Yamina (political alliance)

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Yamina

ימינה
LeaderAyelet Shaked
Founded29 July 2019
Dissolved10 October 2019
IdeologyZionism
National conservatism
Economic liberalism
Judicial restraint
Settler interests
Factions:
Religious conservatism
Religious Zionism
Orthodox interests
Political positionRight-wing to far-right
Member parties New Right
Union of Right-Wing Parties (The Jewish Home and Tkuma)
Colours                   
SloganIsrael wants to go right.
Election symbol
טב
Website
insite-media.biz/yamina/01/

Yamina (Hebrew: ימינה, lit., Right or Rightwards)[1] was an Israeli political alliance of right-wing to far-right parties, comprising the New Right and the Union of Right-Wing Parties (a union of The Jewish Home and Tkuma).[2] The list was created ahead of the September 2019 Israeli legislative election, which saw Yamina secure 7 seats in Knesset.[3] The alliance was expected to split on 6 October, with the New Right as its own faction while Tkuma and the Jewish Home will stay together, on 6 October, though the alliance will continue to negotiate as a single bloc in the aftermath of the election.[4] The meeting on 6 October was postponed, with some citing disagreements on whether Yamina should split, while others referred to it as a "technical" matter.[5] The alliance officially split on 10 October 2019.[6]

Background[edit]

On 21 July 2019, after suffering a defeat in the April 2019 Israeli legislative election, New Right leader Naftali Bennett decided to give leadership of the party to Ayelet Shaked. In her opening leadership speech, Shaked declared that she will seek to unite with the Union of Right-Wing Parties (URWP) and other right-wing parties.[7]

The following day, negotiations with the URWP began. The negotiations initially stalled, as URWP leader Rafi Peretz was unwilling to concede leadership of the list to Shaked, and disagreements arose over how many spots each of the three involved parties would receive on the list. Another subject that arose in the negotiations was whether the radical former URWP member Otzma Yehudit should be included in the new joint list.[8]

Sara Netanyahu (the wife of the prime minister) was recorded speaking with Rafi Peretz' wife, Michal Peretz, in an attempt to convince Peretz to retain his number one slot on the list; she was unsuccessful. It was also revealed that Benjamin Netanyahu was involved (despite his denial).[9] The URWP and the New Right agreed to a joint run on 29 July 2019, with the New Right's Ayelet Shaked leading the joint list. As part of the agreement, the alliance declared that they would negotiate together to establish a right-wing government under Benjamin Netanyahu.[10]

Composition[edit]

Name Ideology Position Leader Current MKs
New Right National conservatism, Economic liberalism Right-wing Ayelet Shaked
3 / 120
The Jewish Home[a] Religious Zionism, Religious conservatism Right-wing to far-right Rafi Peretz
2 / 120
National Union–Tkuma[a] Religious Zionism, Ultranationalism Far-right Bezalel Smotrich
2 / 120

Principles[edit]

Party leader Ayelet Shaked listed 11 principles that the Yamina list is determined to uphold:[11]

  1. Jewish Identity: We will work to strengthen the Jewish identity of the State of Israel, and to strengthen the connection of Israeli students to the Torah, the Land of Israel and Jewish heritage.
  2. Nationality: We will act for the implementation of the Nation-state Law and prevention of any harm to it, while continuing to ensure individual rights and equality for all Israeli citizens.
  3. Unity of the land: We are the only party that opposes the establishment of a Palestinian state and any withdrawal from the territories of the Land of Israel. We will work to develop settlements throughout the country.
  4. Sovereignty: We will act for the full and equitable application of national sovereignty and the rule of law to all citizens and residents of Israel, including the end of the military administration of Judea and Samaria and the application of Israeli sovereignty to the territories of Judea, Samaria and the Jordan Valley.
  5. Determination against terror: We will defeat terrorism with determination and without compromise, we will defeat Gaza border terrorism and end the allowances payed to terrorists by the Palestinian Authority. We will bring back the corpses of IDF soldiers and charge a price from Hamas for its actions, with total resistance to the release of imprisoned terrorists. We will act to assist disabled IDF veterans and the victims of the conflict.
  6. Aliyah: We will work towards the implementation of a national Aliyah policy, which will promote Jewish immigration and remove unnecessary barriers to immigration. We will prevent illegal immigration of migrant workers to Israel and prevent the abuse of family reunification policies.
  7. Competition and liberty: We will promote competition to break up monopolies and cartels, open the economy to international competition and reduce central planning in the economy. We will promote competition in the housing market, release land for construction, and implement taxation policies that will spur development. We will streamline regulation, reduce the regulatory burden on employers which will encourage employment and productivity, and create a comfortable environment for a sharing economy and the high tech industry.
  8. Right to work: We will reform the labor law so unions can only represent all workers in a workplace if they have a majority of its workers unionized, we will implement mandatory government arbitration to solve labor disputes in essential government services and increase transparency in labor organizations.
  9. Governability: We will strengthen the values of governability and democracy. We will strengthen the status of the Knesset as a legislative authority and restore confidence in the Supreme Court as the judicial authority, in accordance with the law. We will strengthen the status of elected officials in the face of the un-elected bureaucracy.
  10. Social responsibility: We will enact economic and medical protection for the disabled and the elderly, while integrating people with disabilities in education, society and the labor market.
  11. Galilee and the Negev: We will strengthen the Galilee and the Negev with additional employment opportunities, housing, health care, tourism, culture, and transport. We will encourage capital investment and private initiatives that will strengthen human capital and allow families to settle and remain in the Galilee and the Negev. We will strengthen agriculture and the Labor settlements.

