|Alternative names||Yahni, yahnia, yakhna, yakhnia, iahnie|
|Type||stock, broth, or soup|
|Main ingredients||lamb meat or mutton meat|
Yakhni (Persian: یخنی, Arabic: يخني, Urdu: یخنی, Hindi: यख़नी, Greek: γιαχνί), yahni (Turkish), or yahniya (Bulgarian: яхния, Serbian, Macedonian: јанија) is a class of dishes traditionally prepared in a vast area encompassing South Asia, the Middle East and Southeast Europe or the Balkans.
A meat stew named yakhni originated as a Medieval Iranian cuisine. The name derives from the covered clay pot in which it was originally cooked. The meaning of the Persian word is "store of food". Different varieties of this dish later spread eastwards to Afghanistan, Uzbekistan and South Asia and westwards to the Ottoman Empire reaching the Levant and the Balkans.
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In Arab (especially Palestinian), Greek, and Turkish cuisines, it is a stew of meat, fish, or vegetables in a browned-onion base with tomatoes and olive oil. In Bulgarian cuisine, sunflower oil is used instead of olive oil.
In Pakistan and India, yakhni refers to stock or broth of beef, chicken, lamb or mutton. It is touted for its health benefits and is often the base for many foods including pulao (a pilaf) and other shorbas (soups).
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