Yagodnoye, Magadan Oblast

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Yagodnoye (in English)
Я́годное (Russian)
-  Urban-type settlement  -
Map of Russia - Magadan Oblast (2008-03).svg
Location of Magadan Oblast in Russia
Yagodnoye is located in Magadan Oblast
Yagodnoye
Yagodnoye
Location of Yagodnoye in Magadan Oblast
Coordinates: 62°31′15″N 149°37′15″E / 62.52083°N 149.62083°E / 62.52083; 149.62083Coordinates: 62°31′15″N 149°37′15″E / 62.52083°N 149.62083°E / 62.52083; 149.62083
Administrative status
Country Russia
Federal subject Magadan Oblast
Administrative district Yagodninsky District[citation needed]
Statistics
Population (2010 Census) 4,210 inhabitants[1]
Time zone MAGT (UTC+11:00)[2]
Founded 1934[citation needed]
Urban-type settlement status since 1953[citation needed]

Yagodnoye (Russian: Я́годное) is an urban-type settlement in Magadan Oblast, Russia. Population: 4,210 (2010 Census);[1] 5,050 (2002 Census);[3] 11,024 (1989 Census).[4]

Geography[edit]

The settlement lies in the south-eastern section of the Chersky Range, on the left bank of the Debin River, a tributary of the Kolyma. The oblast capital of Magadan lies approximately 340 km to the south-east in a direct line, although it is over 550 km by road.

History[edit]

Yagodnoye was founded in 1934 in connection with the construction of the Kolyma Highway and the development of gold mining in the area. The town's name is derived from the Russian word yagoda for berry.

From 1949 until 1957, the settlement housed the administration of the SevLag forced labour camp in the Dalstroy section of the gulag network, where up to 15,800 prisoners were used in gold mining, road building and timber felling.[5]

With the creation of Yagodninsky District in 1953, Yagodnoye received urban-type settlement status.

Economy and infrastructure[edit]

The main industry in the settlement remains gold mining, although this has declined significantly since the collapse of the Soviet Union. Other industries such as production of food and construction materials also suffered as a result, meaning that a large proportion of the town's population has left since the 1990s.

Magadan can be reached via the Kolyma Highway, with branch roads leading to the former mining settlements of Verkhny At-Uryakh and Elgen.

Notable residents[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2011). "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 All-Russia Population Census) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved June 29, 2012. 
  2. ^ Правительство Российской Федерации. Федеральный закон №107-ФЗ от 3 июня 2011 г. «Об исчислении времени», в ред. Федерального закона №271-ФЗ от 03 июля 2016 г. «О внесении изменений в Федеральный закон "Об исчислении времени"». Вступил в силу по истечении шестидесяти дней после дня официального опубликования (6 августа 2011 г.). Опубликован: "Российская газета", №120, 6 июня 2011 г. (Government of the Russian Federation. Federal Law #107-FZ of June 31, 2011 On Calculating Time, as amended by the Federal Law #271-FZ of July 03, 2016 On Amending Federal Law "On Calculating Time". Effective as of after sixty days following the day of the official publication.).
  3. ^ Russian Federal State Statistics Service (May 21, 2004). "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population of Russia, Its Federal Districts, Federal Subjects, Districts, Urban Localities, Rural Localities—Administrative Centers, and Rural Localities with Population of Over 3,000] (XLS). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года [All-Russia Population Census of 2002] (in Russian). Retrieved August 9, 2014. 
  4. ^ Demoscope Weekly (1989). "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров" [All Union Population Census of 1989: Present Population of Union and Autonomous Republics, Autonomous Oblasts and Okrugs, Krais, Oblasts, Districts, Urban Settlements, and Villages Serving as District Administrative Centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года [All-Union Population Census of 1989] (in Russian). Институт демографии Национального исследовательского университета: Высшая школа экономики [Institute of Demography at the National Research University: Higher School of Economics]. Retrieved August 9, 2014. 
  5. ^ Northern labour camp, Gulag history at Memorial.de (German)