Filipinos in Malaysia
|(110,000 cited 1990 census)|
Official language in
|Regional language in the Philippines|
|Regulated by||Komisyon sa Wikang Filipino|
Area where Yakan is spoken
Yakan is a language of Basilan Island in the Philippines. It is the native language of Yakan people, the indigenous as well as the largest ethnic group on the island. It has a total of 110,000 native speakers. Despite being located in the Philippines, it is not closely related to other Philippine languages, but rather a member of the Sama-Bajaw languages, which in turn are related to the Barito languages spoken in southern Borneo, Madagascar and Mayotte.
Yakan has a simple five-vowel system: [a], [e], [i], [o], [u], with phonemic vowel length: ā [a:], ē [e:], ī [i:], ō [o:], ū [u:].
The following chart lists the consonant phonemes of Yakan.
All consonants except for /d͡ʒ/, /h/, /j/, /w/ and /ʔ/ can occur as lengthened consonants.
The following spelling conventions are used: y /j/, j /d͡ʒ/, ng /ŋ/, ' /ʔ/.
- Brainard, Sherri; Behrens, Dietlinde (2002). A Grammar of Yakan. Manila: Linguistic Society of the Philippines. Grammar description accessible via Rosetta Project
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