Yakama Indian Reservation
map of the Yakama Indian Reservation
|(31,799 (2000 Census))|
|Regions with significant populations|
|United States (Washington)|
|English, Ichishkíin Sínwit|
|Related ethnic groups|
|other Klikitat, Palus, Wallawalla, Wanapam, Wenatchi, Wishram, and Yakama peoples|
The Yakama Indian Reservation is a Native American reservation of the federally recognized tribe, the Confederated Tribes and Bands of the Yakama Nation. The tribe is made up of Klikitat, Palus, Wallawalla, Wanapam, Wenatchi, Wishram, and Yakama people.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the reservation covers 2,185.94 square miles (5,661.56 km²) and the population in 2000 was 31,799. It lies primarily in the Yakima and the northern edge of Klickitat counties. A small section crosses the southeast corner of Lewis County. The largest city on the reservation is Toppenish.
The reservation was created in 1855 by a treaty signed by Washington Territory Gov. Isaac Stevens and representatives of the Yakama tribe. Several leaders believed that those representatives did not have the authority to cede land, and had not gained consensus from the full council or tribe. A dispute over the treaty led to the Yakima War (1855–1858).
Following the Bannock War of 1878, the United States government forced the Northern Paiute people out of Nevada, although most had not been involved in the war, and into the Yakama Reservation. The more than 500 Paiute were subjected to privation for years before being allowed to return to Nevada. Having them there meant competition for resources and housing by all the peoples. The Paiute did not return to Nevada until the 1886 expansion of the Duck Valley Indian Reservation permitted them to reunite with their Western Shoshone brethren.
- Pritzker 260
- "Indian Affairs | FAQs". Bia.gov. Retrieved 2012-08-12.
- Omer Stewart, Review: "Gae Whitney Canfield, 'Sarah Winnemucca of the Northern Paiutes', Norman, OK: University of Oklahoma, 1983", Journal of California and Great Basin Anthropology, 5(2), 1983, accessed 12 February 2014
- "Cultural Department". Sho-Pai Tribes. Retrieved 2015-02-05.
- Pritzker, Barry M. A Native American Encyclopedia: History, Culture, and Peoples. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2000. ISBN 978-0-19-513877-1.
- Yakama Reservation and Off-Reservation Trust Land, Washington United States Census Bureau
- Confederated Tribes and Bands of the Yakama Nation, official website