Yale School of Engineering & Applied Science

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Yale School of Engineering & Applied Science
Yale School of Engineering.png
Coat of arms of the School
Former names Engineering Department
(1852–1932)
School of Engineering
(1932–1961)
Faculty of Engineering
(1961–2008)
Established 1852
Type Private
Academic affiliation Yale University
Location New Haven, Connecticut, USA
Dean T. Kyle Vanderlick
Website seas.yale.edu

The Yale School of Engineering & Applied Science is the engineering school of Yale University. When the first professor of civil engineering was hired in 1852, a Yale School of Engineering was established in within the Yale Scientific School, and in 1932 the engineering faculty organized as a separate, constituent school of the university. The school offers undergraduate and graduate classes and degrees in electrical engineering, chemical engineering, computer science, environmental engineering, biomedical engineering, and mechanical engineering and materials science.

Malone Engineering Center

History[edit]

Establishment in the Sheffield Scientific School (1852–1919)[edit]

Engineering education at Yale began more than a century before the founding of a School of Engineering. In the first half of the nineteenth century, chemistry professor Benjamin Silliman made fundamental contributions to the fractional distillation of petroleum, and his son, chemistry professor Benjamin Silliman, Jr., commercialized the process as a fuel source.[1] In 1852, William A. Norton moved from Brown University to become Yale's first Professor of Civil Engineering, which established a faculty of engineering at Yale.

In 1854, two years after Norton's appointment, engineering became part of the new Scientific School, renamed the Sheffield Scientific School in 1860 in honor of Joseph Earl Sheffield. In 1863, Yale granted the first American Ph.D. in engineering to J. Willard Gibbs, who later taught at Yale and became one of the founders of the field of thermodynamics.

Professor Norton was joined by physicist Chester Lyman in 1859, by mechanical engineering professor William P. Trowbridge in 1870, and A. Jay DuBois in 1877, who succeeded Trowbridge.[2] By the end of the century, the Engineering Department had three sub-departments: civil engineering, mechanical engineering, and electrical engineering. The last of these fields was introduced at Yale by Charles S. Hastings and Henry A. Bumstead in the 1880s.[2]

School foundation, dissolution, and revival (1919–)[edit]

In the first half of the twentieth century, a gradual reorganization of engineering education at Yale took place with the integration of Sheffield programs with Yale College and Graduate School and, in 1932, the creation of a School of Engineering. In 1961, the school was reduced to a department within Yale College.

Though a new Marcel Breuer–designed engineering building was opened in 1970, the demotion of school caused Yale's engineering programs to atrophy.[3] University administrators discussed entirely restructuring, or possibly eliminating, the faculty in the early 1990s.[3][4] The appointment of D. Allan Bromley as Dean of Engineering in 1994 provided much-needed momentum.[3] Bromley, a nuclear physicist and science adviser to U.S. President George H. W. Bush, was a forceful advocate for engineering at Yale.[3] New programs in biomedical and environmental engineering were introduced during his tenure.[5] Bromley also instituted the Sheffield Fellowship, to recognize technological leaders, the Sheffield Distinguished Teaching Awards, and the "Select Program", a five-year combined B.S. M.Eng. degree program, all named to honor the Sheffield Scientific School.

In 2000, Paul A. Fleury was appointed Dean. The department received renewed university investment beginning in the same year, when Yale President Richard Levin announced a $500 million capital investment in sciences and engineering at Yale.[4][6] The Malone Engineering Center was opened in 2005 to expand campus facilities for biomedical engineering and teaching, establishing a separate Department of Biomedical Engineering.[7] The building was named by businessman John C. Malone for his father.

In 2008, T. Kyle Vanderlick was appointed Dean and the school was reestablished as the School of Engineering & Applied Science.[8][9] In 2009, Vanderlick created the Advanced Graduate Leadership Program, a unique and competitive program designed to provide doctoral students with experiences and training beyond the research lab.[10] In July 2010, the school was reorganized by the University. The Department of Mechanical Engineering was renamed the Department of Mechanical Engineering & Materials Science and the Department of Chemical Engineering was renamed the Department of Chemical & Environmental Engineering to showcase both degree programs. The Department of Applied Physics became an independent department within the Graduate School of Arts and Sciences.[11] In 2011, John C. Malone made a $50 million gift to the School, endowing 10 professorships.[12] In 2012, the School opened the Center for Engineering Innovation & Design.[13]

Vanderlick was reappointed by the University for a second term in 2013.[14] In March 2015, Yale’s Department of Computer Science joined the University’s four engineering departments as part of the School of Engineering & Applied Science.[15] In June 2016, construction began on an underground teaching concourse that will physically link the Department of Computer Science to other main engineering buildings. The 10,000-square-foot space is designed specifically for undergraduate engineering laboratories and hands-on learning experiences.[15]

Engineering at Yale experienced a renaissance during Vanderlick’s tenure as dean. Interest and enrollment in Yale’s engineering programs flourished and numerous student groups centered on engineering were created. Notably, the School has consistently maintained one of the highest percentage of engineering bachelor's degrees awarded to women in the nation.[16] Vanderlick led the recruitment of more than 30 new faculty members and paved the way for vital capital improvements to include extensive research space and state-of-the-art teaching facilities. Fundraising during Vanderlick’s time as dean reached record highs for the School, including gifts of $50 million for 10 new endowed faculty chairs,[17] $26 million to create and sustain the Center for Engineering Innovation & Design,[18] $20 million for growth in computer science,[19] and $10 million for the new undergraduate teaching concourse scheduled to open in fall 2017.[20]