Alongside these united principles, each party retains its own independent platform. Thus, the New Right represents the more "liberal" Religious and Secular right, The Jewish Home represents "mainstream" Religious Zionism, while Tkuma represents the more nationalist and Chardal Religious Zionists.

Candidate list[edit]

The party's candidate list for the September 2019 Knesset elections is as follows:[10]

     - New Right,      - The Jewish Home,      - National Union–Tkuma

# Name Notes
1 Ayelet Shaked Party leader and head of the New Right. Former Minister of Justice
2 Rabbi Rafi Peretz Head of the The Jewish Home and URWP. Minister of Education and former chief of the Military Rabbinate
3 Bezalel Smotrich Head of Tkuma. Minister of Transport and co-founder of the NGO Regavim
4 Naftali Bennett Former head of the New Right and the Jewish Home, and former Minister of Education
5 Moti Yogev Former IDF colonel and Secretary General of Bnei Akiva
6 Ofir Sofer Tkuma Secretary General
7 Colonel (Res.) Matan Kahana Former Sayeret Matkal officer and F-16 Squadron Commander
8 Idit Silman Head of "Misdar Hadar", an organization whose goal is to return the Israeli corpses currently in the hands of Hamas
9 Roni Sasover Lawyer, Right-wing activist
10 Orit Strook Founder of the NGO "Human Rights Organization of Judea and Samaria"
11 Shai Maimon Leader of the movement to legalize the settlement Mitzpe Carmim
12 Shuli Mualem Former Deputy and Acting Chairman of the IDF Widows and Orphans organisation
13 Rabbi Eli Ben-Dahan Deputy Minister of Defense and former Ahi party Chairman

Leaders[edit]

Leader Took office Left office
AYELET SHAKED.jpg Ayelet Shaked 2019 2019

Knesset election results[edit]

Election year Party Leader # of overall votes % of overall vote # of overall seats
won
+/- Gov?
September 2019 Ayelet Shaked 260,655 5.87
7 / 120
Increase 1 TBD

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b Member of the Union of Right-Wing Parties

References[edit]

  1. ^ "United Right to run under name 'Yemina'". Arutz Sheva. 12 August 2019.
  2. ^ Jeremy Sharon (30 July 2019). "Right-wing parties form alliance to be led by Shaked". The Jerusalem Post.
  3. ^ "95% of votes counted: 33 seats for Blue & White, 32 for Likud". The Jerusalem Post. 18 September 2019.
  4. ^ "Yamina to officially split on Sunday". The Jerusalem Post. 4 October 2019.
  5. ^ Jacob Magid (7 October 2019). "Ahead of Yamina split, Smotrich calls for religious slates to stick together". The Times of Israel.
  6. ^ Raoul Wootliff (10 October 2019). "Yamina party officially splits into New Right, Jewish Home-National Union". The Times of Israel.
  7. ^ Jacob Magid (21 July 2019). "Taking reins from Bennett, Shaked urges right-wing slates to unite beneath her". The Times of Israel. Retrieved 29 July 2019.
  8. ^ Raoul Wootliff (1 August 2019). "Extremist Otzma Yehudit still seeking merger with United Right as deadline nears". Times of Israel. Retrieved 5 August 2019.
  9. ^ "Leaked recordings reveal Sara Netanyahu's efforts to sabotage URWP-Shaked merger". The Times of Israel. Retrieved 29 July 2019.
  10. ^ a b "New Right, United Right reach final agreement on joint run". Arutz Sheva. 29 July 2019. Retrieved 29 July 2019.
  11. ^ Ayelet Shaked (8 August 2019). "אנחנו בימין המאוחד מחויבים, בראש ובראשונה, לציבור בישראל ולערכי הימין". Facebook (in Hebrew). Retrieved 5 August 2019.