Yakovlev

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
This article is about the Russian aircraft manufacturer. For people with the surname, see Yakovlev (surname).
JSC A.S. Yakovlev Design Bureau
Division
Industry
Founded Moscow, Russia (January 15, 1934 (1934-01-15))
Founder Alexander Sergeyevich Yakovlev
Products Military aircraft
Parent Irkut
Website www.yak.ru/ENG/

The JSC A.S. Yakovlev Design Bureau[1][2] (Russian: ОАО Опытно-конструкторское бюро им. А.С. Яковлева) is a Russian aircraft designer and manufacturer (design office prefix Yak). Its head office is in Aeroport District, Northern Administrative Okrug, Moscow.[3]

Overview[edit]

The bureau was formed in 1934 under designer Alexander Sergeyevich Yakovlev as OKB-115 (the design bureau has its own production base at the facility №115), but the birthday is considered on 12 May 1927, the day of maiden flight of the AIR-1 aircraft developed within the Department of Light Aircraft of GUAP (Head Agency of Aviation Industry) under the supervision of A.S. Yakovlev.

During World War II Yakovlev designed and produced a famed line of fighter aircraft.

Yakovlev was acquired by Irkut in April 2004.[4] The Russian government merged the holding company with Mikoyan, Ilyushin, Irkut, Sukhoi and Tupolev as a new company named United Aircraft Building Corporation in February 2006.[5]

The firm is the designer of the Pchela (Russian: Пчела, "bee") drone reconnaissance aircraft and is perhaps best known for its highly successful line of World War II-era piston-engined fighter aircraft.

The name Yakovlev is used commonly in the West, but in Russia it is always abbreviated as Yak (Russian: Як) as a part of an aircraft name. The German transliteration, often used by the Russians, Poles, and others as well, is Jak.

Aircraft[edit]

Yak-11 of Polish Air Force.
Yak-130 trainer aircraft

Early aircraft[edit]

Fighters[edit]

  • Yakovlev Yak-38 fighter aircraft of the Novorossiisk heavy aircraft carrying cruiser of the Pacific Fleet.
    Yak-1 (1940 - WWII fighter)
  • Yak-3 (1943 - WWII fighter)
  • Yak-7 "Mark" (1941 - WWII single-seat fighter)
  • Yak-9 "Frank" (1942 - WWII fighter/bomber, improved Yak-7DI)
  • Yak-15 "Feather" (1946 - first successful Soviet jet fighter, developed from Yak-3U)
  • Yak-17 "Feather" (1947 - jet fighter, development of Yak-15)
  • Yak-23 "Flora" (1948 - fighter, development of Yak-15/Yak-17)
  • Yak-38 "Forger" (1975 - V/STOL shipborne fighter)

Bombers[edit]

Airliners, transport and utility aircraft[edit]

Reconnaissance[edit]

Helicopters[edit]

Trainers[edit]

Experimental[edit]

  • Yak-3/I-26U/I-30 (1941 - WWII fighter prototype)
  • Yak-5/I-28 (1940 - WWII fighter prototype)
  • Yak-EG (1947 - experimental helicopter)
  • Yak-8 "Crib" (1944 - transport, improved Yak-6)
  • Yak-13 (1945 - improved Yak-10, prototype only)
  • Yak-16 "Cork" (1948 - civilian transport)
  • Yak-19 (1947 - prototype jet fighter)
  • Yak-25 (1947 - fighter prototype, designation reused)
  • Yak-26 "Flashlight" (1955 - tactical bomber, developed from Yak-25)
  • Yak-30 (1948 - fighter prototype, development of Yak-25)
  • Yak-33 (early 1960s - V/STOL fighter, bomber, reconnaissance aircraft project)
  • Yak-36 "Freehand" (1963 - VTOL demonstration aircraft)
  • Yak-41 "Freestyle" (1975 - early name for Yak-141 VTOL fighter)
  • Yak-43 (1983 - projected replacement for VTOL Yak-141 fighter)
  • Yak-141 VTOL fighter during hover at 1992 Farnborough Airshow
    Yak-141 "Freestyle" (1989 - prototype supersonic VTOL fighter)
  • Yak-44 (1980s - carrier-capable airborne early warning)
  • Yak-45 (1973 - failed air superiority fighter design)
  • Yak-46 (1990s - failed push prop design developed from the Yak-42)
  • Yak-50 (1949 - fighter prototype, development of Yak-30, designation reused)
  • Yak-60 (late 1960s - tandem-rotor heavy-lift helicopter design)
  • Yak-140 (1954 - light-weight experimental fighter)
  • Yak-140 (1955 - experimental fighter aircraft)
  • Yak-1000 (1951 - high-speed experimental aircraft)
  • VVP-6 (experimental VTOL transport and weapons platform)

Planned aircraft[edit]

  • Irkut MC-21 (proposed short- and medium-range airliner)
  • Yak-48 (1998 - proposed commercial passenger)
  • Yak-77 (1993 - proposed twin-engine business, regional commuter airliner)

International aircraft projects[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ A.S.Yakovlev Design Bureau - General Data
  2. ^ UAC - General information
  3. ^ Home page. Yakovlev. Retrieved on 30 August 2011. "125315 Russia, Moscow, Leningradskiy prospect, 68" Address in Russian: "125315 Россия, Москва, Ленинградский проспект, 68"
  4. ^ Irkut Corporation Completes Yakovlev Design Bureau Acquisition. defense-aerospace.com, April 22, 2004.
  5. ^ "Russian Aircraft Industry Seeks Revival Through Merger." The New York Times. February 22, 2006.
  • A book by A.T.Stepanets. Yak Fighters in WWII [ISBN 5-217-01192-0] (in Russian)
  • Степанец А.Т.- Истребители "Як" периода Великой Отечественной войны. Справочник. - М.: Машиностроение, 1992. - 224 с.: ил:

External links[edit]