Yagur

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Yagur
יָגוּר
Jagur 081.jpg
Yagur is located in Haifa region of Israel
Yagur
Yagur
Yagur is located in Israel
Yagur
Yagur
Coordinates: 32°44′29″N 35°4′38″E / 32.74139°N 35.07722°E / 32.74139; 35.07722Coordinates: 32°44′29″N 35°4′38″E / 32.74139°N 35.07722°E / 32.74139; 35.07722
Country Israel
DistrictHaifa
CouncilZevulun
AffiliationKibbutz Movement
Founded1922
Founded byAhva members
Population
 (2019)[1]
1,617
Websitewww.yagur.com

Yagur (Hebrew: יָגוּר) is a kibbutz in northern Israel. Located on the northeastern slopes of Mount Carmel,[2] about 9 km southeast of Haifa, it falls under the jurisdiction of Zevulun Regional Council. In 2019 it had a population of 1,617,[1] making it one of the two largest kibbutzim in the country.

History[edit]

Communal dining hall, Kibbutz Yagur

Yagur was founded in 1922 by a settlement group called Ahva (Brotherhood). Its name was taken from an Arab village called "Yajur" nearby.

There is a site with a similar name (Jagur) mentioned in the Book of Joshua 15:21, though it was located in territory belonging to the Tribe of Judah, far to the south. At first, the members worked drying up the swamps surrounding the Kishon River and preparing the land for permanent settlement. They established various agricultural divisions and the kibbutz began to grow.

On 11 April 1931 three members of the kibbutz were killed by members of a cell of the Black Hand.[3]

During the Mandate era, Yagur was an important center for the Haganah. During Operation Agatha on 29 June 1946, the British army conducted a major raid on the kibbutz and located a major arms depot hidden there after receiving a tip from informants. More than 300 rifles, some 100 2-inch mortars, more than 400,000 bullets, some 5,000 grenades and 78 revolvers were confiscated.[4] Many members of the kibbutz were arrested.[5]

Economy[edit]

The economy is now based on diversified agriculture and industry. The kibbutz operates a 5-month work-study program for young adults (18-28) in which participants learn conversational Hebrew and work in the kibbutz.[6]

Notable people[edit]

Ruth Westheimer (Dr. Ruth)

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Population in the Localities 2019" (XLS). Israel Central Bureau of Statistics. Retrieved 16 August 2020.
  2. ^ טיולי, אתר. "נחל יגור - חיפה והר הכרמל | טיולי". אתר טיולי.
  3. ^ Kayyali, Abdul-Wahhab Said (no date) Palestine. A Modern History Croom Helm. ISBN 086199-007-2. p.164
  4. ^ "BLACK SABBATH (SATURDAY)". etzel.org.il.
  5. ^ Report on arms caches found at Mesheq Yagur colony including diagrams, ParaData website, Airborne Forces Museum, Duxford.
  6. ^ "Kibbutz Yagur Ulpan".

Further reading[edit]

  • Sefer Yagur, circa 1961-1962, published by the kibbutz to commemorate the 40th anniversary
  • Yagur as it is, undated, circa 1971-1972, published by the kibbutz to commemorate the 50th anniversary

External links[edit]