Yahaba Town Hall
Location of Yahaba in Iwate Prefecture
|• Total||67.32 km2 (25.99 sq mi)|
|Population (April 1, 2017)|
|• Density||405.4/km2 (1,050/sq mi)|
|Time zone||Japan Standard Time (UTC+9)|
|- Bird||Common cuckoo|
|Address||13-123 Minamiyahaba Yahaba-chō, Shiwa-gun, Iwate-ken 027-8501|
Yahaba (矢巾町? Yahaba-chō) is a town in Shiwa District, Iwate Prefecture, in the Tōhoku region of northern Japan. As of 1 April 2017[update], the town had an estimated population of 27,293 and a population density of 405.4 persons per km² in 10,131 households. The total area of the town was 67.28 square kilometres (25.98 sq mi).
Yahaba is located in central Iwate Prefecture, bordered by Morioka city to the north,
Yahaba has a humid oceanic climate (Köppen climate classification Cfa) characterized by mild summers and cold winters. The average annual temperature in Yahaba is 10.1 °C. The average annual rainfall is 1341 mm with September as the wettest month and February as the driest month. The temperatures are highest on average in August, at around 23.8 °C, and lowest in January, at around -2.6 °C.
Per Japanese census data, the population of Yahaba has gradually increased over the past 40 years.
The area of present-day Yahaba was part of ancient Mutsu Province, and has been settled since at least the Jomon period. The area was inhabited by the Emishi people, and came under the control of the Yamato dynasty during the early Heian period with the construction Tokutan Castle (徳丹城?) a fortified settlement, by Sakanoue no Tamuramaro in 813 AD. During the Sengoku period, the area was dominated by various samurai clans before coming under the control of the Nambu clan during the late Sengoku period, who ruled Morioka Domain under the Edo period Tokugawa shogunate.
After the start of the Meiji period, the villages of Kemuyama, Tokuda and Fudo were established within Shiwa District by the establishment of the modern municipalities system on April 1, 1889. The three villages merged on March 1, 1955 to form Yahaba village, which was raised to town status on May 1, 1966.
The local economy of Yahaba is traditionally based on agriculture, primarily rice cultivation. However, due to its proximity to Morioka, light industries and warehousing have been increasing in importance, and the town is increasingly becoming a bedroom community for Morioka.
Yahaba has four public elementary schools and two public junior high schools operated by the town government and two public high schools operated by the Iwate Prefectural Board of Education. In addition, the College of Pharmacy of the Iwate Medical University is located in Yahaba.
- Yahaba town official web site
- "詳細データ 岩手県矢巾町". 市町村の姿 グラフと統計でみる農林水産業 (in Japanese). Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries. 2016. Retrieved 13 April 2017.
- Yahaba climate data
- Yahaba population statistics
- Yahaba town official home page (Japanese)
- "US-Japan Sister Cities by State". Asia Matters for America. Honolulu, HI: East-West Center. Retrieved 20 November 2015.
- "Database of Registered National Cultural Properties". Agency for Cultural Affairs. Retrieved 1 February 2017.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Yahaba, Iwate.|
- Official website (Japanese)