Yair, Scottish Borders

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Yair House
Yair House - geograph.org.uk - 1038878.jpg
Yair House
Coordinates 55°35′10″N 2°52′10″W / 55.586°N 2.8695°W / 55.586; -2.8695Coordinates: 55°35′10″N 2°52′10″W / 55.586°N 2.8695°W / 55.586; -2.8695
Listed Building – Category A
Designated 12 March 1971
Reference no. 1899
Yair, Scottish Borders is located in Scottish Borders
Yair, Scottish Borders
Location in the Scottish Borders

Yair, also known as The Yair, is an estate in the Scottish Borders. It stands by the River Tweed in the former county of Selkirkshire, 2.5 miles (4.0 km) north-west of Selkirk, and 28 miles (45 km) south of Edinburgh. The name comes from the old Scots word for a fish trap. The estate is centred on Yair House, which is protected as a category A listed building.[1] The nearby Yair Bridge is also category A listed.[2]

History[edit]

In 1156 King Malcolm allowed the monks of Kelso to build a dam on the River Tweed, creating a pool for fishing.[3]

Yair House was built by Alexander Pringle of Whytbank (1747–1827) in 1788. It is a Georgian house of three storeys, with a large bay to the front.[1] Pringle made his fortune in India, and re-purchased the family estates on his return. These estates, which included Whytbank Tower on the north side of the river, had been Pringle property since the 16th century, but were sold in the early 18th century to pay debts.[4] The designer of the new house was William Elliot,[4] a Kelso-based architect who designed The Haining in Selkirk, for another Pringle, in 1794.[5]

Yair Bridge

Yair Bridge lies 600 metres (2,000 ft) downstream from the house. It was constructed around 1764, and designed by the Edinburgh architect William Mylne (1734–1790). The three-arch stone bridge now carries the A707 across the Tweed.[2][6]

Outdoor access[edit]

Yair Hill Forest is one of many forests in the Borders managed by Forestry Commission Scotland (FCS). It is located to the south and west of the house on Craig Hill (382m) and on Three Brethren (484m). Three Brethren is named after three stone mounds built in the 16th century by the lairds of Yair, Philiphaugh and Selkirk, to mark the boundaries of their lands.[7] Access to the forest is at Lindinney car park on the A707, close to Yair Bridge. The Yair Grazings car park, at the north-west edge of the forest, allows access to Yair Wood, and nearby Glenkinnon car park is the access point for a biodiversity trail.[3] Part of the forest is Lindinny Community Woodland, which is being restored from coniferous to native woodland by FCS and the Borders Forest Trust.[8]

The Southern Upland Way passes through the estate, descending from Three Brethren and crossing Yair Bridge. The Sir Walter Scott Way follows the same route. Below Yair is the Fairnilee slalom site on the River Tweed, used for canoe slalom. The Yair and the River Tweed generally remain popular salmon fishing sites. Yair House is not open to the public, theough the gardesn are occasionally opened for charity as part of Scotland's Gardens Scheme.[9]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Yair House: Listed Building Report". Historic Scotland. Retrieved 23 September 2011. 
  2. ^ a b "Yair Bridge: Listed Building Report". Historic Scotland. Retrieved 23 September 2011. 
  3. ^ a b "Yair Forest". Forestry Commission Scotland. Retrieved 23 September 2011. 
  4. ^ a b "Yair". Gazetteer for Scotland. Retrieved 23 September 2011. 
  5. ^ "The New House". The Haining, Selkirkshire. Haining Charitable Trust. Retrieved 21 September 2011. 
  6. ^ "Yair Bridge". Gazetteer for Scotland. Retrieved 23 September 2011. 
  7. ^ "Three Brethren Trail". Forestry Commission Scotland. Retrieved 23 September 2011. 
  8. ^ "Lindinny Community Woodland". Borders Community Woodland Forum. Retrieved 23 September 2011. 
  9. ^ "The Yair". Scotland's Gardens Scheme. Retrieved 23 September 2011. 

External links[edit]