Yale University Art Gallery
|Location||1111 Chapel St., New Haven, Connecticut|
|Director||Jock Reynolds (2016)|
The Yale University Art Gallery houses a significant and encyclopedic collection of art in several buildings on the campus of Yale University in New Haven, Connecticut. Although it embraces all cultures and periods, the gallery emphasizes early Italian painting, African sculpture, and modern art.
The Yale University Art Gallery is the oldest university art museum in the western hemisphere. The gallery was founded in 1832, when patriot-artist, John Trumbull, donated more than 100 paintings of the American Revolution to Yale College and designed the original Picture Gallery. This building, on the university's Old Campus, was razed in 1901.
The gallery's main building was built in 1953, and was among the first designed by Louis Kahn, who taught architecture at Yale. A complete renovation, which returned many spaces to Kahn's original vision, was completed in December 2006, by Polshek Partnership Architects. The older Tuscan romanesque portion was built in 1928, and was designed by Egerton Swartwout. The Gallery reopened on December 12, 2012, after a 14-year renovation and expansion project at a cost of $135 million. The expanded space totals 69,975 sq ft (6,500.9 m2).
The museum is a member of the North American Reciprocal Museums program.
Trumbull Gallery built in 1832
On the second floor was a very valuable collection of paintings by John Trumbull, mainly of historical events. Among them were his well-known paintings of the "Battle of Bunker Hill," "Death of Montgomery before Quebec," "Surrender of Lord Cornwallis," "Declaration of Independence," etc. Trumbull gave the paintings to Yale in consideration of an annuity of $1,000 and subject to the condition that he and his wife should be forever buried beneath the pictures.
The Death of General Montgomery in the Attack on Quebec, 1786, John Trumbull
Parau Parau (Whispered Words), Paul Gauguin, 1892, Yale Art Gallery
Builders of Ships by George Bellows, 1916
Joseph Stella, Brooklyn Bridge, 1919–2
The Gallery’s encyclopedic collections number more than 185,000 objects ranging in date from ancient times to the present day. The permanent collection includes:
- African Art: over 1000 objects in wood, metal, ivory and ceramic.
- American Decorative Arts: about 18,000 objects in silver, glass, wood, porcelain, and textile with an emphasis on the colonial and early federal periods.
- American Paintings and Sculpture: over 2,500 paintings, 500 sculptures, and 300 miniatures from before the mid-twentieth century including paintings by Benjamin West, John Singleton Copley, Albert Bierstadt, Frederic Church, Frederic Remington, Thomas Eakins, Winslow Homer, George Bellows, John Singer Sargent, Edwin Austin Abbey, Arthur Dove, Elizabeth Goodridge, and Edward Hopper, and sculptures by Hezekiah Augur, Hiram Powers, Horatio Greenough, William Henry Rinehart, Chauncey Ives, Alexander Archipenko, and Alexander Calder.
- Ancient Art: over 13,000 objects from the Near East, Egypt, Greece, Etruria, and Rome dating from the Neolithic to the early Byzantine.
- Art of the Ancient Americas: Mayan and Olmec figurines, vessels and sculptures.
- Asian Art
- Coins and Medals
- Early European Art
- Modern and Contemporary Art: including paintings and sculpture by Josef Albers, Edgar Degas, Marcel Duchamp, Alberto Giacometti, Jean Metzinger, Joan Miró, Piet Mondrian, Pablo Picasso, Mark Rothko, and Roy Lichtenstein.
- Prints, Drawings, and Photographs
In 2005, the museum announced that it had acquired 1,465 gelatin silver prints by the influential American landscape photographer, Robert Adams. In 2009, the museum mounted an exhibition of its extensive collection of Picasso paintings and drawings, in collaboration with the Nasher Museum of Art at Duke University. For the first time, portions of the Yale University Library's, Gertrude Stein writing archives were displayed next to relevant drawings from Picasso.
As an affiliate of Yale University, the gallery maintains a robust roster of education programs for university students, New Haven schools, and the general public. One such program is the Gallery Guide program, founded in 1998, which trains undergraduate students to lead tours at the museum.
The Yale Art Gallery charges no admission.
- "Yale University Art Gallery – 1953". www.building.yale.edu. Archived from the original on August 30, 2013. Retrieved 22 August 2016.
- "Special Exhibit Examines Dynamic Relationship Between the Art of Pablo Picasso and Writing" (PDF). webgallery.yale.edu. Yale University Art Gallery press release. Archived from the original (PDF) on March 4, 2012. Retrieved August 22, 2016.
- Yale Art Gallery, Yale Buildings and Grounds[dead link]
- "Building: Kahn". artgallery.yale.edu. Archived from the original on January 15, 2005. Retrieved August 22, 2016.
- Antiques Magazine, November–December 2012, 108-109.
- Charles McGrath (December 6, 2012), A King of Art With the Midas Touch New York Times.
- The ancestry, life and work of Addison E. Verrill of Yale University. p. 60.
- Yale Art Gallery
- Tom, Sullivan. "Student gallery guides help illuminate Yale's art collections". Yale Daily News. Retrieved April 10, 2015.
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