|(110,000 cited 1990 census)|
Official language in
|Regional language in the Philippines|
|Regulated by||Komisyon sa Wikang Filipino|
Area where Yakan is spoken
Yakan is an Austronesian language primarily spoken on Basilan Island in the Philippines. It is the native language of the Yakan people, the indigenous as well as the largest ethnic group on the island. It has a total of 110,000 native speakers. Despite being located in the Philippines, it is not closely related to other languages of the country. It is a member of the Sama-Bajaw languages, which in turn are related to the Barito languages spoken in southern Borneo, Madagascar and Mayotte.
Yakan has a simple five-vowel system: [a], [e], [i], [o], [u], with phonemic vowel length: ⟨ā⟩ [a:], ⟨ē⟩ [e:], ⟨ī⟩ [i:], ⟨ō⟩ [o:], ⟨ū⟩ [u:].
The following chart lists the consonant phonemes of Yakan.
The consonant d is usually realized between vowels as a flap [ɾ], although some speakers use the stop [d] in all positions.
All consonants except for /d͡ʒ/, /h/, /j/, /w/ and /ʔ/ can occur as lengthened consonants.
The following spelling conventions are used: ⟨y⟩ /j/, ⟨j⟩ /d͡ʒ/, ⟨ng⟩ /ŋ/, ⟨'⟩ /ʔ/.
- ^ Yakan at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015) (subscription required)
- ^ Brainard & Behrens 2002, pp. 5–6.
- ^ Brainard & Behrens 2002, p. 5.
- ^ Brainard & Behrens 2002, p. 10.
- Brainard, Sherri; Behrens, Dietlinde (2002). A Grammar of Yakan. Manila: Linguistic Society of the Philippines.
- Omniglot's entry on the Yakan language
- Online Yakan-English dictionary accessible from SIL Philippines's website
- Grammar description from Brainard and Behrens (2002), accessible via Rosetta Project