddha Saveri and the sampurna raga scale Harikambhoji.[1][2]

Structure and Lakshana[edit]

Ascending scale with shadjam at C, which is same as Shuddha Saveri scale
Descending scale with shadjam at C, which is same as Harikambhoji scale

Yadukulakamboji is an asymmetric rāgam that does not contain gandharam and nishadam in the ascending scale. It is an audava-sampurna rāgam (or owdava rāgam, meaning pentatonic ascending scale).[1][2] Its ārohaṇa-avarohaṇa structure (ascending and descending scale) is as follows:

The notes used in this scale are shadjam, chathusruthi rishabham, shuddha madhyamam, panchamam and chathusruthi dhaivatam in ascending scale, with kaisiki nishadham and antara gandharam included in descending scale. For the details of the notations and terms, see swaras in Carnatic music.

Popular compositions[edit]

There are many compositions set to Yadukula kamboji rāgam. Here are some popular kritis composed in this ragam.

Film Songs[edit]

Language:Tamil[edit]

Song Movie Composer Singer
Kaasikku Pogum Sanyasi... Chandhrodhayam M. S. Viswanathan T. M. Soundararajan,Sirkazhi Govindarajan
Adangoppuraane Kaavalkaaran T. M. Soundararajan
Vetri Vendumaa Ethir Neechal V. Kumar Sirkazhi Govindarajan
Othaiyila Vanaja Girija Ilaiyaraaja K. S. Chithra
Nalla Neram Uthama Raasa S. P. Balasubrahmanyam
Kuluvalilae Muthu A. R. Rahman Udit Narayan,K. S. Chithra,Kalyani Menon,G. V. Prakash Kumar

Related rāgams[edit]

This section covers the theoretical and scientific aspect of this rāgam.

Scale similarities[edit]

  • Shuddha Saveri has a symmetric pentatonic scale, with the notes same as the ascending scale of Yadukulakamboji. Its ārohaṇa-avarohaṇa structure is S R₂ M₁ P D₂ :  D₂ P M₁ R₂ S
  • Kedaragaula is a rāgam which has the kaishiki nishadam in ascending scale in place of the chatushruti daivatam. Its ārohaṇa-avarohaṇa structure is S R₂ M₁ P N₂ :  N₂ D₂ N₂ P M₁ G₃ R₂ S

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Alternate notations:
    • Hindustani: S R M P D 
    • Western: C D F G A C
  2. ^ Alternate notations:
    • Hindustani:   D P M G R S
    • Western: C B A G F E D C

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Ragas in Carnatic music by Dr. S. Bhagyalekshmy, Pub. 1990, CBH Publications
  2. ^ a b Raganidhi by P. Subba Rao, Pub. 1964, The Music Academy of Madras