Al-Yamun

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al-Yamun
Other transcription(s)
 • Arabic اليامون
al-Yamun is located in the Palestinian territories
al-Yamun
al-Yamun
Location of al-Yamun within the Palestinian territories
Coordinates: 32°29′11.35″N 35°14′06.98″E / 32.4864861°N 35.2352722°E / 32.4864861; 35.2352722Coordinates: 32°29′11.35″N 35°14′06.98″E / 32.4864861°N 35.2352722°E / 32.4864861; 35.2352722
Palestine grid 171/210
Governorate Jenin
Government
 • Type Municipality
Area
 • Jurisdiction 20,361 dunams (20.4 km2 or 7.9 sq mi)
Population (2007)[1]
 • Jurisdiction 16,383
Name meaning from personal name,[2]

Al-Yamun (Arabic: اليامون‎‎) is a Palestinian town located nine kilometers west of Jenin in the Jenin Governorate, in the northern West Bank. Al-Yamun's land area consists of approximately 20,000 dunams, of which 1,300 dunams is built-up area.[3]

According to the Palestinian Central Bureau of Statistics, the town had a population of 16,383 inhabitants in the 2007 census.[1] The population is formed mainly of a number of families such as Frehat, Khamaysa, Samudi, Hushiya, Abu al-Hija, Samara 'Abahra, Zaid, Jaradat, Sharqieh and Nawhda.[3]

History[edit]

The town is an ancient one, where two columns and two capitals have been reused at the door of the mosque.[4]

Ottoman era[edit]

Yamun, like the rest of Palestine, was incorporated into the Ottoman Empire in 1517, and in the census of 1596, the village appeared as “Yamoun”, located in the nahiya of Sara in the liwa of Lajjun. It had a population of 28 households, all Muslim. They paid a fixed tax rate of 25 % on agricultural products, including wheat, barley, summer crops, olive trees, goats and beehives, in addition to occasional revenues; a total of 15,000 akçe.[5] Pierre Jacotin named the village Ellamoun on his map made during the French campaign in Egypt and Syria in 1799.[6]

In 1838 Edward Robinson noted it on his travels,[7] and in 1870 Victor Guérin found that Yamun had 500 inhabitants.[8]

In 1882 the Palestine Exploration Fund's Survey of Western Palestine described it as “A large village, with olives round it, standing on high ground, with a well on the east. This appears to be the 'Janna of the Onomasticon,’ 3 miles south of Legio; does not exactly agree, being 7 English miles.”[9]

British Mandate era[edit]

In the 1922 census of Palestine, conducted by the British Mandate authorities, Yamun had a population of 1,485; all Muslims except one Christian[10] who was Orthodox.[11] The population increased in the 1931 census to 1,836; all Muslim, in a total of 371 houses.[12]

In 1945 the population was 2,520; all Muslims,[13] with 20,361 dunams of land, according to an official land and population survey.[14] 6,036 dunams were used for plantations and irrigable land, 11,121 dunams for cereals,[15] while a total of 58 dunams were built-up, urban land.[16]

1948-1967[edit]

In the wake of the 1948 Arab–Israeli War, and after the 1949 Armistice Agreements, Al-Yamun came under Jordanian rule. Some of Al-Yamun inhabitants descended from Abu-Hija, a commander who came to Palestine with Saladin. After 1948, Al-Yamun received fellow Abu-Hija descendants from the depopulated village of Ein Hod, presently in Israel.[17]

post-1967[edit]

After the Six-Day War in 1967, Al-Yamun has been under Israeli occupation.

On October 29, 2008, Muhammad 'Abahra, a farmer in the town was killed by the IDF. 'Abahra had a shotgun in his possession leading the IDF to believe he would fire at them. 'Abahra's son, however, alleged, that his father was guarding his sheep from suspected thieves.[18]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b 2007 Locality Population Statistics. Palestinian Central Bureau of Statistics (PCBS).
  2. ^ Palmer, 1881, p. 156
  3. ^ a b Israeli army's terror and Sabotage actions in Al Yamun town, Jenin District Applied Research Institute of Jerusalem (ARIJ). 2004-07-05.
  4. ^ Dauphin, 1998, pp. 748-9
  5. ^ Hütteroth and Abdulfattah, 1977, p. 160
  6. ^ Karmon, 1960, p. 169
  7. ^ Robinson and Smith, 1841, vol 2, pp. 161, 167
  8. ^ Guérin, 1875, p. 225
  9. ^ Conder and Kitchener, 1882, SWP II, p. 46
  10. ^ Barron, 1923, Table IX, Sub-district of Jenin, p. 30
  11. ^ Barron, 1923, Table XV, p. 47
  12. ^ Mills, 1932, p. 71
  13. ^ Department of Statistics, 1945, p. 17
  14. ^ Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 55
  15. ^ Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 100
  16. ^ Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 150
  17. ^ Ben Ze'ev, 2011, p. 92
  18. ^ West Bank farmer killed by troops BBC News. BBC MMVIII. 2008-10-29.

Bibliography[edit]

External links[edit]

Successful people who originated from al-yamoun include the famous political conflict professor Ibrahim Frehat, and the famous writer, Dr. Fakhri Saleh