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This article is about the Russian aircraft manufacturer. For people with the surname, see Yakovlev (surname).
JSC A.S. Yakovlev Design Bureau
Founded Moscow, Russia (January 15, 1934 (1934-01-15))
Founder Alexander Sergeyevich Yakovlev
Products Military aircraft
Parent Irkut
Website www.yak.ru/ENG/

The JSC A.S. Yakovlev Design Bureau[1][2] (Russian: ОАО Опытно-конструкторское бюро им. А.С. Яковлева) is a Russian aircraft designer and manufacturer (design office prefix Yak). Its head office is in Aeroport District, Northern Administrative Okrug, Moscow.[3]


The bureau was formed in 1934 under designer Alexander Sergeyevich Yakovlev as OKB-115 (the design bureau has its own production base at the facility №115), but the birthday is considered on 12 May 1927, the day of maiden flight of the AIR-1 aircraft developed within the Department of Light Aircraft of GUAP (Head Agency of Aviation Industry) under the supervision of A.S. Yakovlev.

During World War II Yakovlev designed and produced a famed line of fighter aircraft.

Yakovlev was acquired by Irkut in April 2004.[4] The Russian government merged the holding company with Mikoyan, Ilyushin, Irkut, Sukhoi and Tupolev as a new company named United Aircraft Building Corporation in February 2006.[5]

The firm is the designer of the Pchela (Russian: Пчела, "bee") drone reconnaissance aircraft and is perhaps best known for its highly successful line of World War II-era piston-engined fighter aircraft.

The name Yakovlev is used commonly in the West, but in Russia it is always abbreviated as Yak (Russian: Як) as a part of an aircraft name. The German transliteration, often used by the Russians, Poles, and others as well, is Jak.


Yak-11 of Polish Air Force.
Yak-130 trainer aircraft

Early aircraft[edit]



Airliners, transport and utility aircraft[edit]





  • Yak-3/I-26U/I-30 (1941 - WWII fighter prototype)
  • Yak-5/I-28 (1940 - WWII fighter prototype)
  • Yak-EG (1947 - experimental helicopter)
  • Yak-8 "Crib" (1944 - transport, improved Yak-6)
  • Yak-13 (1945 - improved Yak-10, prototype only)
  • Yak-16 "Cork" (1948 - civilian transport)
  • Yak-19 (1947 - prototype jet fighter)
  • Yak-25 (1947 - fighter prototype, designation reused)
  • Yak-26 "Flashlight" (1955 - tactical bomber, developed from Yak-25)
  • Yak-30 (1948 - fighter prototype, development of Yak-25)
  • Yak-33 (early 1960s - V/STOL fighter, bomber, reconnaissance aircraft project)
  • Yak-36 "Freehand" (1963 - VTOL demonstration aircraft)
  • Yak-41 "Freestyle" (1975 - early name for Yak-141 VTOL fighter)
  • Yak-43 (1983 - projected replacement for VTOL Yak-141 fighter)
  • Yak-141 "Freestyle" (1989 - prototype supersonic VTOL fighter)
  • Yak-44 (1980s - carrier-capable airborne early warning)
  • Yak-45 (1973 - failed air superiority fighter design)
  • Yak-46 (1990s - failed push prop design developed from the Yak-42)
  • Yak-50 (1949 - fighter prototype, development of Yak-30, designation reused)
  • Yak-60 (late 1960s - tandem-rotor heavy-lift helicopter design)
  • Yak-140 (1954 - light-weight experimental fighter)
  • Yak-140 (1955 - experimental fighter aircraft)
  • Yak-1000 (1951 - high-speed experimental aircraft)
  • VVP-6 (experimental VTOL transport and weapons platform)

Planned aircraft[edit]

  • Irkut MC-21 (proposed short- and medium-range airliner)
  • Yak-48 (1998 - proposed commercial passenger)
  • Yak-77 (1993 - proposed twin-engine business, regional commuter airliner)

International aircraft projects[edit]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ A.S.Yakovlev Design Bureau - General Data
  2. ^ UAC - General information
  3. ^ Home page. Yakovlev. Retrieved on 30 August 2011. "125315 Russia, Moscow, Leningradskiy prospect, 68" Address in Russian: "125315 Россия, Москва, Ленинградский проспект, 68"
  4. ^ Irkut Corporation Completes Yakovlev Design Bureau Acquisition. defense-aerospace.com, April 22, 2004.
  5. ^ "Russian Aircraft Industry Seeks Revival Through Merger." The New York Times. February 22, 2006.
  • A book by A.T.Stepanets. Yak Fighters in WWII [ISBN 5-217-01192-0] (in Russian)
  • Степанец А.Т.- Истребители "Як" периода Великой Отечественной войны. Справочник. - М.: Машиностроение, 1992. - 224 с.: ил:

External links[edit]