|Named after||Masaru Yamaguchi|
|Reaction type||Coupling reaction|
|Organic Chemistry Portal|
|RSC ontology ID|
The Yamaguchi esterification is the chemical reaction of an aliphatic carboxylic acid and 2,4,6-trichlorobenzoyl chloride (TCBC, Yamaguchi reagent) to form a mixed anhydride which, upon reaction with an alcohol in the presence of stoichiometric amount of DMAP, produces the desired ester. It was first reported by Masaru Yamaguchi et al. in 1979.
It is especially useful in the synthesis of macro-lactones and highly functionalised esters.
The aliphatic carboxylate adds to the carbonyl carbon of Yamaguchi reagent, forming a mixed anhydride, which is then attacked by DMAP regioselectively at the less hindered carbon, producing acyl-substituted DMAP. This highly electrophilic agent is then attacked by the alcohol to form the product ester.
The in situ formation of the symmetric[clarification needed] aliphatic anhydride is proposed to explain the regioselectivity observed in the reactions of aliphatic acids, based on the fact that aliphatic carboxylates are more nucleophilic, and aliphatic anhydrides are more electrophilic towards DMAP and alcohol than their counterparts.[clarification needed]
- Inanaga, J.; Hirata, K.; Saeki, H.; Katsuki, T.; Yamaguchi, M. "A Rapid Esterification by Means of Mixed Anhydride and Its Application to Large-ring Lactonization". Bull. Chem. Soc. Jpn. 1979, 52, 1989–1993. doi:10.1246/bcsj.52.1989
- Kawanami, Y.; Dainobu, Y.; Inanaga, J.; Katsuki, T.; Yamaguchi, M. "Synthesis of Thiol Esters by Carboxylic Trichlorobenzoic Anhydrides". Bull. Chem. Soc. Jpn. 1981, 54, 943–944. doi:10.1246/bcsj.54.943