Yamamoto New Scalp Acupuncture

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YSNA (Yamamoto New Scalp Acupuncture) is an acupuncture system developed in Japan by acupuncturist Toshikatsu Yamamoto.

Introduction[edit]

In the 1960s Japanese physician Toshikatsu Yamamoto discovered an independent acupuncture system. Yamamoto presented this method, which originally consisted of five points, for the first time at a Japanese Ryodoraku Congress in Japan in 1973. For twelve years, using these highly effective points, which he termed basal points, basic or base points, he treated stroke patients suffering from pain and paralysis. Taking second place only to ear acupuncture, YNSA is today the most widely and frequently used form of acupuncture[1][2] and is gaining increasing significance.[3][4]

Masterkey 2010
YNSA Somatotop

Since 1973, in addition to the basal points several other points have been discovered, namely, sensory points, brain points, Y points, extra points, treatment points on the thorax and in the region of the pubic bone, dorsal treatment points and additional peripheral points as well as various diagnostic points.

In Japan, acupuncture was largely practised by massage therapists, which meant that it was not highly regarded in classical medicine nor, in particular, at university medical schools. Interest in and receptiveness to acupuncture is gradually increasing, also at some Japanese universities.

YNSA is also used very successfully in veterinary medicine, for example to treat cats and dogs.[5][6][7][8][9]

YNSA basic points lateral

Methodology[edit]

The basal points are still used successfully in daily practice. Acupuncture needles are applied ipsilaterally at these basal points for pain therapy[10][11][12] while for the treatment of central paresis they are applied contralaterally to the paretic side.[13] YNSA is a special form of traditional acupuncture. The method is based on a somatotope on the scalp. In the same way as with ear or mouth acupuncture, the entire organism is projected here on a defined area of the scalp. The locomotor system is at the boundary of the forehead and hair, whereas the internal organs are represented via Y points on both temples. Scalp acupuncture distinguishes a yin somatotope at the front of the scalp and a yang somatotope at the back of the scalp. With the aid of special Japanese neck diagnostics, the associated Y therapy points in the temples or the corresponding cranial nerve points are revealed via pressure-sensitive points in the neck region. As a representative of each median, There is a pressure point on the neck that acts as a representative diagnostic point for each meridian and an associated treatment point in the region of the temples. If, for example, the kidney point on the neck is sensitive to pressure, the corresponding Y point on the temple is needled. If the needle is correctly positioned in the temple region, the pressure sensitivity in the neck will disappear, thus providing immediate verification for correct positioning of the needle.[14]

Further reading[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Thomas Schockert, "What can be achieved by using Yamamoto New Scalp Acupuncture (YNSA)?", 2009 Deutsche Zeitschrift für Akupunktur, S. 1
  2. ^ Bakak Boroojedi, Toshikatsu Yamamoto, Günter Schumpe, Thomas Schockert, "Treatment Of Stroke-Related Motor Impairment By Yamamoto New Scalp Acupuncture (YNSA): An Open, Prosective, Topometrically Controlled Study", 2005 Medical Acupuncture, S. 24
  3. ^ Yamamoto T, Schockert T, Boroojerdi B (December 2007). "Treatment of juvenile stroke using Yamamoto New Scalp Acupuncture (YNSA) - a case report". Acupuncture in Medicine. 25 (4): 200–2. PMID 18160931. doi:10.1136/aim.25.4.200. 
  4. ^ Hasegawa TM, Baptista AS, de Souza MC, Yoshizumi AM, Natour J (April 2014). "Acupuncture for acute non-specific low back pain: a randomised, controlled, double-blind, placebo trial". Acupuncture in Medicine. 32 (2): 109–15. PMID 24316509. doi:10.1136/acupmed-2013-010333. 
  5. ^ YNSA and Tail Acupuncture, Noriko Shimizu,D.V.M, Nashiku Shimizu,D.V.M, Medical Tribune
  6. ^ da Silva, Lorine; Taxoto, Alda Nerys; Montalvão, Elaine Meque; Marques, Amélia Pasqual; Alfredo, Patrícia Pereira (2011). "Efeitos da craniopuntura de Yamamoto na osteoartrite de joelho: estudo de caso" [The Yamamoto scalp acupuncture effects in knee osteoarthritis: a case study]. Fisioterapia e Pesquisa (in Portuguese). 18 (3): 287–291. doi:10.1590/S1809-29502011000300015. 
  7. ^ The Yamamoto scalp acupuncture effects in knee osteoarthritis: a case stud[page needed]
  8. ^ YANG, H. M. ; AZEVEDO, RS ; YAMAMOTO, J. F. ; SILVEIRA, A. S. B. ; MASSAD, Eduardo . The Use Of Quasi-Periodic Phenomenon In Epidemics To Design A Pulse Vaccination Campaign. MATHEMATICAL MODELING AND SCIENTIFIC COMPUTING, ESTADOS UNIDOS DA AMÉRICA, v. 6, p. 799-804, 1996.
  9. ^ Akupunktur und Chinesische Medizin, Universität Witten/Herdecke für Studierende der Zahn- und Humanmedizin
  10. ^ Hasegawa TM, Baptista AS, de Souza MC, Yoshizumi AM, Natour J (April 2014). "Acupuncture for acute non-specific low back pain: a randomised, controlled, double-blind, placebo trial". Acupuncture in Medicine. 32 (2): 109–15. PMID 24316509. doi:10.1136/acupmed-2013-010333. 
  11. ^ Allam H, Mohammed NH (June 2013). "The Role of Scalp Acupuncture for Relieving the Chronic Pain of Degenerative Osteoarthritis: A Pilot Study of Egyptian Women". Medical Acupuncture. 25 (3): 216–220. PMC 3689183Freely accessible. PMID 24761173. doi:10.1089/acu.2012.0892. 
  12. ^ Rezvani M, Yaraghi A, Mohseni M, Fathimoghadam F (May 2014). "Efficacy of Yamamoto new scalp acupuncture versus Traditional Chinese acupuncture for migraine treatment". Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine. 20 (5): 371–4. PMID 24372521. doi:10.1089/acm.2013.0120. 
  13. ^ Thomas Schockert, "Neurophysiologische Korrelate der Wirkung von YNSA bei Patienten mit chronischen Schmerzen des Bewegungsapparates", 2010 Deutsche Zeitschrift für Akupunktur, S. 8-13
  14. ^ Yamamoto Toshikatsu, Yamamoto Helen, Yamamoto Margaret Michiko: Yamamoto New Scalp Acupuncture (YNSA), Miyazaki Minami Printing Co., Ltd., 2010[page needed]