In January 2017, it was announced that Vanderlick would return full-time to teaching and research after her term as dean concludes. In a message to the University community, President Peter Salovey praised Vanderlick’s energy and creativity as well as her success in bringing to life the “cool nature of engineering.” Salovey also noted that Vanderlick “excelled in carrying out her charge to reinvigorate engineering at Yale” and credited her for the university’s reemergence “as a national leader in engineering education and research.”[20]

Buildings[edit]

Name Photograph Year Built Architect Description
Arthur K. Watson Hall A.K. Watson Hall Yale.JPG 1893 J. Cleaveland Cady The original four-story brick Romanesque Revival building, trimmed with East Haven sandstone and terra cotta, was constructed as the Sheffield Chemical Laboratory. Currently houses the Department of Computer Science.[21][22]
Mason Laboratory Mason Laboratory.jpg 1911 Charles C. Haight Built originally for the Sheffield Scientific School, it was the gift of Sheffield graduates William Smith Mason and George Grant Mason. Mason was remodeled in 1967 and provides classroom, office, and laboratory facilities.[23]
Dunham Laboratory Dunham Lab.jpg 1912 Henry G. Morse Also built for Sheffield, it was the gift of Austin C. Dunham. This Collegiate Gothic building includes laboratories, classrooms and offices. Addition added in 1958 (office of Douglas Orr).[24]
Becton Engineering and Applied Science Center Becton Center from Prospect Street.JPG 1970 Marcel Breuer Built from pre-cast concrete panels, Becton contains offices, laboratories, a cafe, and an auditorium. Funded in part by a donation from Henry P. Becton.[25]
17 Hillhouse Avenue 17 Hillhouse.jpg 1971 Westerman & Miller Associates A five-story structure of Indiana limestone that houses the Yale Institute for Network Science and contains space and classrooms for the School of Engineering & Applied Science.
David S. Malone Engineering Center Malone Engineering Center.JPG 2005 Cesar Pelli This triangular building was funded in part by John C. Malone and built with a limestone veneer and a glass curtain wall. Malone contains laboratories for research and teaching. The building fronts the Farmington Canal[26]

Deans[edit]

Source:[27]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Schiff, Judith Ann (November 2005). "How Yale Launched the Oil Economy". Yale Alumni Magazine. Retrieved 18 March 2015. 
  2. ^ a b Welch, Lewis Sheldon; Camp, Walter (1899). Yale, Her Campus, Class-rooms, and Athletics. Boston: L. C. Page and Company. pp. 373–378. Retrieved 18 March 2015. 
  3. ^ a b c d Fellman, Bruce (April 2002). "Rebuilding Engineering". Yale Alumni Magazine. Retrieved 18 March 2015. 
  4. ^ a b Fellman, Bruce (May 2000). "Serious About the Sciences". Yale Alumni Magazine. Retrieved 18 March 2015. 
  5. ^ Fellman, Bruce (April 1998). "Biomedical Goes Major". Yale Alumni Magazine. Retrieved 18 March 2015. 
  6. ^ Arenson, Karen W. (19 January 2000). "At Yale, a $500 Million Plan Reflects a New Age of Science". New York Times. Retrieved 18 March 2015. 
  7. ^ Weaver, Jacqueline (14 October 2005). "University dedicates Malone Engineering Center". Yale Bulletin & Calendar. Yale University. 34 (7). Retrieved 18 March 2015. 
  8. ^ T. Kyle Vanderlick named Yale Dean of Engineering
  9. ^ Yale Creates School of Engineering & Applied Science, Yale University Office of Public Affairs
  10. ^ "Advanced Graduate Leadership Program". Yale School of Engineering & Applied Science. Retrieved 2017-02-22. 
  11. ^ "Yale Graduate School of Arts and Sciences - Programs & Departments". Retrieved 4 April 2016. 
  12. ^ "Alumnus John Malone Commits $50 Million to Yale's Engineering School". March 24, 2011. Retrieved April 4, 2016. 
  13. ^ "Yale's new innovation and design center to foster 'culture of engineering'". Yale News. Retrieved 2016-04-04. 
  14. ^ "Vanderlick named to second term as dean of engineering school". Yale News. Retrieved 2016-04-04. 
  15. ^ a b "Yale launches expansion of the Department of Computer Science". Yale News. Retrieved 2016-04-04. 
  16. ^ "College Profiles: American Society for Engineering Education". www.asee.org. Retrieved 2017-02-22. 
  17. ^ "Alumnus John Malone Commits $50 Million to Yale's Engineering School". Yale News. Retrieved 2017-02-22. 
  18. ^ "James S. Tyler Jr. '65 D.Eng. supports Yale CEID". Yale News. Retrieved 2017-02-22. 
  19. ^ "Yale launches expansion of the Department of Computer Science". Yale News. Retrieved 2017-02-22. 
  20. ^ a b "Vanderlick to step down as dean; helped make engineering 'cool' at Yale". Yale News. Retrieved 2017-02-22. 
  21. ^ "Watson Hall". CW Architects. Retrieved 2016-07-22. 
  22. ^ Hupfer, Susanne. "Watson Hall History". Retrieved 2016-07-22. 
  23. ^ Yale Facilities: Mason Laboratory
  24. ^ Yale Facilities: Dunham Laboratory
  25. ^ Yale Facilities: Becton Center
  26. ^ University dedicates Malone Engineering Center, Yale Bulletin and Calendar, October 21, 2005, Volume 34, Number 8]
  27. ^ Yale Engineering through the Centuries
  28. ^ In memoriam, Felix Zweig, Yale Bulletin and Calendar, Volume 36, Number 6, October 12, 2007

Further reading[edit]

  • Cunningham, W. Jack (1992). Engineering at Yale: School, Department, Council, 1932-1982. Connecticut Academy of Arts and Sciences. 
  • Kerr, Edith (October 1952). "Yale Engineering: The First 100 Years". Yale Alumni Magazine. pp. 45–46. 

External links[edit]