28 August 1932 |
Haifa, British Mandate of Palestine
Tel Aviv University
University of South Carolina
George Mason University
|Alma mater||Technion (B.S., 1956)
Bristol University (Ph.D., 1960)
|Doctoral advisor||David Bohm|
|Doctoral students||Avi Marchewka
|Known for||Aharonov–Bohm effect
Two-state vector formalism
|Notable awards||National Medal of Science (2010)
Wolf Prize (1998)
Elliott Cresson Medal (1991)
He is the uncle of Dorit Aharonov.
Yakir Aharonov (Hebrew: יקיר אהרונוב; born on August 28, 1932 in Haifa, Israel) is an Israeli physicist specializing in quantum physics. He is a Professor of Theoretical Physics and the James J. Farley Professor of Natural Philosophy at Chapman University in California. He is also a distinguished professor in the Perimeter Institute  and a professor emeritus at Tel Aviv University in Israel. He is president of the IYAR, The Israeli Institute for Advanced Research.
His research interests are nonlocal and topological effects in quantum mechanics, quantum field theories and interpretations of quantum mechanics. In 1959, he and David Bohm proposed the Aharonov–Bohm effect for which he co-received the 1998 Wolf Prize.
In 1988 Aharonov et al. published their theory of weak measurement, which does not disturb the quantum state being observed. This work was motivated by Aharonov's long time quest to experimentally verify his theory that apparently random events in quantum mechanics are caused by events in the future (two-state vector formalism). Verifying a present effect of a future cause requires a measurement, which would ordinarily destroy coherence and ruin the experiment. He and his colleagues were able to make weak measurements and verify the present effect of the future cause.
Professor Aharonov received his undergraduate education at the Technion – Israel Institute of Technology in Haifa, graduating with a BSc in 1956. He continued his graduate studies at the Technion and then moved to Bristol University, UK together with his doctoral advisor David Bohm receiving a PhD degree in 1960.
2008–Present: Professor of Theoretical Physics and the James J. Farley Professor of Natural Philosophy at Chapman University
2006–2008: Professor at George Mason University
1964–1967: Associate Professor, Yeshiva University, USA
1961–1964: Assistant Professor, Yeshiva University, USA
1960–1961: Research Associate, Brandeis University, USA
Awards and honors
1981: Elected Fellow of the American Physical Society
1984: Weizmann Prize in Physics
1984: Rothschild Prize in Physics
1990: Elected to the National Academy of Science of Israel
1992: Honorary Doctor of Science, Technion – Israel Institute of Technology
1993: Elected Member of the National Academy of Sciences, USA
1993: Honorary Doctor of Science, University of South Carolina, USA
1995: Hewlett–Packard Europhysics Prize
1997: Honorary Doctor of Science, Bristol University, UK
1999: Honorary Doctor of Science, University of Buenos Aires, Argentina
- "Yakir Aharonov's Homepage at Chapman University". Chapman University. Retrieved February 17, 2013.
- Nine Leading Researchers Join Stephen Hawking as Distinguished Research Chairs at PI
- IYAR, The Israeli Institute for Advanced Research site
- "Israel Prize Official Site – Recipients in 1989 (in Hebrew)".
- Wolf Prize Recipients in Physics
- 2009 Nobel prize predictions
- Aharonov homepage at Chapman University
- Aharonov biography
- Aharonov homepage at USC
- Aharonov homepage at Tel Aviv University
- Yakir Aharonov at the Mathematics Genealogy Project