|First flight||7 September 1944|
|Primary user||Soviet Air Force|
|Developed from||Yakovlev UT-2|
Development and design
In 1944, the Yakovlev UT-2 was the standard primary trainer of the Soviet Air Forces, but its simplicity caused problems when pilots moved on to more sophisticated aircraft, so the Yakovlev design bureau designed a more sophisticated derivative, the UT-2L, which featured an enclosed tandem cockpit, the addition of flaps and blind flying instruments.
At the same time, Yakovlev designed a single-seat aircraft based on the UT-2L, intended as a fighter-trainer. This aircraft, the Yak-5, was a low-wing monoplane of wooden construction, but unlike the UT-2, had the front cockpit removed and an enclosed sliding canopy placed over the rear cockpit. A retractable tailwheel undercarriage replaced the fixed landing gear of the UT-2. It was powered by a Shvetsov M-11D five-cylinder radial producing 115 hp (86 kW), which drove a two-bladed variable-pitch propeller. It could be fitted with a single synchronized ShKAS machine gun aimed by a reflector sight, while the aircraft was also fitted with a radio.
The prototype Yak-5 first flew on 7 September 1944. The new fighter-trainer's handling proved popular with its test pilots, and the aircraft successfully passed official evaluation. In the end, neither the UT-2L or the Yak-5 entered production because the Soviet Air Force command believed wooden aircraft were becoming obsolete, which would result in production of the all-metal Yakovlev Yak-18 trainer in late 1945. The sole Yak-5 was destroyed when it suffered failure of the wooden wing during a snap roll and crashed.
Data from Yakovlev Aircraft since 1924
- Crew: 1
- Length: 7.3 m (23 ft 11 in)
- Wingspan: 10.5 m (34 ft 5 in)
- Wing area: 17 m2 (180 sq ft)
- Empty weight: 770 kg (1,698 lb)
- Max takeoff weight: 940 kg (2,072 lb)
- Powerplant: 1 × Shvetsov M-11D 5-cylinder air-cooled radial piston engine, 86 kW (115 hp)
- Propellers: 2-bladed VISh-237 variable-pitch propeller
- Maximum speed: 250 km/h (160 mph, 130 kn)
- Landing speed: 85 km/h (53 mph; 46 kn)
- Range: 450 km (280 mi, 240 nmi)
- Take-off run: 180 m (590 ft)
- Landing run: 200 m (660 ft)
- PBP-1 reflector sight
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Yakovlev aircraft.|
- Gunston 1995, p. 459.
- Gordon, Komissarov and Komissarov 2005, pp. 56–57.
- Gunston and Gordon 1997, p. 91.
- Gordon, Komissarov and Komissarov 2005, p. 57.
- Gunston and Gordon 1997, p. 92.
- Gunston 1995, p. 467.
- Gordon, Yefim, Dmitry Komissarov and Sergey Komissarov. OKB Yakovlev: A History of the Design Bureau and its Aircraft. Hinkley, UK: Midland Publishing, 2005. ISBN 1-85780-203-9.
- Gunston, Bill. The Osprey Encyclopedia of Russian Aircraft 1875–1995. London: Osprey, 1995. ISBN 1-85532-405-9.
- Gunston, Bill and Yefim Gordon. Yakovlev Aircraft since 1924. London, UK: Putnam Aeronautical Books, 1997. ISBN 1-55750-978-6.