Yajur, Haifa

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Yajur
Yajur 006.JPG
Yajur is located in Mandatory Palestine
Yajur
Yajur
Arabic ياجور
Name meaning from personal name[1]
Subdistrict Haifa
Coordinates 32°45′31″N 35°03′26″E / 32.75861°N 35.05722°E / 32.75861; 35.05722Coordinates: 32°45′31″N 35°03′26″E / 32.75861°N 35.05722°E / 32.75861; 35.05722
Palestine grid 155/240
Population 610[2][3] (1945)
Area 2,720[3] dunams
Date of depopulation April 25, 1948[4]
Cause(s) of depopulation Military assault by Yishuv forces
Secondary cause Influence of nearby town's fall
Current localities Yagur[5]

Yajur (Arabic: ياجور‎‎, Yâjûr) was a Palestinian Arab village located 9.5 km southeast of Haifa. It was depopulated during the 1947–48 Civil War in Mandatory Palestine on April 25, 1948.

History[edit]

Fragments of glass, and tombs with sarcophagi are located in the old village area today.[5]

Yajur was mentioned as part of the domain of the Crusaders during the hudna (truce) between the Crusaders based in Acre and the Mamluk sultan Al Mansur Qalawun declared in 1283.[6]

Ottoman era[edit]

In 1799, it was noted on the map that Pierre Jacotin compiled that year, though it was misnamed as Beled el Charq (=Balad al-Sheikh).[7]

In 1872, the Ottoman authorities sold land in Yajur to two Lebanese businessmen, Sursock and Salim al-Khuri.[8]

In 1875, Victor Guérin found the village to have about 200 inhabitants, and that it was surrounded by fig and olive trees.[9]

A population list from about 1887 showed that Yajur had about 150 inhabitants; all Muslims.[10]

In the early twentieth century the village, named El-Yadschur, was noted with 153 inhabitants. The village had a mosque. It was also noted that the villagers no longer owned their land, as it was owned by a selim el-churi, who planned to start silk production in the village.[11]

British Mandate era[edit]

In the 1922 census of Palestine Yajur had a population of 202; all Muslims,[12] while in the 1931 census it was counted with Nesher; together they had 1,449 inhabitants; 554 Muslim, 26 Christians and 858 Jews, in addition to 11 with no religion, in a total of 291 houses.[13]

The Lebanese landowners sold land in Yajur to the Zionist, who in turn established the kibbutz of Yagur in 1922 on what had traditionally been village land.[8]

The village population in 1945 was 610; 560 Muslims and 50 Christians,[2][3] with a total of 2,720 dunams of land.[3] Of this, Arabs used 57 dunums of land for plantations and irrigable land, 261 for cereals,[14] while 18 dunams were classified as built-up land.[15]

1948 and aftermath[edit]

Following the war the area was incorporated into the State of Israel. In 1992, the village site was described: "No traces of the houses remain on the site, which is marked by numerous fig trees and a smaller number of olive trees."[5] Kibbutz Yagur uses part of Yajur's former land for agriculture, with cement factories on another part.[5]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Palmer, 1881, p. 120
  2. ^ a b Department of Statistics, 1945, p. 15
  3. ^ a b c d Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 49
  4. ^ Morris, 2004, xvii, village #143. Also gives causes of depopulation.
  5. ^ a b c d Khalidi, 1992, p. 203
  6. ^ Barag, 1979, p. 208
  7. ^ Karmon, 1960, p. 162
  8. ^ a b Khalidi, 1992, p. 202
  9. ^ Guérin, 1880, pp. 401-402
  10. ^ Schumacher, 1888, p. 177
  11. ^ Mülinen, 1908, pp. 178-185
  12. ^ Barron, 1923, Table XI, Sub-district of Haifa, p. 33
  13. ^ Mills, 1932, p. 97
  14. ^ Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 92
  15. ^ Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 142

Bibliography[edit]

External links[edit]